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Alternative forms[edit]


From French rôle.



role ‎(plural roles)

  1. A character or part played by a performer or actor.
    My neighbor was the lead role in last year's village play.
    Her dream was to get a role in a Hollywood movie, no matter how small.
  2. The expected behaviour of an individual in a society.
    The role of women has changed significantly in the last century.
  3. The function or position of something.
    Local volunteers played an important role in cleaning the beach after the oil spill.
    What rôle does the wax in your earhole fulfill?
    • 2013 May-June, Katrina G. Claw, “Rapid Evolution in Eggs and Sperm”, American Scientist, volume 101, number 3: 
      In plants, the ability to recognize self from nonself plays an important role in fertilization, because self-fertilization will result in less diverse offspring than fertilization with pollen from another individual.
  4. Designation that denotes an associated set of responsibilities, knowledge, skills, and attitudes
    The project manager role is responsible for ensuring that everyone on the team knows and executes his or her assigned tasks.
  5. (grammar): The function of a word in a phrase.
    • 1984, David M. Perlmutter, Carol G. Rosen, Studies in relational grammar: Volume 2
      Examining these verbs one by one, what one finds is that Auxiliary Selection does correlate in the expected way with the two kinds of optional transitivity, confirming that with each predicate, one semantic role has a fixed link with initial 1-hood, another with initial 2-hood.


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Etymology 1[edit]

From German Rolle, from Old French rolle, role ‎(parchment scroll, inventory), from Latin rotula, rotulus ‎(little wheel), which is a

External links[edit]

  • role in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • role in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

dimunitive of rota ‎(wheel).[1]


role f

  1. role, part (of an actor) [19th c.]
  2. lines (spoken text of an actor playing a part)
  3. role (e. g. of a person in a society)
  4. (linguistics) role (function of a constituent in a clause)
  5. scroll [19th c.]
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Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *orlьja, from*orati.[2]


role f

  1. (obsolete, literary) field (area to grow crops) [14th c.]
  2. old unit of field measurement
  3. (obsolete, literary) area, domain (of activity)
    • 1910, Antonín Zoglmann, “Paměti starého učitele. (II.)”, in Český lid, volume XIX, Praha: F. Šimáček, page 412–418:
      […] horlivý, tichý pracovník na roli školské […]
      […] avid, quiet worker in the domain of education […]
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  1. ^ "role1" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, Leda, 2015, ISBN 978-80-7335-393-3, page 598.
  2. ^ "role2" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, Leda, 2015, ISBN 978-80-7335-393-3, page 598.




  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of rolar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of rolar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of rolar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of rolar