死人

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Chinese[edit]

to die; dead; death man; person; people
simp. and trad.
(死人)
alt. forms 死儂死侬 Min

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

死人

  1. dead person (Classifier: )
    死人這不警察 [MSC, trad.]
    死人这不警察 [MSC, simp.]
    Jiē shàng tǎng zhe ge sǐrén, zhè bù jǐngchá gāng dào. [Pinyin]
    A dead person is lying on the road, and the police has just arrived.
  2. corpse (Classifier: )
  3. (colloquial, slightly vulgar, often humorous) unpleasant person; bastard; son of a bitch (Classifier: )
    這個死人哪裡手機 [MSC, trad.]
    这个死人哪里手机 [MSC, simp.]
    Nǐ zhège sǐrén sǐ dào nǎlǐ qù le, dǎ shǒujī yě bù jiē. [Pinyin]
    Where the hell have you been? Why are you not answering my calls? (said by wife)

Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

死人

  1. (of a person) to die
    工廠死人 / 工厂死人  ―  Gōngchǎng lǐ yòu sǐrén la.  ―  Another person has died in the factory.
  2. (usually in exaggerations) to make people die; to be dangerous
    這樣死人 / 这样死人  ―  Zhèyàng zuò huì sǐrén de.  ―  Someone might die if you do it this way.
    東西不會死人什麼 [MSC, trad.]
    东西不会死人什么 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhè dōngxi chī le yòu bùhuì sǐrén, pà shénme. [Pinyin]
    What are you afraid of? Eating this stuff won't make you die.

Adjective[edit]

死人

  1. (Cantonese, vulgar) damn; wretched; stupid; goddamn
    死人原子筆 [Guangzhou Cantonese, trad.]
    𠮶死人原子笔 [Guangzhou Cantonese, simp.]
    Go2 zi1 sei2 jan4 jyun4 zi2 bat1 sei2 zo2 heoi3 bin1 aa3? [Jyutping]
    Where's that goddamn pen?

Synonyms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

死人

  1. (analysable as (, “intensifying adverb”) + (rén, “person”)) to death; to be ... enough to make people die, an intensifying suffix; an augmented form of "adj. + 人" phrases (usually expressing frustration, discomfort, surprise)
    小孩死人 [MSC, trad.]
    小孩死人 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhè bāng xiǎohái zhēn néng qì sǐ rén. [Pinyin]
    This group of kids is truly a headache.
    兒子整天琢磨怎麼女朋友心思根本學習死人 [MSC, trad.]
    儿子整天琢磨怎么女朋友心思根本学习死人 [MSC, simp.]
    Érzǐ zhěngtiān zhuómó zěnme zhuī dào nǚpéngyǒu, xīnsī gēnběn bù zài xuéxí shàng, zhēn chóu sǐ rén le. [Pinyin]
    My son is thinking about ways to pursue a girlfriend all day; his mind is just not on studying at all. It's worrying me to death.
    死人 / 死人 [Cantonese]  ―  wan2 sei2 jan4 [Jyutping]  ―  a huge pain in the ass to find

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
にん
Grade: 1
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 死人 (sijX nyin, literally die, death + person).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

死人 (hiragana しにん, rōmaji shinin)

  1. a dead person, the dead
    (2003) Hellsing vol. 6, chapter 40 最終的な想像 5 (Final Fantasy 5), page 59:
     () (にん) (しゃべ)るな!
    Shinin ga shaberu na!
    The dead don't speak!
Synonyms[edit]
Idioms[edit]
Coordinate terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
ひと > びと
Grade: 1
jūbakoyomi

Compound of (shi, death, dead) +‎ (hito, person).[2][1] The hito changes to bito as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

死人 (hiragana しびと, rōmaji shibito)

  1. (rare) a dead person, the dead
Usage notes[edit]

The shinin reading is more common in modern Japanese when this term is used in isolation. The shibito reading is common in certain derived compounds.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
し(に)
Grade: 3
ひと > びと
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Compound of 死に (shini, dying, death) +‎ (hito, person).[2][1] The hito changes to bito as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

死人 (hiragana しにびと, rōmaji shinibito)

  1. (obsolete) a dead person, the dead
Usage notes[edit]

The shinin reading is more common in modern Japanese.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan