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U+58A8, 墨
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-58A8

[U+58A7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+58A9]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 田土火土 (WGFG), four-corner 60104, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 238, character 40
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5469
  • Dae Jaweon: page 478, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 487, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+58A8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mrɯɡs
*ʔmrɯːd
*mlɯːɡ
*mlɯːɡ
*mɯːɡ
*hmlɯːɡ
*hmlɯːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mlɯːɡ): phonetic (OC *hmlɯːɡ) + semantic (soil).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-maŋ ~ s-mak. Cognate with (OC *hmlɯːɡ, “black”).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (131)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/mək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/mək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mək̚/
Li
Rong
/mək̚/
Wang
Li
/mək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ mok ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.mˤək/
English ink

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5106
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mlɯːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Chinese ink or ink in general
  2. black; ink-coloured; dark
  3. (historical) to tattoo the face
  4. (figuratively) to embezzle
  5. (figuratively) someone's poetry, essays handwriting or painting
  6. (figuratively) learning; knowledge
  7. Short for 墨家 (“Mohism”).
  8. Short for 墨西哥 (Mòxīgē, “Mexico”).

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Others:


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. ink
  2. Mexico

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
すみ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana すみ, romaji sumi)

  1. ink

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(muk) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Miyako[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana っふぃ, romaji ffi)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana っふぃ, romaji ffi)

  1. ink

Southern Amami-Oshima[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana すぃみ, romaji sïmi)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana すぃみ, romaji sïmi)

  1. ink

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mặc, mức, mực)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.