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See also:
U+52D9, 務
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-52D9

[U+52D8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+52DA]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 19, +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓竹竹水尸 (NHHES) or 弓竹人大尸 (NHOKS), four-corner 18227, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 148, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2394
  • Dae Jaweon: page 334, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2765, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+52D9

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *moɡs): phonetic  (OC *moʔ, *mos) + semantic  (strength).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *mow (to work; to move) (STEDT). Cognate with (OC *mus, “to strive”), Garo mo (to move), Jingpho mu ⪤ ə mu (work; labor), Burmese မူ (mu, to pursue some course of action; to act).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɨoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/mioH/
Shao
Rongfen
/mioH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/muə̆H/
Li
Rong
/mioH/
Wang
Li
/mĭuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*m(r)o-s/
English exert oneself

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8849
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*moɡs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to be engaged in; to be devoted to
    /   ―    ―  service
  2. to seek; to pursue
  3. business; affairs
  4. must; should; be sure to
  5. 26th tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "endeavor" (𝌟)
  6. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: () (mu)
  • Korean: (, mu)
  • Vietnamese: vụ ()

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum (mu))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: vụ, kiết

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.