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See also: , 𠬠, and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
文-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
文-oracle.svg 文-bronze.svg 文-silk.svg 文-bigseal.svg 文-seal.svg

Ideogram (指事): a man with a painted or tattooed chest. In current form, tattoo has vanished, so simply an outline of a man (head, outstretched arms, legs, chest). Compare , which has no chest.

Han character[edit]

(radical 67 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 卜大 (YK), four-corner 00400, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 477, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13450
  • Dae Jaweon: page 831, character 39
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2169, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6587

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /uən³⁵/
Harbin /uən²⁴/
Tianjin /vən⁴⁵/
Jinan /uẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /və̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /uən⁴²/
Xi'an /vẽ²⁴/
Xining /uə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /vəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /və̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /vɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /uən²¹³/
Chengdu /uən³¹/
Guiyang /uen²¹/
Kunming /uə̃³¹/
Nanjing /un²⁴/
Hefei /uən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /vəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /uŋ¹³/
Hohhot /və̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /vəŋ¹³/
Suzhou /vən¹³/
Hangzhou /ven²¹³/
Wenzhou /vaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /uʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /uɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /uən¹³/
Xiangtan /uən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /un⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /vun¹¹/
Taoyuan /vun¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mɐn²¹/
Nanning /mɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /mɐn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bun³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /uɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /buŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /vun³¹/
/mui³¹/ ~昌
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (4)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɨun/ /mi̯uən/ /miuən/ /miun/ /mun/ /mĭuən/ /miuən/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
wén ‹ mjun › /*mə[n]/ ornate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13015 1 /*mɯn/

Noun[edit]

  1. (written) language
      ―  zhōngwén  ―  Chinese
      ―  yīngwén  ―  English
  2. writing; literary composition; literature
      ―  wénjiàn  ―  document
      ―  wénzhāng  ―  article, essay
  3. culture
      ―  wénhuà  ―  culture
      ―  wénmíng  ―  civilization
  4. Abbreviation of 文讀文读 (wéndú, “literary reading”).
See also[edit]
  • (, “spoken language”)

Adjective[edit]

  1. literary
  2. civil, civilian
    /   ―  wénzhí  ―  civilian post
      ―  wénguān  ―  civil official
      ―  wén  ―  civilian and military
  3. refined; educated; cultured; intellectual;
      ―  wén  ―  refined, cultured
      ―  wén  ―  elegant, refined
      ―  wénrén  ―  scholar

Verb[edit]

  1. to tattoo
      ―  wénshēn  ―  to tatooo
      ―  wénmiàn  ―  face tattoo
  2. to cover
    /   ―  wén guò  ―  to cover one's fault
    過飾非 / 过饰非  ―  wénguòshìfēi  ―  to whitewash

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.

Classifier[edit]

  1. (archaic) measure word for coins

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ぶん, romaji bun)

  1. (grammar) sentence

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana もん, romaji mon)

  1. old currency [1]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ふみ, romaji fumi)

  1. letter

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(mun)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: mun, McCune-Reischauer: mun, Yale: mun)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Sino-Vietnamese: văn, vấn; Non-Sino-Vietnamese: von)

Compounds[edit]