ard

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See also: ARD, àrd, -ard, ard-, and 'ard

English[edit]

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 Ard (plough) on English Wikipedia

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Etymology[edit]

20th-century borrowing from Norwegian ard ‎(plough).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ard ‎(plural ards)

  1. A simple plough consisting of a spike dragged through the soil.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish ard, from Proto-Celtic *ardwos (compare Welsh ardd) from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erHdʰwós, from *h₂erHdʰ- (compare Latin arduus).

Adjective[edit]

ard ‎(genitive singular masculine aird, genitive singular feminine airde, plural arda, comparative airde)

  1. high, tall
  2. loud
  3. ambitious

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • airde f ‎(height; elevation; altitude; level; volume, pitch)
  • ard- ‎(high; arch-, chief; excellent, noble; advanced)

Noun[edit]

ard m ‎(genitive singular aird, nominative plural arda)

  1. height, hillock
  2. top, high part
  3. elevation (of land)
  4. head (of sand, clay)
  5. rise
  6. ascent

Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
ard n-ard hard t-ard
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "ard" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 ard” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • “árd” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • Franz Nikolaus Finck, 1899, Die araner mundart, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, vol. II, 16.

Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish ard, from Proto-Celtic *ardwos (compare Welsh ardd) from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erHdʰwós, from *h₂erHdʰ- (compare Latin arduus).

Adjective[edit]

ard ‎(plural ardey, comparative yrjey)

  1. high
  2. tall

Noun[edit]

ard m ‎(genitive singular [please provide], plural [please provide])

  1. height, high place

Noun[edit]

ard m ‎(genitive singular ard, plural ardjyn)

  1. compass point
  2. pole

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • 1 ard” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *ardwos (compare Welsh ardd) from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erHdʰwós, from *h₂erHdʰ- (compare Latin arduus).

Adjective[edit]

ard

  1. high

Noun[edit]

ard n, m ‎(?)

  1. height
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Noun[edit]

ard f

  1. dog collar

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ard unchanged n-ard
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • 1 ard” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • 2 ard” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Romanian[edit]

Verb[edit]

ard

  1. first-person singular present tense form of arde.
  2. first-person singular subjunctive form of arde.
  3. third-person plural present tense form of arde.