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U+9ED2, 黒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9ED2

[U+9ED1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9ED3]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Glyph origin[edit]

Variant of . Simplified from , replacing two dots with one stroke. The modern Japanese usage is of reform (shinjitai) nature. Compare , the shinjitai of .

Han character[edit]

(radical 203 +0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 田土火 (WGF) or X田土火 (XWGF), composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 1518, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48040
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2052, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 7, page 4743, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9ED2

Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. black

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(kuro): the colour black.
Kanji in this term
くろ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Via root morpheme *kur, cognate with kuri (, "black mud from the bed of a body of water"),[1] noun kura (, "darkness; deception"; , , "[dark] storehouse") > adjective kurai (暗い, "dark"), verb kuru > kureru (暮れる, "to become dark; to near the end [of a day, of a year, of a life]"; 暗れる, 眩れる, "to become depressed, to become dreary of mood"). Compare Proto-Turkic *kara (black), Mongolian хар (har, black).

Possibly cognate with Korean 구름 (gureum, cloud); compare also Japanese (kumo, cloud) and Korean * (geom, black), root morpheme of 검다 (geomda, to be black, ve​rb), 검은 (geomeun, black, adjective).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana くろ, rōmaji kuro)

  1. black (color)
  2. (Magic: The Gathering) black
  3. a 女房詞 (nyōbō kotoba, woman's word) for (nabe, pot, pan) or (kama, pot, kettle)
  4. (accounting) short for 黒字 (kuroji): black as an accounting term, indicating a profit
  5. (euphemistic) short for 黒幕 (kuromaku): a black curtain, a euphemism for someone influencing or controlling matters from behind the scenes
  6. guilt; the guilty one, the guilty party
  7. (slang) anarchy as a belief system or philosophy; an anarchist

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in Japanese ·  (いろ) (iro) (layout · text)
      (しろ) (shiro)      灰色 (はいいろ) (haiiro),
鼠色 (ねずみいろ) (nezumiiro) (dated)
      (くろ) (kuro)      茶色 (ちゃいろ) (chairo),
褐色 (かっしょく) (kasshoku)
             ピンク (pinku),
桃色 (ももいろ) (momoiro)
              (あか) (aka),  (しん) () (shinku),
クリムゾン (kurimuzon),
紅色 (べにいろ) (beniiro),
紅色 (くれないいろ) (kurenaiiro)
             オレンジ (orenji),
橙色 (だいだいいろ) (daidaiiro)
              (きい) () (kiiro), クリーム (いろ) (kurīmuiro)
             黄緑 (きみどり) (kimidori)               (みどり) (midori),
 (あお) (ao) (dated)
             {{{mint green}}}, {{{dark green}}}              シアン (shian),  (かも)羽色 (はねいろ) (kamo no hane iro)
             水色 (みずいろ) (mizuiro)               (あお) (ao)              菫色 (すみれいろ) (sumireiro), 藍色 (あいいろ) (aiiro),
インジゴ (injigo)
             マゼンタ (mazenta),  (むらさき) (murasaki)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9