Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai MU.png
U+3080, む
HIRAGANA LETTER MU

[U+307F]
Hiragana
[U+3081]

Japanese[edit]

Stroke order
3 strokes

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

Syllable[edit]

(romaji mu)

  1. The hiragana syllable (mu). Its equivalent in katakana is (mu). It is the thirty-third syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ma-gyō u-dan, row ma, section u).
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

On’yomi of several Chinese characters.

Affix[edit]

(rōmaji mu)

  1. : spear; lance
  2. : work; job; serve, service
  3. : no; not; non-; un-
  4. : fog; mist
  5. : dream
  6. : Used in transliteration.
  7. :
  8. : grave; tomb

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see  (“six”).
(This term, , is a hiragana spelling of .)

Etymology 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see  (“body”).
(This term, , is a hiragana spelling of .)

Etymology 5[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

(rōmaji mu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Etymology 6[edit]

From Old Japanese.

Suffix[edit]

(rōmaji -mu)

  1. (Classical Japanese, jodōshi) Used to form the conjectural form of verbs, equivalent to modern (-u) / よう (-yō).
Usage notes[edit]

Conjugation: defective, with the 終止形 (shūshikei, terminal form) and the 連体形 (rentaikei, attributive form) (mu), which was also written as (n), and the 已然形 (izenkei, realis form) (me). In Old Japanese, the 未然形 (mizenkei, irrealis form) (ma) is also seen in the -ku nominal form まく (maku).

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN