dal

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: daL, dał, dął, dál, dâl, -dal, -dál, Dal, and дал

Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Symbol[edit]

dal

  1. (metrology) Symbol for decaliter (decalitre), an SI unit of fluid measure equal to 101 liters (litres).

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hindi दाल (dāl).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /dɑːl/
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɑːl

Noun[edit]

dal (countable and uncountable, plural dals)

  1. Any of many dried husked pulses (legume), including peas, beans and lentils.
  2. A dish made from lentils, cooked with spices, tomatoes and onions etc.
    • 1934, George Orwell, chapter 6, in Burmese Days[2]:
      A stout Burmese woman, wife of a constable, was kneeling outside the cage ladling rice and watery dahl into tin pannikins.
  3. A tropical herb with yellow flowers; the pigeon pea.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch dal, from Old Dutch dal, from Proto-Germanic *dalą (valley, dale), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰol-, *dʰel- (an arch, vaulting, curve, curvature, cavity).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dal (plural dale)

  1. dale, valley

References[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *dala,[1] from Proto-Indo-European *dʰelh₁- (compare Ancient Greek θάλλω (thállō, to grow, bloom, thrive), Welsh deillio (to emanate, derive)).[2]

Verb[edit]

  • (active) dal (first-person singular past tense dola, participle dalë)
  1. (active) I exit, go out
  2. (active) I leave
  • (passive) dílet (first-person singular past tense -, participle dalë)
  1. (passive, impersonal) come(s); do(es) come (only 3rd person)

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • [3] active verb dal (aorist dola (dóla); dalë (dálë)) • Fjalor Shqip (Albanian Dictionary)
  • [4] passive (impersonal) verb dilet (dílet) (3rd person) • Fjalor Shqip (Albanian Dictionary)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “dal”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 54
  2. ^ Demiraj, Bardhyl (1997) Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies: Investigations into the Albanian Inherited Lexicon] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7)‎[1] (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 120

Azerbaijani[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with Chagatai and Ottoman Turkish دال(dal, back). Compare also dialectal Turkish dal (back; arm; shoulder), Kyrgyz далы (dalı, shoulder blade).

Possibly of Mongolic origin, compare Mongolian дал (dal, shoulder; shoulder blade).

Noun[edit]

dal (definite accusative dalı, plural dallar)

  1. back, rear
    Synonyms: arxa, ard
    Antonyms: qabaq, ön
  2. (anatomy) back
    Synonyms: bel, kürək
  3. bottom, buttocks, nates, posterior, seat
    Synonym: (vulgar) göt
  4. (dated) end
    Synonym: son
  5. (colloquial) sequel, continuation; something which is continued
    Synonyms: ard, davam
Declension[edit]
    Declension of dal
singular plural
nominative dal
dallar
definite accusative dalı
dalları
dative dala
dallara
locative dalda
dallarda
ablative daldan
dallardan
definite genitive dalın
dalların
    Possessive forms of dal
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) dalım dallarım
sənin (your) dalın dalların
onun (his/her/its) dalı dalları
bizim (our) dalımız dallarımız
sizin (your) dalınız dallarınız
onların (their) dalı or dalları dalları
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) dalımı dallarımı
sənin (your) dalını dallarını
onun (his/her/its) dalını dallarını
bizim (our) dalımızı dallarımızı
sizin (your) dalınızı dallarınızı
onların (their) dalını or dallarını dallarını
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) dalıma dallarıma
sənin (your) dalına dallarına
onun (his/her/its) dalına dallarına
bizim (our) dalımıza dallarımıza
sizin (your) dalınıza dallarınıza
onların (their) dalına or dallarına dallarına
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) dalımda dallarımda
sənin (your) dalında dallarında
onun (his/her/its) dalında dallarında
bizim (our) dalımızda dallarımızda
sizin (your) dalınızda dallarınızda
onların (their) dalında or dallarında dallarında
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) dalımdan dallarımdan
sənin (your) dalından dallarından
onun (his/her/its) dalından dallarından
bizim (our) dalımızdan dallarımızdan
sizin (your) dalınızdan dallarınızdan
onların (their) dalından or dallarından dallarından
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) dalımın dallarımın
sənin (your) dalının dallarının
onun (his/her/its) dalının dallarının
bizim (our) dalımızın dallarımızın
sizin (your) dalınızın dallarınızın
onların (their) dalının or dallarının dallarının
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sevortjan, E. V. (1980) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ tjurkskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Turkic Languages]‎[5] (in Russian), volume III, Moscow: Nauka, page 131-132

Etymology 2[edit]

From Common Turkic *dal

Noun[edit]

dal (definite accusative dalı, plural dallar)

  1. (poetic) branch
    Synonym: budaq

Bouyei[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Tai *taːᴬ (maternal grandfather). Cognate with Thai ตา (dtaa), Lao ຕາ (), ᦎᦱ (ṫaa), Shan တႃ (tǎa), Zhuang da.

Noun[edit]

dal

  1. maternal grandfather

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Tai *p.taːᴬ (eye). Cognate with Thai ตา (dtaa), Northern Thai ᨲᩣ, Lao ຕາ (), ᦎᦱ (ṫaa), Tai Dam ꪔꪱ, Shan တႃ (tǎa), Aiton တႃ (), Ahom 𑜄𑜠 (ta) or 𑜄𑜡 (), Southern Kam dal, Zhuang da. Compare Old Chinese (OC *taːʔ, “to see”).

Noun[edit]

dal

  1. eye

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dal

  1. masculine singular past participle of dát

Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse dalr (valley).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dal c (singular definite dalen, plural indefinite dale)

  1. dale, valley (elongated depression between hills or mountains)
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

dal

  1. imperative of dale

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch dal, from Old Dutch dal, from Proto-Germanic *dalą.

Noun[edit]

dal n (plural dalen, diminutive dalletje n)

  1. valley
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: dal

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

dal m (plural dallen, diminutive dalletje n)

  1. a type of stone to pave the floor with, flagstone

Elfdalian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse dalr

Noun[edit]

dal m

  1. valley

Inflection[edit]


Extremaduran[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin dāre, present active infinitive of (give).

Verb[edit]

dal

  1. to give

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

dal

  1. Romanization of 𐌳𐌰𐌻

Hungarian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 dal on Hungarian Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

An onomatopoeia. It is also possible that it is a back-formation from dalol.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dal (plural dalok)

  1. song
    Synonyms: ének, nóta; see also Thesaurus:ének

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative dal dalok
accusative dalt dalokat
dative dalnak daloknak
instrumental dallal dalokkal
causal-final dalért dalokért
translative dallá dalokká
terminative dalig dalokig
essive-formal dalként dalokként
essive-modal
inessive dalban dalokban
superessive dalon dalokon
adessive dalnál daloknál
illative dalba dalokba
sublative dalra dalokra
allative dalhoz dalokhoz
elative dalból dalokból
delative dalról dalokról
ablative daltól daloktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
dalé daloké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
daléi dalokéi
Possessive forms of dal
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. dalom dalaim
2nd person sing. dalod dalaid
3rd person sing. dala dalai
1st person plural dalunk dalaink
2nd person plural dalotok dalaitok
3rd person plural daluk dalaik

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words with this term at the beginning
Compound words with this term at the end

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eőry, Vilma. Értelmező szótár+ (’Explanatory Dictionary Plus’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2007. →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

  • dal in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • dal in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2022)

Icelandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

dal

  1. inflection of dalur:
    1. indefinite accusative singular
    2. indefinite dative singular

Italian[edit]

Contraction[edit]

dal

  1. Contraction of da il; from the
  2. since
    dal 1963since 1963

Related terms[edit]


Ladin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From da +‎ l.

Contraction[edit]

dal

  1. from the (masculine singular)

Mauritian Creole[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hindi दाल (dāl).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dal

  1. any of many dried husked pulses (legume), including peas, beans and lentils; dahl
  2. a dish made from lentils, cooked with spices, tomatoes and onions etc.

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch dal, from Proto-Germanic *dalą.

Noun[edit]

dal n

  1. valley
  2. dip, lower area in the landscape
  3. hole

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • dal”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “dal”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN

Northern Sami[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈtal/

Adverb[edit]

dal

  1. now

Further reading[edit]

  • Koponen, Eino; Ruppel, Klaas; Aapala, Kirsti, editors (2002-2008) Álgu database: Etymological database of the Saami languages[6], Helsinki: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse dalr (dale, valley), from Proto-Germanic *dala- (valley, dale), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰol-, *dʰel- (an arch, vaulting, curve, curvature, cavity).

Noun[edit]

dal m (definite singular dalen, indefinite plural daler, definite plural dalene)

  1. a valley

Derived terms[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse dalr. Akin to English dale.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dal m (definite singular dalen, indefinite plural dalar, definite plural dalane)

  1. a valley

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Contraction[edit]

dal

  1. Contraction of de + lo

Old Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *dalą.

Noun[edit]

dal n

  1. valley

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • dal”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *dailą.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dal n

  1. division

Descendants[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Noun[edit]

dal

  1. accusative/dative singular of dalr

Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *dalą.

Noun[edit]

dal n

  1. valley

Descendants[edit]


Old Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse dalr, from Proto-Germanic *dalą.

Noun[edit]

dal m

  1. valley

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Swedish: dal c

Papiamentu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The conjugation of this verb in Papiamentu follows that of former Dutch verbs.

Therefore more probably from Dutch douwen (push).

And less probably from Spanish dale: da + le ("give it").

Verb[edit]

dal

  1. to hit
  2. to beat

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *dalь.

Noun[edit]

dal f

  1. distance
    z dalafrom a distance/from afar/from far away
    skok w dallong jump
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
noun

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Hindi दाल (dāl).

Noun[edit]

dal f

  1. dal (an Indian lentil dish)
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • dal in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • dal in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Southern Kam[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dal

  1. eye

Sumerian[edit]

Romanization[edit]

dal

  1. Romanization of 𒊑 (dal)

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish dal, from Old Norse dalr, from Proto-Germanic *dalą, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰol-, *dʰel-.

Noun[edit]

dal c

  1. valley, dale

Declension[edit]

Declension of dal 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative dal dalen dalar dalarna
Genitive dals dalens dalars dalarnas

Related terms[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish دال(dal), from Old Turkic [script needed] (tal), from Proto-Turkic *tāl, *dal.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dal (definite accusative dalı, plural dallar)

  1. branch
  2. (slang) cigarette, joint

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative dal
Definite accusative dalı
Singular Plural
Nominative dal dallar
Definite accusative dalı dalları
Dative dala dallara
Locative dalda dallarda
Ablative daldan dallardan
Genitive dalın dalların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular dalım dallarım
2nd singular dalın dalların
3rd singular dalı dalları
1st plural dalımız dallarımız
2nd plural dalınız dallarınız
3rd plural dalları dalları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular dalımı dallarımı
2nd singular dalını dallarını
3rd singular dalını dallarını
1st plural dalımızı dallarımızı
2nd plural dalınızı dallarınızı
3rd plural dallarını dallarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular dalıma dallarıma
2nd singular dalına dallarına
3rd singular dalına dallarına
1st plural dalımıza dallarımıza
2nd plural dalınıza dallarınıza
3rd plural dallarına dallarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular dalımda dallarımda
2nd singular dalında dallarında
3rd singular dalında dallarında
1st plural dalımızda dallarımızda
2nd plural dalınızda dallarınızda
3rd plural dallarında dallarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular dalımdan dallarımdan
2nd singular dalından dallarından
3rd singular dalından dallarından
1st plural dalımızdan dallarımızdan
2nd plural dalınızdan dallarınızdan
3rd plural dallarından dallarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular dalımın dallarımın
2nd singular dalının dallarının
3rd singular dalının dallarının
1st plural dalımızın dallarımızın
2nd plural dalınızın dallarınızın
3rd plural dallarının dallarının

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Brythonic *dalɣ-, from Proto-Indo-European *delgʰ-.[1] Cognate with Latin indulgeo.[2]

Verb[edit]

dal (first-person singular present daliaf)

  1. (North Wales) to catch
  2. (North Wales) to capture
  3. (North Wales) to hold
  4. to continue
Conjugation[edit]
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
dal ddal nal unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Adjective[edit]

dal

  1. Soft mutation of tal.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
tal dal nhal thal
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “dal”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies
  2. ^ Morris Jones, John (1913) A Welsh Grammar, Historical and Comparative, Oxford: Clarendon Press, § 110 ii (2)