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Translingual[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
矛-bronze.svg 矛-bigseal.svg 矛-seal.svg
Stroke order
矛-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 110 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 弓戈弓竹 (NINH), four-corner 17222)

  1. spear, lance
  2. KangXi radical 110

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 821, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23846
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1233, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2764, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+77DB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (4)
Final: (136)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: móu
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/mɨu/ /miu/ /miəu/ /muw/ /miu/ /mĭəu/ /mi̯ə̯u/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
máo ‹ mjuw › /*m(r)u/ a kind of lance

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8814 1 /*mu/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほこ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ほこ, romaji hoko)

  1. a Chinese spear; a lance; a halberd

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(mo) (hangeul , revised mo, McCune-Reischauer mo, Yale mo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.