Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +13, 21 strokes, cangjie input 金十戈土 (CJIG), four-corner 83150, composition𢧜)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1323, character 37
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40945
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1823, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4261, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9435

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l̥ʰiːɡ): semantic  + phonetic 𢧜

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *hljak ‎(iron). Cognate with Tibetan ལྕགས ‎(lcags).

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (6)
Final: (87)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: tie
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰet̚/ /tʰet̚/ /tʰɛt̚/ /tʰɛt̚/ /tʰet̚/ /tʰiet̚/ /tʰiet̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
tiě ‹ thet › /*l̥ˤik/ iron

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1447 2 /*l̥ʰiːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. iron (Fe)
  2. railway
  3. arms; weapon
  4. strong; solid; firm
  5. ironclad; hard
  6. intimate
  7. ruthless
  8. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. iron

Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Not used in modern Japanese. Superseded by the shinjitai form .


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(cheol)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: ch'ŏl, Yale: chel)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: soe, McCune-Reischauer: soe)
  • This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]

  • 繼鐵 (계철)
  • 電鐵 (전철)
  • 地下鐵 (지하철)

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thiết, sắt)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.