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U+77DB, 矛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-77DB

[U+77DA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+77DC]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
矛-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 110 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 弓戈弓竹 (NINH), four-corner 17222)

  1. Kangxi radical #110, (spear).

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 821, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23846
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1233, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2764, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+77DB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
矛-bronze.svg 矛-bigseal.svg 矛-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*muː, *mu
*muːʔ, *moːɡ
*ml'uː, *mljiwʔ, *ml'us
*mruː
*mruː, *muːŋ
*mruː, *mu, *mo, *moɡs
*mruː
*moːɡs, *mroːɡ
*moːɡs
*mus
*mus, *mu, *muːŋ, *muːŋs
*mus
*mus
*mu
*mu
*mu, *muːŋ
*mu
*mu, *moːɡ
*ml'us
*ml'us, *mlju
*mlju
*mju
*mju, *mjuʔ, *mjus
*mju
*mju
*mju
*mju, *mjuʔ
*mju, *mjus
*mju
*mju
*mju
*mjuʔ
*mjuʔ, *mjus
*mjuʔ, *mjus
*mjuʔ
*moʔ, *mos
*moɡs
*moɡs, *moːɡ
*moɡs
*moɡs
*moɡs, *moːŋ
*moɡs
*moɡs, *moːŋ
*moːŋ, *moːŋs
*moːɡ

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/miu/
Shao
Rongfen
/miəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/muw/
Li
Rong
/miu/
Wang
Li
/mĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
móu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
máo
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*m(r)u/
English a kind of lance

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8814
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mu/

Definitions[edit]

  1. spear; lance

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほこ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ほこ, romaji hoko)

  1. a Chinese spear; a lance; a halberd

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(mo) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer mo, Yale mo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.