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U+9244, 鉄
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9244

[U+9243]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9245]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from (𢧜).

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +5, 13 strokes, cangjie input 金竹手人 (CHQO), composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1300, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40285
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1802, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4186, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+9244

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. iron

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Chemical element
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Kanji in this term
てつ
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Borrowing from Middle Chinese (/tʰet̚/, iron). Compare modern Mandarin reading tiě, Hakka thiet.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana てつ, romaji tetsu)

  1. iron, the metal and the metallic chemical element
  2. (more generally) steel
  3. (figuratively) a blade, a knife, a sword, a weapon
  4. (figuratively) something extremely strong
  5. short for 鉄色(tetsu iro, steely black)
  6. short for 鉄砲(teppō, literally “cannon”, but in this case, refers to the poisonous fugu blowfish or dishes made from it)
Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
くろがね
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Compound of (kuro, black) +‎ (kane, metal).[2][1] The kane changes to gane as an instance of rendaku (連濁). Compare the black in English blacksmith.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana くろがね, romaji kurogane)

  1. (archaic) iron
  2. (figuratively) something extremely strong

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
かね
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.[2]

The four kanji spellings of this term, (gold), (silver), (copper), and (“iron”), hint at the importance of each of these four metals in ancient Japan.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana かね, romaji kane)

  1. Alternative spelling of metal; money
Usage notes[edit]

The spelling is the most common for this term.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan