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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +5, 13 strokes, cangjie input 金竹手人 (CHQO), composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1300, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40285
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1802, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4186, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+9244

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. iron

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Chinese (/thet/). Compare modern simplified Mandarin ‎(tiě).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana てつ, romaji tetsu)

  1. iron, the metal and the metallic chemical element
  2. (more generally) steel
  3. (figuratively) a blade, a knife, a sword, a weapon
  4. (figuratively) something extremely strong
  5. short for 鉄色 ‎(tetsu iro, steely black)
  6. short for 鉄砲 ‎(teppō, literally “cannon”, but in this case, refers to the poisonous fugu blowfish or dishes made from it)
Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Compound of ‎(kuro, black) +‎ ‎(kane, metal). The kane changes to gane due to rendaku (連濁). Compare the black in English blacksmith.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana くろがね, romaji kurogane)

  1. (archaic) iron
  2. (figuratively) something extremely strong

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Japanese.

The four kanji spellings of this term, ‎(gold), ‎(silver), ‎(copper), and (“iron”), hint at the importance of each of these four metals in ancient Japan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana かね, romaji kane)

  1. Alternative spelling of metal; money
Usage notes[edit]

The spelling is the most common for this term.