混沌

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Chinese[edit]

 
to mix; to get along; thoughtless; confused; dirty; mix
confused; turbid
simp. and trad.
(混沌)
alt. forms 渾沌浑沌
渾敦浑敦 archaic
混淪混沦 archaic
渾淪浑沦 archaic

Etymology[edit]

Old Chinese *guːnʔ duːnʔ. The variant 渾淪浑沦 (húnlún) suggests that this perhaps came from *guːnʔ l̥uːnʔ ~ guːnʔ ruːnʔ, from **gruːnʔ, from the root *k(V)r- ("to flow > to mix > to be turbid, chaotic").

Related to 餛飩馄饨 (húntun, “wonton”) and 雲吞云吞 (yúntūn, “wonton”).

Compare (OC *ɡuːn, *ɡuːnʔ), (OC *ɡuːnʔ, “rapidly flowing water; turbidity; confusedness; unclearness; big; whole”), Korean 흐르— (heureu, “to flow; to float; to fill”), 흐리— (heuri, “to be turbid, unclear, indistinct”), 흐릿하— (heuritha, “to be vague, indistinct”).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/3
Initial () (33) (7)
Final () (55) (55)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuənX/ /duənX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦuonX/ /duonX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuənX/ /duənX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwənX/ /dwənX/
Li
Rong
/ɣuənX/ /duənX/
Wang
Li
/ɣuənX/ /duənX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuənX/ /dʱuənX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hùn dùn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 3/3
No. 7536 12558
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡuːnʔ/ /*duːnʔ/

Noun[edit]

混沌

  1. Hundun, or the unclear, confused and nebulous state of the primordial world
  2. wholeness; inseparability
  3. unclearness; indistinctness; obscurity; vagueness; obfuscation
  4. silliness; stupidity
  5. (mythology) hundun, legendary faceless creature
  6. (physics) chaos

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (混沌):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
こん
Grade: 5
とん
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi
Wikipedia-logo.png
 混沌 on Japanese Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Chinese 混沌

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

混沌 (-tari inflection, hiragana こんとん, rōmaji konton)

  1. chaotic

Adverb[edit]

混沌 (hiragana こんとん, rōmaji konton)

  1. chaotically

Noun[edit]

混沌 (hiragana こんとん, rōmaji konton)

  1. chaos
    • 2014 March 8, “オシリスのてんくうりゅう [Osiris the Sky Dragon]”, in 決闘王の記憶 -決闘者の王国編- [Memories of the Duel King -Duelist Kingdom Arc-] (in Japanese), Konami:
       (てん) (くう) (らい) (めい) (とどろ) (こん) (とん) (とき) (つら)なる (くさり) (なか) (いにしえ) () (どう) (しょ) (たば)ね、その (ちから) () (げん) (かぎ)りを (ほこ)らん。
      Tenkū ni raimei todoroku konton no toki, tsuranaru kusari no naka ni inishie no Madōsho o tabane, sono chikara mugen no kagiri o hokoran.
      Such power knows no bounds, it puts the ancient Sorcery Grimoires in tangling chains when chaos roars with thunder in the sky.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

混沌 (hondon) (hangeul 혼돈)

  1. Hanja form? of 혼돈 (chaos).