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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *moɡs): phonetic  ‎(OC *moʔ, *mos) + semantic  ‎(strength)

Han character[edit]

(radical 19 +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓竹竹水尸 (NHHES) or 弓竹人大尸 (NHOKS), four-corner 18227, composition)

  1. affairs, business
  2. must, should

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 148, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2394
  • Dae Jaweon: page 334, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2765, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+52D9

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (4)
Final: (24)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: wù
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/mɨoH/ /mioH/ /mioH/ /muə̆H/ /mioH/ /mĭuH/ /mi̯uH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ mjuH › /*m(r)o-s/ exert oneself

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8849 0 /*moɡs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. business
  2. 服务 service

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(mu) (hangeul , revised mu, McCune-Reischauer mu)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(vụ, kiết)

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