chaos

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See also: Chaos, CHAOS, and chãos

English[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 Chaos (disambiguation) on Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek χάος (kháos, vast chasm, void).

In Early Modern English, used in the sense of the original Greek word. In the meaning "primordial matter" from the 16th century. Figurative usage in the sense "confusion, disorder" from the 17th century. The technical sense in mathematics and science dates from the 1960s.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈkeɪ.ɒs/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈkeɪ.ɑs/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪɒs

Noun[edit]

chaos (usually uncountable, plural chaoses)

  1. The unordered state of matter in classical accounts of cosmogony.
  2. Any state of disorder; a confused or amorphous mixture or conglomeration.
    • (Can we date this quote by Max Roscoe and provide title, author's full name, and other details?), How Your City Is Killing You With Ugliness
      Disorder conveys chaos and makes one feel that no one is in charge.
    • 1977, Irwin Edman, Adam, the Baby, and the Man from Mars, page 54:
      or out of these chaoses order may be made, out of this ferment a clear wine of life. There are chaoses that have gone too far for retrieval
  3. (mathematics) A behaviour of iterative non-linear systems in which arbitrarily small variations in initial conditions become magnified over time.
  4. (fantasy) One of the two metaphysical forces of the world in some fantasy settings, as opposed to law.
  5. (obsolete) A vast chasm or abyss.
  6. (obsolete, rare) A given medium; a space in which something exists or lives; an environment.
    • 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy: [], 2nd corrected and augmented edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 54573970:
      , II.ii.3:
      What is the centre of the earth? is it pure element only, as Aristotle decrees, inhabited (as Paracelsus thinks) with creatures whose chaos is the earth: or with fairies, as the woods and waters (according to him) are with nymphs, or as the air with spirits?

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • (classical cosmogony): cosmos
  • (state of disorder): order

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch chaos, from Middle Dutch caos, from Latin chaos, from Ancient Greek χάος (kháos).

Noun[edit]

chaos (uncountable)

  1. chaos (disorder)
  2. (cosmogony) primordial disorder

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch caos, from Latin chaos, from Ancient Greek χάος (kháos).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈxaː.ɔs/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: cha‧os

Noun[edit]

chaos m (uncountable)

  1. chaos (disorder)
    Synonyms: baaierd, rommel, wanorde, warboel
  2. (cosmogony) primordial disorder

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: chaos
  • West Frisian: gaos
  • Indonesian: kaos

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin chaos, from Ancient Greek χάος (kháos).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

chaos m (uncountable)

  1. chaos

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek χάος (kháos).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

chaos n sg (genitive chaī); second declension

  1. Alternative letter-case form of Chaos

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter, Greek-type), singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative chaos
Genitive chaī
Dative chaō
Accusative chaos
Ablative chaō
Vocative chaos

References[edit]

  • chaos in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • chaos in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[1]
  • chaos in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • chaos in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek χάος (kháos, vast chasm, void).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

chaos m inan

  1. chaos

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • chaos in Polish dictionaries at PWN