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U+83AB, 莫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-83AB

[U+83AA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+83AC]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 廿日大 (TAK), four-corner 44430, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1035, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31078
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1494, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3217, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+83AB

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
莫-oracle.svg 莫-bronze.svg 莫-silk.svg 莫-bigseal.svg 莫-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mraː
*mraːɡs
*maːl
*maː
*maː, *maːɡ
*maː
*maː
*maː, *maːɡ
*maː
*maːɡs
*maːɡs
*maːɡs
*maːɡs
*maːɡs
*maːɡ
*maːɡ
*maːɡ
*maːɡ
*maːɡ
*maːɡ
*maːɡ
*maːɡ
*maːɡ, *mraːɡ
*maːɡ
*mraːɡ
*mraːɡ

Pictogram (象形) – the sun () sinking into the bushes (); dusk. Original form of (OC *maːɡs, “dusk”).

The bottom was later distorted into .

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

From (OC *ma, “there is no”) + distributive suffix *-k (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • mŏ̤h - vernacular (“don't”);
  • mŏk - literary.
Note:
  • bo̍k - literary;
  • bo̍h - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /mo⁵¹/
Harbin /mɤ⁵³/
Tianjin /mo⁵³/
Jinan /mə²¹/
Qingdao /mə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /mo²⁴/
Xi'an /mo²¹/
Xining /mɔ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /muə¹³/
Lanzhou /mə¹³/
Ürümqi /mɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /mo²¹³/
Chengdu /mo³¹/
Guiyang /mo²¹/
Kunming /mo³¹/
Nanjing /moʔ⁵/
Hefei /mɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /maʔ²/
Pingyao /mʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /maʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /moʔ¹/
Suzhou /noʔ³/
Hangzhou /moʔ²/
Wenzhou /mo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /mɔʔ²¹/
Tunxi /mo¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /mo²⁴/
Xiangtan /mo²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /mɔʔ²/
/mɵʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /mok̚⁵/
Taoyuan /mok̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mɔk̚²/
Nanning /mɔk̚²²/
Hong Kong /mɔk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bɔk̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /moʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /mz̩²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /mok̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /vo³³/ 不要
/mo³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (103)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɑk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/mɑk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/mɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mak̚/
Li
Rong
/mɑk̚/
Wang
Li
/mɑk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mɑk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ mak › ‹ mak ›
Old
Chinese
/*mˤak/ /*mˤak/
English there is no X such that X deliberate (v.) (loan)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9252
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*maːɡ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. none; nothing; not anything
  2. (literary or dialectal Mandarin, dialectal Cantonese, Gan, Hakka, Min Dong) do not; don't; must not
  3. particle indicating a rhetorical question
  4. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“do not”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 1
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan 不要
Harbin
Jinan 別價甭價不要
Muping
Luoyang
Jiedian 不要
Xi'an 不敢
Xining
Xuzhou
Lanzhou 不要
Ürümqi
Wuhan 1
Chengdu 1不要
Guiyang 不要
Liuzhou 1莫要
Yangzhou 1不要
Nanjing 不要
Hefei 不要
Cantonese Guangzhou 唔好
Hong Kong 唔好
Shunde
Zhongshan
Dongguan 唔好
Hong Kong (Weitou) 唔好
Taishan 唔好
Doumen 唔好
Kaiping 唔好
Shaoguan
Yunfu 唔好
Yangjiang 1無好
Xinyi
Lianjiang
Nanning 冇要
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang 1
Lichuan 毋要不要
Pingxiang 不要
Hakka Meixian 1毋愛毋好
Xingning 毋愛
Huidong 毋好
Qujiang 毋好
Xiaosanjiang 毋好
Changting 毋要
Liancheng 毋要
Ninghua 毋要
Yudu 毋要毋敢
Ruijin 毋要
Shicheng 毋要
Shangyou 毋要
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 毋好
Liudui (S. Sixian) 毋好
Hsinchu (Hailu) 毋好
Dongshi (Dabu) 毋好
Zhuolan (Raoping) 毋好
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 毋好
Hong Kong 毋好
Sabah 毋愛
Senai 毋好
Huizhou Shexian 不要
Tunxi 不要
Jixi 不要
Jin Taiyuan 不要不敢
Xinzhou 不要
Min Bei Jian'ou 伓敢伓讓1
Min Dong Fuzhou 伓通1
Fuqing 伓通
Matsu 1
Min Nan Xiamen 毋通毋愛2
Quanzhou 毋通毋愛
Zhangzhou 毋通2
Taipei 2
Kaohsiung 2
Tainan 2
Lukang 2
Sanxia 莫去
Yilan 毋通2
Pingnan
Chaozhou 2
Johor Bahru
Haikou 無用2無莫
Leizhou 無地
Pinghua Nanning 冇要
Wu Shanghai 勿要𧟰
Suzhou 𧟰
Hangzhou
Wenzhou 𧟰
Chongming 𧟰
Danyang 弗要𫸻
Jinhua 𫸻弗要弗用
Ningbo
Xiang Changsha 1不要
Shuangfeng 1
Loudi 不要1
Quanzhou

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms


Contraction of 毋愛毋爱 (m̄-ài).

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

(Min Nan)

  1. do not; don't; must not
  2. to not want

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“do not”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 1
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan 不要
Harbin
Jinan 別價甭價不要
Muping
Luoyang
Jiedian 不要
Xi'an 不敢
Xining
Xuzhou
Lanzhou 不要
Ürümqi
Wuhan 1
Chengdu 1不要
Guiyang 不要
Liuzhou 1莫要
Yangzhou 1不要
Nanjing 不要
Hefei 不要
Cantonese Guangzhou 唔好
Hong Kong 唔好
Shunde
Zhongshan
Dongguan 唔好
Hong Kong (Weitou) 唔好
Taishan 唔好
Doumen 唔好
Kaiping 唔好
Shaoguan
Yunfu 唔好
Yangjiang 1無好
Xinyi
Lianjiang
Nanning 冇要
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang 1
Lichuan 毋要不要
Pingxiang 不要
Hakka Meixian 1毋愛毋好
Xingning 毋愛
Huidong 毋好
Qujiang 毋好
Xiaosanjiang 毋好
Changting 毋要
Liancheng 毋要
Ninghua 毋要
Yudu 毋要毋敢
Ruijin 毋要
Shicheng 毋要
Shangyou 毋要
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 毋好
Liudui (S. Sixian) 毋好
Hsinchu (Hailu) 毋好
Dongshi (Dabu) 毋好
Zhuolan (Raoping) 毋好
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 毋好
Hong Kong 毋好
Sabah 毋愛
Senai 毋好
Huizhou Shexian 不要
Tunxi 不要
Jixi 不要
Jin Taiyuan 不要不敢
Xinzhou 不要
Min Bei Jian'ou 伓敢伓讓1
Min Dong Fuzhou 伓通1
Fuqing 伓通
Matsu 1
Min Nan Xiamen 毋通毋愛2
Quanzhou 毋通毋愛
Zhangzhou 毋通2
Taipei 2
Kaohsiung 2
Tainan 2
Lukang 2
Sanxia 莫去
Yilan 毋通2
Pingnan
Chaozhou 2
Johor Bahru
Haikou 無用2無莫
Leizhou 無地
Pinghua Nanning 冇要
Wu Shanghai 勿要𧟰
Suzhou 𧟰
Hangzhou
Wenzhou 𧟰
Chongming 𧟰
Danyang 弗要𫸻
Jinhua 𫸻弗要弗用
Ningbo
Xiang Changsha 1不要
Shuangfeng 1
Loudi 不要1
Quanzhou

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. Original form of (, “dusk; late”).
  2. a kind of vegetable

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(mak, mo) (hangeul , , revised mak, mo, McCune-Reischauer mak, mo, Yale mak, mo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mạc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.