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U+58A8, 墨
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-58A8

[U+58A7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+58A9]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32, +12 in Chinese, 土+11 in Japanese, 15 strokes in Chinese, 14 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 田土火土 (WGFG), four-corner 60104, composition(GTHKV) or ⿱(J))

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 238, character 40
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5469
  • Dae Jaweon: page 478, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 487, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+58A8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mrɯɡs
*ʔmrɯːd
*mlɯːɡ
*mlɯːɡ
*mɯːɡ
*hmlɯːɡ
*hmlɯːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mlɯːɡ): phonetic  (OC *hmlɯːɡ) + semantic  (soil).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-maŋ ~ s-mak. Cognate with (OC *hmlɯːɡ, “black”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • bia̍k/be̍k - literary;
  • ba̍k - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (131)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mək̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /mək̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /mək̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /mək̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /mək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /mək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mok ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.mˤək/
    English ink

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 5106
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mlɯːɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Chinese ink or ink in general
    2. black; ink-coloured; dark
    3. (historical) to tattoo the face
    4. (figuratively) to embezzle
    5. (figuratively) someone's poetry, essays, handwriting, or paintings
    6. (figuratively) learning; knowledge
    7. Short for 墨家 (Mòjiā, “Mohism”).
    8. Short for 墨西哥 (Mòxīgē, “Mexico”).

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese:  (ぼく) (boku)
    • Korean: (, muk)
    • Vietnamese: mặc ()

    Others:


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. ink
    2. Mexico

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    すみ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana すみ, rōmaji sumi)

    1. ink

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (muk) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Miyako[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana っふぃ, romaji ffi)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana っふぃ, romaji ffi)

    1. ink

    Southern Amami-Oshima[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana すぃみ, romaji sïmi)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana すぃみ, romaji sïmi)

    1. ink

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (mặc, mức, mực)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.