ön

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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Azerbaijani[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic өн
Roman ön
Perso-Arabic اؤن

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *öŋ, *oŋ. Cognate with Old Turkic [script needed] (öŋ, front, face).

Noun[edit]

ön (definite accusative önü, plural önlər)

  1. front
    Synonym: qabaq
    Antonyms: arxa, dal

Declension[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Lexicalization of the prefix ön- (self-). Proposed by István Széchenyi in analogy with the German form of address Sie, and popularized during the Hungarian language reform which took place in the 18th–19th centuries.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈøn]
  • (file)

Pronoun[edit]

ön

  1. (personal) you (formal)

Usage notes[edit]

Even though both ön and maga are used with the formal third-person verb forms, ön is generally considered more polite and respectful, but also more formal and distant. The choice between the two is also subject to the speakers' age and respective social status, as well as regional distribution, with younger generations and urban dwellers preferring ön over maga.[2]

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -ö-, front rounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative ön önök
accusative önt önöket
dative önnek önöknek
instrumental önnel önökkel
causal-final önért önökért
translative önné önökké
terminative önig önökig
essive-formal önként önökként
essive-modal
inessive önben önökben
superessive önön önökön
adessive önnél önöknél
illative önbe önökbe
sublative önre önökre
allative önhöz önökhöz
elative önből önökből
delative önről önökről
ablative öntől önöktől

Derived terms[edit]

(Compound words):

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN
  2. ^ György Rákosi: Maga vagy ön? in Névmásblog, 15 September 2014

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

ön

  1. indefinite plural of ö
  2. definite singular of ö

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Turkic [script needed] (öŋ), from Proto-Turkic *öŋ, *oŋ.

Noun[edit]

ön (definite accusative önü, plural önler)

  1. front

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative ön
Definite accusative önü
Singular Plural
Nominative ön önler
Definite accusative önü önleri
Dative öne önlere
Locative önde önlerde
Ablative önden önlerden
Genitive önün önlerin
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular önüm önlerim
2nd singular önün önlerin
3rd singular önü önleri
1st plural önümüz önlerimiz
2nd plural önünüz önleriniz
3rd plural önleri önleri

Antonyms[edit]