flour

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

flour

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Spelled (until about 1830) and meaning flower in the sense of flour being the "finest portion of ground grain" (compare French fleur de farine, fine fleur). Doublet of flower.

The U.S. standard of identity comes from 21CFR137.105.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈflaʊə/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈflaʊɚ/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aʊə(r)
  • Homophone: flower (for people who pronounce flour as two syllables or flower as one)

Noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

flour (usually uncountable, plural flours)

  1. Powder obtained by grinding or milling cereal grains, especially wheat, or other foodstuffs such as soybeans and potatoes, and used to bake bread, cakes, and pastry.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, “Foreword”, in The China Governess[1]:
      Everything a living animal could do to destroy and to desecrate bed and walls had been done. […]  A canister of flour from the kitchen had been thrown at the looking-glass and lay like trampled snow over the remains of a decent blue suit with the lining ripped out which lay on top of the ruin of a plastic wardrobe.
  2. (US standards of identity) The food made by grinding and bolting cleaned wheat (not durum or red durum) until it meets specified levels of fineness, dryness, and freedom from bran and germ, also containing any of certain enzymes, ascorbic acid, and certain bleaching agents.
  3. Powder of other material.
    wood flour, produced by sanding wood
    mustard flour
  4. Obsolete form of flower.
    that nobody is wished to see my dead body. & that no murnurs walk behind me at my funeral. & that no flours be planted on my grave. — Thomas Hardy, The Mayor of Casterbridge.

Synonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

  • (ground material): meal

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Drehu: falawa
  • Maori: parāoa
  • West Uvean: falawa

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

flour (third-person singular simple present flours, present participle flouring, simple past and past participle floured)

  1. (transitive) To apply flour to something; to cover with flour.
  2. (transitive) To reduce to flour.
  3. (intransitive) To break up into fine globules of mercury in the amalgamation process.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Cornish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

flour

  1. flower, choice (best of a collective)

Noun[edit]

flour m (plural flourys)

  1. (botany) flower
  2. flower (the best of a collective)

Synonyms[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Anglo-Norman flur, from Latin flōrem, accusative of flōs. More at flower.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

flour (plural floures)

  1. A flower (often representing impermanence or beauty)
    • c. 1400, Geoffrey Chaucer, “General Prologue”, in The Canterbury Tales, lines 1-4:
      Whan that Apꝛill, with his ſhouꝛes ſoote /, The dꝛoghte of March hath perced to the roote / And bathed every veyne in ſwich licouꝛ / Of which vertu engendꝛed is the flouꝛ []
      When that April, with its sweet showers / Has pierced March's drought to the root / And bathed every vein in fluid such that / with its power, the flower is made []
  2. A depiction or likeness of a flower.
  3. Success or achievement in a contest; victoriousness.
  4. A virtue or benefit; something desirable.
  5. That which is unparalleled; the top or most superior.
  6. Flour (i.e. the best part of a grain)
  7. A powder; especially one which is white like flour.
  8. An exemplar or example of a trait or behaviour.
  9. A woman's menstruation/period.
  10. (rare) Virginhood; sexual abstinence.
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English flōr.

Noun[edit]

flour

  1. Alternative form of flor

Occitan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan flor, from Latin flōs, flōrem, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰleh₃- (flower, blossom).

Noun[edit]

flour f (plural flours)

  1. (Mistralian) flower

Old French[edit]

Noun[edit]

flour f (oblique plural flours, nominative singular flour, nominative plural flours)

  1. Alternative form of flor
    • 1377, Bernard de Gordon, Fleur de lis de medecine (a.k.a. lilium medicine), page 136 of this essay:
      non pasque les flours touchent a la chair nue car ce seroit doubte que les porres ne se clousissent et de fievre putride.
      but not that the flowers should touch the naked flesh because this may cause the pores to shut with a putrid fever.

Romansch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Puter, Vallader) flur
  • (Sursilvan) flura

Etymology[edit]

From Latin flōs, flōrem, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰleh₃- (flower, blossom).

Noun[edit]

flour f (plural flours)

  1. (Surmiran) flower

Scots[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English flour, from Anglo-Norman flur, from Latin flōrem, accusative of flōs. More at English flower.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

flour (plural flours)

  1. a flower
  2. a bouquet (bunch of flowers)
  3. (uncountable) Wheat flour

Verb[edit]

flour (third-person singular present flours, present participle flourin, past flourt, past participle flourt)

  1. to embroider