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See also:
U+77DB, 矛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-77DB

[U+77DA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+77DC]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
矛-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 110 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 弓戈弓竹 (NINH), four-corner 17222)

  1. Kangxi radical #110, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 821, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23846
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1233, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2764, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+77DB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
矛-bronze.svg 矛-seal.svg 矛-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*muː, *mu
*muːʔ, *moːɡ
*ml'uː, *mljiwʔ, *ml'us
*mruː
*mruː, *muːŋ
*mruː, *mu, *mo, *moɡs
*mruː
*moːɡs, *mroːɡ
*moːɡs
*mus
*mus, *mu, *muːŋ, *muːŋs
*mus
*mus
*mu
*mu
*mu, *muːŋ
*mu
*mu, *moːɡ
*ml'us
*ml'us, *mlju
*mlju
*mju
*mju, *mjuʔ, *mjus
*mju
*mju
*mju
*mju, *mjuʔ
*mju, *mjus
*mju
*mju
*mju
*mjuʔ
*mjuʔ, *mjus
*mjuʔ, *mjus
*mjuʔ
*moʔ, *mos
*moɡs
*moɡs, *moːɡ
*moɡs
*moɡs
*moɡs, *moːŋ
*moɡs
*moɡs, *moːŋ
*moːŋ, *moːŋs
*moːɡ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • bâu/mâu - literary;
  • mô͘ - vernacular (俗).
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mɨu/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /miu/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /miəu/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /muw/
    Li
    Rong
    /miu/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭəu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯ə̯u/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    móu
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    máo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mjuw ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m(r)u/
    English a kind of lance

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 8814
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mu/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. spear; lance

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ほこ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ほこ, rōmaji hoko)

    1. a Chinese spear; a lance; a halberd

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (mo) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer mo, Yale mo)

    1. spear
    2. lance
    3. KangXi radical #110

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.