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Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai MU.svg
U+3080, む
HIRAGANA LETTER MU

[U+307F]
Hiragana
[U+3081]

Japanese[edit]

Stroke order
3 strokes

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

Pronunciation[edit]

Syllable[edit]

(romaji mu)

  1. The hiragana syllable (mu). Its equivalent in katakana is (mu). It is the thirty-third syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ma-gyō u-dan, row ma, section u).
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
1
[noun] six
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.
For a list of all kanji read as , not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as む.)

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
3
[noun] (only in compounds) a body
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.
For a list of all kanji read as , not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as む.)

Etymology 4[edit]

Onomatopoeia.

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

(mu

  1. Used to indicate a mumbling sound.

Etymology 5[edit]

From Old Japanese.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

This term is obsolete. The suffix (mu) in Classical Japanese texts is now read as (n).

Suffix[edit]

(-muyodan

  1. (Classical Japanese, after mizenkei) Used to form the volitional form of verbs, equivalent to modern (-u > -ō) / よう (-yō).
    c. late 9th–mid-10th century, Taketori Monogatari
    (われ)こそ()
    Ware koso shiname.
    I would rather die myself.
    ()(たか)し。()()
    Nari takashi. Nari yamamu.
    You are too noisy. Be quiet
Conjugation[edit]
  • Resembling yodan conjugation, but defective.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

On’yomi of various Chinese characters.

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries.
4
[noun] nothing, nothingness
[noun] (Buddhism) mu; the null set: neither yes nor no (in response to a koan or other question that mistakenly assumes an affirmative or negative answer).
[prefix] non-, un-
5
[affix] dream
[affix] illusion
[affix] vision
[affix] fantasy
5
[affix] military, martial
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above Sino-Japanese terms.
For a list of all kanji read as , not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as む.)

(The following entries are uncreated: , , , , .)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan