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U+6587, 文
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6587

[U+6586]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6588]
See also: , 𠬠, and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
文-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 67 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 卜大 (YK), four-corner 00400, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #67, (script).

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 477, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13450
  • Dae Jaweon: page 831, character 39
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2169, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6587

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
文-oracle.svg 文-bronze.svg 文-silk.svg 文-bigseal.svg 文-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mrɯn
*mrɯn
*mrɯn, *mɯn, *mɯns
*mrɯn
*mrɯn
*mɯːl
*mɯːl
*mɯːl
*mɯn
*mɯn
*mɯn
*mɯn
*mɯn
*mɯn
*mɯn
*mɯn, *mɯns
*mɯnʔ, *mɯns
*mɯns

Ideogram (指事): a man with a painted or tattooed chest – original form of . In current form, tattoo has vanished, so simply an outline of a man (head, outstretched arms, legs, chest). Compare , which has no chest.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /uən³⁵/
Harbin /uən²⁴/
Tianjin /vən⁴⁵/
Jinan /uẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /və̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /uən⁴²/
Xi'an /vẽ²⁴/
Xining /uə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /vəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /və̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /vɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /uən²¹³/
Chengdu /uən³¹/
Guiyang /uen²¹/
Kunming /uə̃³¹/
Nanjing /un²⁴/
Hefei /uən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /vəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /uŋ¹³/
Hohhot /və̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /vəŋ²³/
Suzhou /vən¹³/
Hangzhou /ven²¹³/
Wenzhou /vaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /uʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /uɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /uən¹³/
Xiangtan /uən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /un⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /vun¹¹/
Taoyuan /vun¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mɐn²¹/
Nanning /mɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /mɐn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bun³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /uɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /buŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /vun³¹/
/mui³¹/ ~昌

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɨun/
Pan
Wuyun
/miun/
Shao
Rongfen
/miuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mun/
Li
Rong
/miuən/
Wang
Li
/mĭuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯uən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wén
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wén
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjun ›
Old
Chinese
/*mə[n]/
English ornate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13015
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mɯn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Original form of (wén, “mark, pattern, design, tattoo, decoration”).
  2. Original form of (wén, “to tattoo”).
      ―  wénshēn  ―  to tattoo
      ―  wénmiàn  ―  face tattoo
  3. to cover
    /   ―  wénguò  ―  to cover one's fault
    過飾非 / 过饰非  ―  wénguòshìfēi  ―  to whitewash
  4. writing; literary composition; literature
      ―  wénjiàn  ―  document
      ―  wénzhāng  ―  article, essay
  5. literary
  6. Short for 文讀文读 (wéndú, “literary reading”).
  7. written language
    Antonyms: ()
      ―  zhōngwén  ―  Chinese
      ―  yīngwén  ―  English
  8. culture
      ―  wénhuà  ―  culture
      ―  wénmíng  ―  civilization
  9. civil, civilian
    /   ―  wénzhí  ―  civilian post
      ―  wénguān  ―  civil official
      ―  wén  ―  civilian and military
  10. refined; educated; cultured; intellectual
      ―  wén  ―  refined, cultured
      ―  wén  ―  elegant, refined
      ―  wénrén  ―  scholar
  11. Classifier for coins.
  12. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
もん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (mjun, ornate; a kind of coin; language, literature, a letter, a character).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana もん, romaji mon)

  1. the mon, an old currency
  2. a unit of length for measuring the size of one's foot (from the way that the mon coins would be lined up and used as a kind of inch marker)
  3. a character, a letter
  4. writing, something written
  5. a magical spell
  6. (also spelled ) a design, a pattern
  7. (also spelled ) a 家紋(kamon, family crest)
Usage notes[edit]

The design and crest senses are more often spelled .

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぶん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

A later borrowing from Middle Chinese. Compare modern Min Nan reading bûn, Hakka vûn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ぶん, romaji bun)

  1. (grammar) a sentence
  2. writing, composition
  3. a design or pattern as decoration
  4. literature, learning, scholarship
  5. elegance, refinement (especially of writing or wording)
  6. a saying, an aphorism, a proverb
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
ふみ
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Possibly a shift from an older Middle Chinese-derived reading pun.[3] Earlier Japanese writing was ambiguous regarding the final n sound spelled in modern Japanese, with this sound often spelled (and possibly pronounced) as (mu) instead.

*/pumu//pumi//ɸumi/

This reading appears in the Heian period, in works such as The Tale of Genji.[3][1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ふみ, romaji fumi)

  1. writing, something written
  2. a letter (written communication), an epistle
  3. (archaic) study, scholarship (especially of classical Chinese)
  4. a style of 家紋(kamon, family crest)
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
あや
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Uncertain. Appears in texts from the early Heian period.[3][1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あや, romaji aya)

  1. (also spelled , )
    1. a pattern, a design, especially one with diagonally crossing lines
    2. a diagonal crossing
    3. a flowery expression or turn of phrase
    4. a plot, a scheme
    5. a refrain or recurring phrase in a piece of music
    6. a harder vein or grain in a leaf or piece of wood or bamboo
    7. a stain, a blemish
    8. a mediator, a go-between (apparently from the way that a go-between can make the relationship more indirect and indistinct)
    9. a small indistinct fluctuation in a trend line
  2. (also spelled , )
    1. a kind of woven silk textile with a diagonally crossing pattern
    2. short for 綾織(ayaori): a twill weave; someone who weaves twill
    3. short for 綾竹(ayadake): in a loom, a bamboo pole placed between the heddle and the back beam or platen, used to improve the handling
    4. short for 綾取り(ayatori): cat's cradle
Usage notes[edit]

For the second group of senses, the spelling is more common.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(mun)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: mun, Yale: mun)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(văn, vấn)

Compounds[edit]