junior

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See also: Junior, júnior, and iunior

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin junior, contr. of juvenior, compar. of iuvenis ‎(young); see juvenile.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

junior ‎(comparative more junior, superlative most junior)

  1. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) (not comparable, often preceded by a possessive adjective or a possessive form of a noun) Younger.
    • 2003, Karen Frisch, Creating Junior Genealogists, ISBN 1593310293:
      Far less likely to intimidate your junior genealogist is the Internet, with its databases, message and bulletin boards, online collections, and more. Now is also the time to introduce your children to older relatives, who can be valuable resources and provide precious information.
    • 2010, Julie Cross, Humor in Contemporary Junior Literature, ISBN 1136839879, page 1:
      Humorous books for junior readers are often ignored by the critical community, due, in part, to what Milner Davis describes as a “conventional bias against comic genres” (1996: 101), and I consider this a serious oversight within the field of children's literature.
    • 2011, Julian Barnes, Knowing French (Storycuts), ISBN 1448128757:
      There she is: Lady Margaret Hall, eight years junior to me, exhibitioner where I was top scholar, and reading French. (Not veterinary science.)
    • 2012, Junior Golf in Pictures: The Junior Golfer's Handbook, ISBN 0615722385:
      A handbook for junior golfers covering a wide range of golfing instruction and information with over 250 photographs of juniors learning, playing, practicing and enjoying the game of golf.
    • 2013, Krishna Mohan Mishra, Me and Medicine, ISBN 1491802820, page 111:
      Instead of going to the unit I walked in the opposite direction towards the medicine lecture room with various thoughts going through my mind — most of them were positive as this was a great opportunity to practise what I had learnt so far and should have a good impact on students who were 3-4 years junior to me and not known to me.
  2. (not comparable) Of or pertaining to a third academic year in a four-year high school (eleventh grade) or university.
  3. (comparable) Low in rank; having a subordinate role, job, or situation.
  4. Belonging to a younger person, or an earlier time of life.
    • Sir Thomas Browne
      Though our first Studies and junior Endeavours may stile us Peripateticks, Stoicks, or Academicks, yet I perceive the wisest Heads prove at last, almost all Scepticks []

Translations[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

junior ‎(plural juniors)

  1. A younger person.
    four years his junior
    • Angela Brazil
      Miss Mitchell would certainly be most relieved to have a monitress who was capable of organising the juniors at games.
    • 1939 P. G. Wodehouse, "Uncle Fred in the Springtime":
      The last man I met who was at school with me, though some years my junior, had a long white beard and no teeth.
  2. A third-year student at a high school or university.
  3. A name suffix used after a son's name when his father has the same name. Abbreviation: Jr.

Antonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

External links[edit]

  • junior at OneLook Dictionary Search

French[edit]

Noun[edit]

junior m, f ‎(plural juniors)

  1. (sports) junior

Adjective[edit]

junior m, f ‎(plural juniors)

  1. junior (all senses)

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin iunior ‎(younger), from Latin iuvenis ‎(young).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈjuniʲor]
  • Hyphenation: ju‧ni‧or

Noun[edit]

junior

  1. (sports) junior

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative junior juniorok
accusative juniort juniorokat
dative juniornak junioroknak
instrumental juniorral juniorokkal
causal-final juniorért juniorokért
translative juniorrá juniorokká
terminative juniorig juniorokig
essive-formal juniorként juniorokként
essive-modal
inessive juniorban juniorokban
superessive junioron juniorokon
adessive juniornál junioroknál
illative juniorba juniorokba
sublative juniorra juniorokra
allative juniorhoz juniorokhoz
elative juniorból juniorokból
delative juniorról juniorokról
ablative juniortól junioroktól

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tótfalusi István, Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára. Tinta Könyvkiadó, Budapest, 2005, ISBN 963 7094 20 2

Latin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

jūnior ‎(comparative of juvenis)

  1. Alternative form of iūnior

Inflection[edit]

Third declension, comparative variant

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative jūnior jūnius jūniōrēs jūniōra
genitive jūniōris jūniōrum
dative jūniōrī jūniōribus
accusative jūniōrem jūnius jūniōrēs jūniōra
ablative jūniōre jūniōribus
vocative jūnior jūnius jūniōrēs jūniōra