ard

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English[edit]

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 ard (plough) on Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

20th-century, borrowed from Norwegian ard (plough), itself inherited from Old Norse arðr, from Proto-Germanic *arþrą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂érh₃trom.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ard (plural ards)

  1. A simple plough consisting of a spike dragged through the soil.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Common Turkic *ārt.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ard (definite accusative ardı, plural ardlar)

  1. back, rear
    Synonyms: arxa, dal
    Antonyms: qabaq, ön
  2. sequel, continuation; something which is continued
    Synonyms: davam, dal

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse arðr (plough, ard), from Proto-Germanic *arþrą, cognate with Swedish årder and Norwegian Bokmål ard (whence (English ard). The Germanic word is related to Latin arātrum (plough) and Ancient Greek ἄροτρον (árotron, plough).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ard c (singular definite arden, plural indefinite arder)

  1. (historical) plough, ard

Inflection[edit]


Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish ard, from Proto-Celtic *ardwos (compare Welsh ardd) from Proto-Indo-European *h₃erdʰ- (compare Latin arduus).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ard (genitive singular masculine aird, genitive singular feminine airde, plural arda, comparative airde)

  1. high, tall
  2. loud
  3. ambitious

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • airde f (height; elevation; altitude; level; volume, pitch)
  • ard- (high; arch-, chief; excellent, noble; advanced)

Noun[edit]

ard m (genitive singular aird, nominative plural arda)

  1. height, hillock
  2. top, high part
  3. elevation (of land)
  4. head (of sand, clay)
  5. rise
  6. ascent

Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
ard n-ard hard t-ard
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish ard, from Proto-Celtic *ardwos (compare Welsh ardd) from Proto-Indo-European *h₃erdʰwós, from *h₃erdʰ- (compare Latin arduus).

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ø(r)d/

Adjective[edit]

ard (plural ardey, comparative yrjey)

  1. high
  2. tall

Noun[edit]

ard m (genitive singular ard, plural ardjyn)

  1. height, high place

Noun[edit]

ard m (genitive singular ard, plural ardjyn)

  1. compass point
  2. pole

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Northern Kurdish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Persian آرد(ârd).

Noun[edit]

ard ?

  1. flour

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *ardwos (compare Welsh ardd) from Proto-Indo-European *h₃erdʰwós, from *h₃erdʰ- (compare Latin arduus).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ard

  1. high
Inflection[edit]
o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative ard ard ard
Vocative aird*
ard**
Accusative ard aird
Genitive aird airde aird
Dative ard aird ard
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative aird arda
Vocative ardu
arda
Accusative ardu
arda
Genitive ard
Dative ardaib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

Noun[edit]

ard n

  1. height
Inflection[edit]
Neuter o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ardN ardN ardL, arda
Vocative ardN ardN ardL, arda
Accusative ardN ardN ardL, arda
Genitive airdL ard ardN
Dative ardL ardaib ardaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Descendants[edit]
  • Irish: ard
  • Manx: ard
  • Scottish Gaelic: àrd

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ard unchanged n-ard
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Verb[edit]

ard

  1. first-person singular present indicative of arde
  2. first-person singular present subjunctive of arde
  3. third-person plural present indicative of arde