ard

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See also: ARD, àrd, ård, -ard, ard-, and 'ard

English[edit]

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 ard (plough) on Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

20th-century borrowing from Norwegian ard(plough).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ard ‎(plural ards)

  1. A simple plough consisting of a spike dragged through the soil.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish ard, from Proto-Celtic *ardwos (compare Welsh ardd) from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erHdʰwós, from *h₂erHdʰ- (compare Latin arduus).

Adjective[edit]

ard ‎(genitive singular masculine aird, genitive singular feminine airde, plural arda, comparative airde)

  1. high, tall
  2. loud
  3. ambitious

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • airde f(height; elevation; altitude; level; volume, pitch)
  • ard-(high; arch-, chief; excellent, noble; advanced)

Noun[edit]

ard m ‎(genitive singular aird, nominative plural arda)

  1. height, hillock
  2. top, high part
  3. elevation (of land)
  4. head (of sand, clay)
  5. rise
  6. ascent

Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
ard n-ard hard t-ard
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "ard" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 ard” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • “árd” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • Franz Nikolaus Finck, 1899, Die araner mundart, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, vol. II, 16.

Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish ard, from Proto-Celtic *ardwos (compare Welsh ardd) from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erHdʰwós, from *h₂erHdʰ- (compare Latin arduus).

Adjective[edit]

ard ‎(plural ardey, comparative yrjey)

  1. high
  2. tall

Noun[edit]

ard m ‎(genitive singular [please provide], plural [please provide])

  1. height, high place

Noun[edit]

ard m ‎(genitive singular ard, plural ardjyn)

  1. compass point
  2. pole

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • 1 ard” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *ardwos (compare Welsh ardd) from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erHdʰwós, from *h₂erHdʰ- (compare Latin arduus).

Adjective[edit]

ard

  1. high
Inflection[edit]

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Noun[edit]

ard n, m

  1. height
Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

ard f

  1. dog collar
Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ard unchanged n-ard
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • 1 ard” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • 2 ard” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Romanian[edit]

Verb[edit]

ard

  1. first-person singular present tense form of arde.
  2. first-person singular subjunctive form of arde.
  3. third-person plural present tense form of arde.