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U+672B, 末
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-672B

[U+672A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+672C]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
5 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 木十 (DJ), four-corner 50900, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 509, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14420
  • Dae Jaweon: page 891, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1150, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+672B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Ideogram (指事): a tree () with its top highlighted with an extra stroke, implying the meaning of “apex”; contrast , .

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • boa̍h - vernacular;
  • boa̍t - literary.
Note:
  • bhuah8 - vernacular;
  • muêg8, muag8 - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /mo⁵¹/
    Harbin /mɤ⁵³/
    Tianjin /mo⁵³/
    Jinan /mə²¹/
    Qingdao /mə⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /mo²⁴/
    Xi'an /mo²¹/
    Xining /mɔ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /muə¹³/
    Lanzhou /mə¹³/ ~尾
    /mə⁴⁴²/ ~~子
    Ürümqi /mɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /mo²¹³/
    Chengdu /mo³¹/
    Guiyang /mo²¹/
    Kunming /mo³¹/
    Nanjing /moʔ⁵/
    Hefei /mɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /maʔ²/
    Pingyao /mʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /maʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /məʔ¹/
    Suzhou /məʔ³/
    Hangzhou /moʔ²/
    Wenzhou /mø²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /mɔ²²/
    Tunxi /mo¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /mo²⁴/
    Xiangtan /mo²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /mɵʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /mat̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /mɑt̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /mut̚²/
    Nanning /mut̚²²/
    Hong Kong /mut̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /buat̚⁵/
    /buaʔ⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /muaʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /muɛ⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /muak̚⁵/
    /buaʔ⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /muak̚⁵/
    /muak̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (64)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /muɑt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /mʷɑt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /muɑt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /mwat̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /muɑt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /muɑt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /muɑt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    mut6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mat ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mˁat/
    English end of a branch

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9223
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*maːd/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. tip; treetop
        ―  shāo  ―  tip; end
    2. (by extension) effect; result
        ―  běn  ―  cause and effect
    3. late or the last stage; conclusion; close
      Antonyms: (shǒu), (chū), (shǐ)
        ―  yuè  ―  month-end
        ―  Míng Qīng chū  ―  late-Ming and early-Qing era
      提到  ―  wén tídào  ―  Toward the end of the article, it was mentioned…
    4. final; the last; concluding; closing; terminal
      Antonyms: (shǒu), (chū), (shǐ)
        ―  dài  ―  the last (in one's lineage)
        ―    ―  doomsday; apocalypse
      時期 / 时期  ―  fǎ shíqī  ―  Dharma-ending age
    5. insignificant; trivial; inferior; low-priority; low-class
      捨本逐 / 舍本逐  ―  shěběnzhú  ―  pursuing the unimportant while neglecting the essential
    6. powder; fine particulate matter
        ―  fěn  ―  powder
    7. (literary, dated) not; none; no (negative indicator)
      Synonyms: (wèi), (), ()
    8. mo (a category of male roles in traditional Chinese theatre and opera)

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /mo⁵¹/
    Harbin /mɤ⁵³/
    Tianjin /mo⁵³/
    Jinan /mə²¹/
    Qingdao /mə⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /mo²⁴/
    Xi'an /mo²¹/
    Xining /mɔ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /muə¹³/
    Lanzhou /mə¹³/ ~尾
    /mə⁴⁴²/ ~~子
    Ürümqi /mɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /mo²¹³/
    Chengdu /mo³¹/
    Guiyang /mo²¹/
    Kunming /mo³¹/
    Nanjing /moʔ⁵/
    Hefei /mɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /maʔ²/
    Pingyao /mʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /maʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /məʔ¹/
    Suzhou /məʔ³/
    Hangzhou /moʔ²/
    Wenzhou /mø²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /mɔ²²/
    Tunxi /mo¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /mo²⁴/
    Xiangtan /mo²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /mɵʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /mat̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /mɑt̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /mut̚²/
    Nanning /mut̚²²/
    Hong Kong /mut̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /buat̚⁵/
    /buaʔ⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /muaʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /muɛ⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /muak̚⁵/
    /buaʔ⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /muak̚⁵/
    /muak̚³/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Same as (me).

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    すえ
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. First attested in the Kojiki of 712.[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (すえ) (sueすゑ (suwe)?

    1. [from 720] the tip or top of a plant
      1. a twig or shoot
        Synonym: 枝先 (edasaki)
      2. a treetop
        Synonym: (kozue)
    2. [from 712] the tip or end of something
      Synonyms: (saki), 先端 (sentan)
    3. [from 720] the top or peak of a mountain
      Synonyms: (itadaki), 山頂 (sanchō)
    4. [from 1205] the edge or verge of a road or field
      Synonym: 外れ (hazure)
    5. [from early 1000s] a descendant
      Synonyms: 足末 (anasue), 子孫 (shison)
    6. [from 720] the future, later, after
      Synonyms: (future) 未来 (mirai), (future) 将来 (shōrai), (later) (nochi)
    7. [from early 800s] the end of a period of time
      Synonyms: 終わり (owari), 末期 (makki)
    8. [from early 1000s] (by extension) old age, the end period of a lifetime
      Synonym: 晩年 (bannen, literally evening years)
    9. [from 1435] (by extension) a degraded world, a world with low morals and corrupt politics
      Synonym: 末の世 (sue no yo)
    10. [from late 1500s] the end of a month, the latter third of a month
      Synonym: 下旬 (gejun)
    11. [from early 1000s] some time considerably later
    12. [from early 1000s] the result, outcome, or trace, remains of something having been done
      Synonyms: (result) 結果 (kekka), 名残 (nagori, trace, remains)
    13. [from 1120] the direction in which someone has gone or will go
      Synonym: 方向 (hōkō)
    14. [from early 1000s] the youngest or last child
      Synonym: 末子 (sueko)
    15. [from early 1000s] youth, childhood
      Synonym: 幼少 (yōshō)
    16. [from early 1000s] the lowest seat, the seat at the foot of a table; the lowest rank
      Synonyms: 末座 (matsuza), 末席 (masseki), 下座 (shimoza)
    17. [from early 900s] the last two seven-mora stanzas or lines of a 短歌 (tanka) poem
      Synonyms: 下の句 (shimo no ku), 下句 (shimoku)
    18. [from early 1000s] the end of a sentence or word
      Synonyms: (of a sentence) 文末 (bunmatsu), (of a word) 語尾 (gobi)
    19. [from mid-1000s] the latter portion of a book or serial
      Synonym: 後編 (kōhen)
    20. [from 1182] the origin, the starting point
      Synonyms: (origin) (moto), (starting point) 起点 (kiten)
    21. [from 1435] (historical) the interior rooms of a palace or manor where maids worked; a maid who worked in such a household
      Synonym: 御末 (osue)
    22. [from 1682] a low class or grade; an item of low class or grade
      Synonyms: (low class or grade) 下級 (kakyū), (item of low class or grade) 下級品 (kakyūhin), (low class or grade) 下等 (katō), (item of low class or grade) 下等品 (katōhin)
    23. [unknown] something minor, a trifle
    24. [from 1179] downstream
      Synonyms: 川下 (kawashita), 下流 (karyū)
    25. [from late 800s] (kagura, music) in a 神楽 (kagura) performance, the seats on the right side facing the altar or shrine; the performers playing in these seats
      Synonym: 末方 (suekata)

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    うら
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. First attested in the Man'yōshū completed in 759.[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (うら) (ura

    1. [from 759] (archaic) the tip or top of a plant
      1. a twig or shoot
        Synonym: 枝先 (edasaki)
      2. a treetop
        Synonym: (kozue)
    2. [from late 1500s] (archaic) the tip or end of something
      Synonyms: (sue), (saki), 先端 (sentan)

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    うれ
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. First attested in the Man'yōshū completed in 759.[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (うれ) (ure

    1. [from 759] (archaic) the tip or top of a plant
      1. a twig or shoot
        Synonym: 枝先 (edasaki)
      2. a treetop
        Synonym: (kozue)

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    まつ
    Grade: 4
    goon

    From Middle Chinese (MC muɑt̚).

    First attested in Japanese in 1120.[1]

    Noun[edit]

    (まつ) (matsu

    1. [from 1120] powder
      Synonyms: (kona), 粉末 (funmatsu)
    2. [from 1804] (theater) in traditional Chinese theater, an extra, a minor part
      Synonym: (extra or minor part in any theatrical tradition) 端役 (hayaku)

    Suffix[edit]

    (まつ) (-matsu

    1. [from at least 1911] the end of a period of time

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun (kkeut mal))

    1. (): the end, last, low
    2. (가루): flour, powder
    3. (허드레): something coarse, improper, inferior, trivial

    Compounds[edit]

    end, last
    flour, powder
    something coarse

    Usage notes[edit]

    1. ^ This was authored by several scholars at the direction of King Sejong of Yi Dynasty, concerning the folk medical herb gathering by month.
    2. ^ Cited by: 南廣祐 (1997). 敎學古語辭典. 敎學社. p. 538.
    3. ^ "" is a hanja rendering for 말밤(mal-bam), the origin of 마름(mareum, ) "water caltrop, water chestnut," literally, "coarse chestnut" such as "horse-chestnut".
    4. ^ Meaning "water caltrop, (also implausibly) water chestnut." Another likely literal reading is malryul.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: mạt, mất, mặt, mết, mệt, mượt

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.