rota

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Rota, rotá, rotà, rotą, ròta, rōta, röta, and rȫta

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin rota (wheel).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rota (plural rotas)

  1. (Britain) A schedule that allocates some task, responsibility or (rarely) privilege between a set of people according to a (possibly periodic) calendar.
    • 2014 July 25, Paul Rees, “‘We got off the coach and the National Front was there … People spat at us’”, in The Guardian[1]:
      [The manager] instituted a rota for having the players attend supporters’ club meetings throughout the season, telling them it was part of the job of being a footballer.
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

rota (plural rotas)

  1. (music) A kind of zither, played like a guitar, used in the Middle Ages in church music.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for rota in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

rota

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of rotar
  2. second-person singular imperative form of rotar

French[edit]

Verb[edit]

rota

  1. third-person singular past historic of roter

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Verb[edit]

rota (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative rotaði, supine rotað)

  1. to knock out (render unconscious)
  2. to unhair
Conjugation[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

rota f (genitive singular rotu, nominative plural rotur)

  1. rotten spot
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

rota (plural rotas)

  1. wheel

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrɔta/, [ˈr̺ɔː.t̪ä]
  • Hyphenation: rò‧ta

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin rota, from Proto-Indo-European *Hret- (to roll).

Noun[edit]

rota f (plural rote)

  1. Archaic form of ruota.

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

rota

  1. third-person singular present indicative of rotare
  2. second-person singular imperative of rotare

Anagrams[edit]


Kikuyu[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

rota (infinitive kũrota)

  1. to dream

Derived terms[edit]

(Nouns)

References[edit]

  • Armstrong, Lilias E. (1940). The Phonetic and Tonal Structure of Kikuyu, p. 363. Rep. 1967. (Also in 2018 by Routledge).

Latin[edit]

Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la
rota persica (Iranian wheel)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *rotā, from Proto-Indo-European *Hrót-eh₂, from *Hret- (to roll).

Cognate with Sanskrit रथ (rátha, chariot), Lithuanian ratas (wheel), Old High German rad (wheel) (German Rad (wheel)), Albanian rreth. Compare Latin rotundus (round, circular).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rota f (genitive rotae); first declension

  1. wheel
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 2.107–108:
      aureus axis erat, temo aureus, aurea summae
      curvatura rotae, radiorum argenteus ordo
      the axle was of gold, the pole of gold, all of gold
      the rim of the wheels, with a set of silver spokes.
  2. (pars pro toto) a car, a chariot
    Si rota defuerit, tu pede carpe viam.
    If you don't have a car, you'd better make your way on foot.
  3. (figuratively) the disc of the sun
    • c. 99 BCE – 55 BCE, Lucretius, De rerum natura 5:
      Hic neque tum solis rota cerni lumine largo
      altivolans poterat []
      Nor can the sun's disc larger be by much, nor its own blaze much less []

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative rota rotae
Genitive rotae rotārum
Dative rotae rotīs
Accusative rotam rotās
Ablative rotā rotīs
Vocative rota rotae

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Noun 1[edit]

rota f (4th declension)

  1. ornament
  2. decoration
  3. adornment
  4. flower
  5. jewel

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun 2[edit]

rota f (4th declension)

  1. (military) company

Declension[edit]


Lower Sorbian[edit]

Noun[edit]

rota pl (plural only)

  1. Nonstandard spelling of wrota.

Declension[edit]


Maltese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sicilian rota, from Latin rota.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rota f (plural roti)

  1. wheel
  2. bicycle
    Synonyms: bajsikil (less common), biċikletta (rare)

Neapolitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin rota.

Noun[edit]

rota f (plural rote)

  1. wheel

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

rota f sg

  1. definite feminine singular of rot

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

rota

  1. past tense of rote
  2. past participle of rote

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

rota f sg

  1. definite singular of rot

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *rota.

Noun[edit]

rota f

  1. oath
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Czech rota, from Latin [Term?].

Noun[edit]

rota f

  1. rote (musical instrument)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle High German rotte, from Old French rote.

Noun[edit]

rota f

  1. (military) rota (formation)
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • rota in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • rota in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Old French rote (modern French route).

Noun[edit]

rota f (plural rotas)

  1. route (course or way travelled)
    Synonyms: percurso, caminho, curso, rumo, derrota

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin rupta, ruptus.

Noun[edit]

rota f (plural rotas)

  1. combat (a fight or battle)
    Synonyms: luta, combate
  2. (military) defeat
    Synonyms: derrota, perda

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old French rote, from Germanic.

Noun[edit]

rota f (plural rotas)

  1. (music) rota (mediaeval string instrument)

Etymology 4[edit]

Borrowed from Italian rota.

Noun[edit]

rota f (plural rotas)

  1. (Roman Catholicism) rota (ecclesiastical court of appeal)

Noun[edit]

rota f (plural rotas)

Etymology 5[edit]

Borrowed from Malay rotan.

Noun[edit]

rota f (plural rotas)

  1. rattan (any of several species of climbing palm of the genus Calamus)
    Synonyms: rotim, ratã

Etymology 6[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Adjective[edit]

rota

  1. Feminine singular of adjective roto.

Etymology 7[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

rota

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of rotar
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of rotar
  3. feminine singular short past participle of romper

Romani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Romanian roată (wheel), ultimately from Latin rota.

Noun[edit]

rota f (plural roti)

  1. wheel

Shona[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-dóota.

Verb[edit]

-rótá (infinitive kurótá)

  1. dream

Derived terms[edit]


Sicilian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin rota.

Noun[edit]

rota

  1. wheel

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrota/, [ˈrot̪a]

Etymology 1[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Adjective[edit]

rota

  1. Feminine singular of adjective roto.

Verb[edit]

rota

  1. Feminine singular past participle of romper.

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

rota

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of rotar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of rotar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of rotar.