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U+83AB, 莫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-83AB

[U+83AA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+83AC]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140, +7, 11 strokes in traditional Chinese and Korean, 10 strokes in mainland China and Japanese, cangjie input 廿日大 (TAK), four-corner 44430, composition or ⿱)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1035, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31078
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1494, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3217, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+83AB

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
莫-oracle.svg 莫-bronze.svg 莫-silk.svg 莫-seal.svg 莫-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – the sun () sinking into the bushes (); dusk. Original form of (OC *maːɡs, “dusk”).

The bottom was later distorted into .

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

From (OC *ma, “there is no”) + distributive suffix *-k (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • mŏ̤h - vernacular (“don't”);
  • mŏk - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • bo̍k - literary;
    • bo̍h - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /mo⁵¹/
    Harbin /mɤ⁵³/
    Tianjin /mo⁵³/
    Jinan /mə²¹/
    Qingdao /mə⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /mo²⁴/
    Xi'an /mo²¹/
    Xining /mɔ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /muə¹³/
    Lanzhou /mə¹³/
    Ürümqi /mɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /mo²¹³/
    Chengdu /mo³¹/
    Guiyang /mo²¹/
    Kunming /mo³¹/
    Nanjing /moʔ⁵/
    Hefei /mɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /maʔ²/
    Pingyao /mʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /maʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /moʔ¹/
    Suzhou /noʔ³/
    Hangzhou /moʔ²/
    Wenzhou /mo²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /mɔʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /mo¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /mo²⁴/
    Xiangtan /mo²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /mɔʔ²/
    /mɵʔ²/
    Hakka Meixian /mok̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /mok̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /mɔk̚²/
    Nanning /mɔk̚²²/
    Hong Kong /mɔk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bɔk̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /moʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /mz̩²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /mok̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /vo³³/ 不要
    /mo³³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (103)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mɑk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /mɑk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /mɑk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /mak̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /mɑk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /mɑk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mɑk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mak › ‹ mak ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mˁak/ /*mˁak/
    English there is no X such that X deliberate (v.) (loan)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9252
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*maːɡ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. none; nothing; not anything
    2. (literary or dialectal Mandarin, dialectal Cantonese, Gan, Hakka, Min Dong) do not; don't; must not
    3. particle indicating a rhetorical question
    4. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    alternative forms

    Contraction of 毋愛毋爱 (m̄-ài).

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    (Min Nan)

    1. do not; don't; must not
      [Min Nan]  ―  Mài bong góa! [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  Don't touch me!
    2. to not want

    Synonyms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Original form of (, “dusk; late”).
    2. a kind of vegetable

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. late
    2. end
    3. not be
    4. must not

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (mak, mo) (hangeul , )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: mạc ((mạt)(các)(thiết))[1][2][3]
    : Nôm readings: mác[1][2][3][4][5][6], mạc[1][2][5][6], mếch[1]

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]