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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
末-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Ideogram (指事): a tree () with its top highlighted with an extra stroke, implying the meaning of “apex”; contrast . (Alternatively, with fully developed fruit; contrast .)

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 木十 (DJ), four-corner 50900)

Antonyms[edit]

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 509, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14420
  • Dae Jaweon: page 891, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1150, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+672B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /mo⁵¹/
Harbin /mɤ⁵³/
Tianjin /mo⁵³/
Jinan /mə²¹/
Qingdao /mə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /mo²⁴/
Xi'an /mo²¹/
Xining /mɔ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /muə¹³/
Lanzhou /mə¹³/ ~尾
/mə⁴⁴²/ ~~子
Ürümqi /mɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /mo²¹³/
Chengdu /mo³¹/
Guiyang /mo²¹/
Kunming /mo³¹/
Nanjing /moʔ⁵/
Hefei /mɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /maʔ²/
Pingyao /mʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /maʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /məʔ¹/
Suzhou /məʔ³/
Hangzhou /moʔ²/
Wenzhou /mø²¹³/
Hui Shexian /mɔ²²/
Tunxi /mo¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /mo²⁴/
Xiangtan /mo²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /mɵʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /mat̚⁵/
Taoyuan /mɑt̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mut̚²/
Nanning /mut̚²²/
Hong Kong /mut̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /buat̚⁵/
/buaʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /muaʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /muɛ⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /muak̚⁵/
/buaʔ⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /muak̚⁵/
/muak̚³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (4)
Final: (64)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: mò
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/muɑt̚/ /mʷɑt̚/ /muɑt̚/ /mwat̚/ /muɑt̚/ /muɑt̚/ /muɑt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ mat › /*mˤat/ end of a branch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9223 1 /*maːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. final, last, end
  2. insignificant

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana すえ, romaji sue, historical hiragana すゑ)

  1. end, last
  2. last child, youngest child
  3. triviality

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana まつ, romaji matsu)

  1. the end
  2. powder

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana うら, romaji ura)

  1. (archaic) tip, top end

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana うれ, romaji ure)

  1. (archaic) the trunk or leaves of a tree
  2. (archaic) the tips of the branches of a tree

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(mal) (hangeul , revised mal, McCune-Reischauer mal, Yale mal)

  1. (): the end, last, low
  2. (가루): flour, powder
  3. (허드레): something coarse, improper, inferior, trivial

Compounds[edit]

end, last
flour, powder
something coarse

Usage notes[edit]

  1. ^ This was authored by several scholars at the direction of King Sejong of Yi Dynasty, concerning the folk medical herb gathering by month.
  2. ^ Cited by: 南廣祐 (1997). 敎學古語辭典. 敎學社. p. 538.
  3. ^ "" is a hanja rendering for 말밤(mal-bam), the origin of 마름(mareum, ) "water caltrop, water chestnut," literally, "coarse chestnut" such as "horse-chestnut".
  4. ^ Meaning "water caltrop, (also implausibly) water chestnut." Another likely literal reading is malryul.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mạt, mất, mặt, mết, mệt, mượt)

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