rot

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See also: Rot, rót, röt, rôt, rōt, and rőt

English[edit]

Wikipedia has articles on:

Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English rotten, roten, from Old English rotian ‎(to rot, become corrupted, ulcerate, putrefy), from Proto-Germanic *rutōną ‎(to rot), from Proto-Indo-European *rewd- ‎(to tear). Cognate with West Frisian rotsje ‎(to rot), Dutch rotten ‎(to rot), German verrotten ‎(to rot) and regional rößen ‎(to steep flax), Icelandic rotna ‎(to rot). See rotten.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

rot ‎(third-person singular simple present rots, present participle rotting, simple past and past participle rotted)

  1. (intransitive) To suffer decomposition due to biological action, especially by fungi or bacteria.
    • Alexander Pope
      Fixed like a plant on his peculiar spot, / To draw nutrition, propagate, and rot.
  2. (intransitive) To decline in function or utility.
  3. (intransitive) To deteriorate in any way.
    I hope they all rot in prison for what they've done.
    • Macaulay
      Four of the sufferers were left to rot in irons.
    • Thackeray
      Rot, poor bachelor, in your club.
  4. (transitive) To make putrid; to cause to be wholly or partially decomposed by natural processes.
    to rot vegetable fiber
  5. (transitive) To expose, as flax, to a process of maceration, etc., for the purpose of separating the fiber; to ret.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

rot ‎(plural rots)

  1. The process of becoming rotten; putrefaction.
  2. Any of several diseases in which breakdown of tissue occurs.
    • Milton
      His cattle must of rot and murrain die.
  3. Verbal nonsense.

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Noun[edit]

rot ‎(plural rotte)

  1. rat

See also[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ructus.

Noun[edit]

rot m ‎(plural rots)

  1. belcher

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rot ‎(comparative rotter, superlative rotst)

  1. rotten, spoiled, decayed, putrid
  2. rotten, tedious, unkind, mean

Declension[edit]

Inflection of rot
uninflected rot
inflected rotte
comparative rotter
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial rot rotter het rotst
het rotste
indefinite m./f. sing. rotte rottere rotste
n. sing. rot rotter rotste
plural rotte rottere rotste
definite rotte rottere rotste
partitive rots rotters

Noun[edit]

rot n ‎(plural rotten, diminutive rotje n)

  1. rot, something rotten, something rotting
  2. (military) a file (of men)

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ructus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rot m ‎(plural rots)

  1. (colloquial) belch, burp

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

External links[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ruptus.

Adjective[edit]

rot ‎(feminine rote)

  1. broken

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German rōt ‎(red, red-haired), from Old High German rōt ‎(red, scarlet, purple-red, brown-red, yellow-red), from Proto-Germanic *raudaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rowdʰós, from *h₁rewdʰ-. Compare Low German root, rod, rot, Dutch rood, English red, West Frisian read, Danish rød.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rot ‎(comparative röter or roter, superlative am rötesten or am rotesten)

  1. red (colour)
  2. (politics) red; pertaining to Marxism in the widest sense; social democratic; socialist; communist
  3. (politics, Germany, in particular) pertaining to the social democratic SPD or the more rigidly socialist Linke
  4. (possibly mildly offensive) red-haired
  5. (historical, possibly offensive) redskin; Native American; Indian

Declension[edit]

Comparation with umlaut
Comparation without umlaut

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

External links[edit]

  • rot in Duden online

German Low German[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rot

  1. Alternative spelling of root

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

rot n ‎(genitive singular rots, no plural)

  1. unconsciousness, insensibility
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

rot n ‎(genitive singular rots, nominative plural rot)

  1. rot, decay, putrefaction
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

rot

  1. rafsi of rotsu.

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia no

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse rót, from Proto-Germanic *wrōts, from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds.

Noun[edit]

rot m, f ‎(definite singular rota or roten, indefinite plural røtter, definite plural røttene)

  1. root (part of a plant normally below ground level)
  2. root (of a tooth)
  3. root (of a hair)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

rot

  1. imperative of rote

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse rót, from Proto-Germanic *wrōts, from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds.

Noun[edit]

rot f ‎(definite singular rota, indefinite plural røter, definite plural røtene)

  1. root (of a plant)
  2. root (of a tooth)
  3. root (of a hair)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *raudaz (compare Old Saxon rōd, Old English rēad, Old Norse rauðr, Gothic 𐍂𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃 ‎(rauþs)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rowdʰós, from *h₁rewdʰ-.

Adjective[edit]

rōt

  1. red

Descendants[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse rót, from Proto-Germanic *wrōts, from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rot c

  1. root; the part of a plant under the surface.
  2. the part of a tooth extending into the bone holding the tooth in place
  3. source; an underlying cause
    Kärleken till pengar är roten till allt ont.
    The love of money is the root of all evil.
  4. (mathematics) of a number n, a positive number which, when raised to a specified power, yields n; the square root is understood if no power is specified
    Kubikroten ur 27 är 3.
    The cube root of 27 is 3.
    Multiplicera med roten ur 2.
    Multiply by root 2.
  5. (mathematics) a zero (of a function).
  6. (mathematics) a designated node in a tree.
  7. (mathematics) curl; a measure on how fast a vector field rotates: it can be described as the cross product of del and a given vectorial field
  8. (computing) root directory
  9. (philology) a word from which another word is derived.

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

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See also[edit]


Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English road.

Noun[edit]

rot

  1. road, street
    • '2003, Mühlhäusler et al., Tok Pisin texts, John Benjamins Publishing Company, page 9:
      Planti liklik rot i stap long ailan hia.
      Many little roads exist on this island.

References[edit]

Tok Pisin texts: from the beginning to the present / edited by Peter Mühlhäusler, Thomas E. Dutton, Suzanne Romaine. / John Benjamins Publishing Company / Copyright 2003 / ISBN 90 272 4718 8 / page 106

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