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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
亡-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
亡-oracle.svg 亡-bronze.svg 亡-silk.svg 亡-bigseal.svg 亡-seal.svg

Older form have a man behind something 𠃊, hiding.

have been replaced by in modern form.

Is also interpreted as a Pictogram (象形) : a picture of a broken sickle, meaning destroyed/dead.

References[edit]

  • McNaughton, William (2005) Reading & Writing Chinese: Simplified Character Edition, 2nd Edition edition, Tuttle, ISBN 978-0804835091, page 18
  • “亡”, in 字源[1] (in Mandarin), accessed 2014-02-22

Han character[edit]

(radical 8 +1, 3 strokes, cangjie input 卜女 (YV), four-corner 00710, composition𠃊)

  1. death, destroyed
  2. lose, perish

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 88, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 287
  • Dae Jaweon: page 184, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 279, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+4EA1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (4)
Final: (106)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: wáng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/mʉɐŋ/ /mʷiɐŋ/ /miuɑŋ/ /muaŋ/ /miuaŋ/ /mĭwaŋ/ /miwaŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
wáng ‹ mjang › /*maŋ/ flee; disappear; die

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12662 0 /*maŋ/

Verb[edit]

  1. to die, to perish
    死亡 (sǐwáng)
  2. to flee, to hide
    逃亡
  3. to loose

Adjective[edit]

  1. deceased
  2. subjugated
    亡國亡国 (wángguó)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. destroy
  2. fall; collapse
  3. not exist; nonexistent
  4. run away

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(mang, mu) (hangeul , , revised mang, mu, McCune-Reischauer mang, mu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(vong, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]