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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 田土火土 (WGFG), four-corner 60104, composition)

  1. ink
  2. writing
  3. Mexico (abbreviation of 墨西哥)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 238, character 40
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5469
  • Dae Jaweon: page 478, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 487, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+58A8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-maŋ ~ s-mak. Cognate with (hēi).

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (4)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mək̚/ /mək̚/ /mək̚/ /mək̚/ /mək̚/ /mək̚/ /mək̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ mok › /*C.mˤək/ ink

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5106 0 /*mlɯːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. ink
  2. writing
  3. black
  4. a dark shade
  5. Short for 墨西哥 (Mòxīgē, “Mexico”).

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Others:


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. ink

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
すみ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana すみ, romaji sumi)

  1. ink

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(muk) (hangeul , revised muk, McCune-Reischauer muk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Miyako[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana っふぃ, romaji ffi)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana っふぃ, romaji ffi)

  1. ink

Southern Amami-Oshima[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana すぃみ, romaji sïmi)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana すぃみ, romaji sïmi)

  1. ink

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mặc, mức, mực)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.