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Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai MU.png
U+3080, む
HIRAGANA LETTER MU

[U+307F]
Hiragana
[U+3081]

Japanese[edit]

Stroke order
3 strokes

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

Pronunciation[edit]

Syllable[edit]

(romaji mu)

  1. The hiragana syllable (mu). Its equivalent in katakana is (mu). It is the thirty-third syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ma-gyō u-dan, row ma, section u).
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
1
[noun] six
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.
For a list of all kanji read as , not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as む.)

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
3
[noun] (only in compounds) a body
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.
For a list of all kanji read as , not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as む.)

Etymology 4[edit]

Onomatopoeia.

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

(mu

  1. Used to indicate a mumbling sound.

Etymology 5[edit]

From Old Japanese.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

This term is obsolete. The suffix (mu) in Classical Japanese texts is now read as (n).

Suffix[edit]

(-mu

  1. (Classical Japanese) Used to form the conjectural form of verbs, equivalent to modern (-u > -ō) / よう (-yō).
Usage notes[edit]

Conjugation: defective, with the 終止形 (shūshikei, terminal form) and the 連体形 (rentaikei, attributive form) (mu), which was also written as (n), and the 已然形 (izenkei, realis form) (me). In Old Japanese, the 未然形 (mizenkei, irrealis form) (ma) is also seen in the -aku nominal form まく (maku).

Attaches to the 未然形 (mizenkei, irrealis form).

This word is morphologically an inflectional suffix. It is classified as 助動詞 (jodōshi, auxiliary verb) in traditional Japanese grammar.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

On’yomi of various Chinese characters.

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries.
4
[noun] nothing, nothingness
[noun] (Buddhism): The null set: neither yes nor no (in response to a koan or other question that mistakenly assumes an affirmative or negative answer).
[prefix] non-, un-
5
[affix] dream
[affix] illusion
[affix] vision
[affix] fantasy
5
[affix] military, martial
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above Sino-Japanese terms.
For a list of all kanji read as , not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as む.)

(The following entries are uncreated: , , , , .)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan