dal

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: daL, dał, dął, dál, dâl, -dal, -dál, Dal, and дал

Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Symbol[edit]

dal

  1. (metrology) Symbol for decaliter (decalitre), an SI unit of fluid measure equal to 101 liters (litres).

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hindi दाल (dāl).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /dɑːl/
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɑːl

Noun[edit]

dal (countable and uncountable, plural dals)

  1. Any of many dried husked pulses (legume), including peas, beans and lentils.
  2. A dish made from lentils, cooked with spices, tomatoes and onions etc.
    • 1934, George Orwell, chapter 6, in Burmese Days[2]:
      A stout Burmese woman, wife of a constable, was kneeling outside the cage ladling rice and watery dahl into tin pannikins.
  3. A tropical herb with yellow flowers; the pigeon pea.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch dal, from Old Dutch dal, from Proto-Germanic *dalą (valley, dale), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰol-, *dʰel- (an arch, vaulting, curve, curvature, cavity).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dal (plural dale)

  1. valley

References[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *dala,[1] from Proto-Indo-European *dʰelh₁- (compare Ancient Greek θάλλω (thállō, to grow, bloom, thrive), Welsh deillio (to emanate, derive)).[2]

Verb[edit]

  • (active) dal (first-person singular past tense dola, participle dalë)
  1. (active) I exit, go out
  2. (active) I leave
  • (passive) dílet (first-person singular past tense -, participle dalë)
  1. (passive, impersonal) come(s); do(es) come (only 3rd person)

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • [3] active verb dal (aorist dola (dóla); dalë (dálë)) • Fjalor Shqip (Albanian Dictionary)
  • [4] passive (impersonal) verb dilet (dílet) (3rd person) • Fjalor Shqip (Albanian Dictionary)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998) , “dal”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 54
  2. ^ Demiraj, Bardhyl (1997) Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies: Investigations into the Albanian Inherited Lexicon] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7)‎[1] (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 120

Azerbaijani[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with Chagatai and Ottoman Turkish دال(dal, back). Compare also dialectal Turkish dal (back; arm; shoulder), Kyrgyz далы (dalı, shoulder blade).

Possibly of Mongolic origin, compare Mongolian дал (dal, shoulder; shoulder blade).

Noun[edit]

dal (definite accusative dalı, plural dallar)

  1. back, rear
    Synonyms: arxa, ard
    Antonyms: qabaq, ön
  2. (anatomy) back
    Synonyms: bel, kürək
  3. bottom, buttocks, nates, posterior, seat
    Synonym: göt (vulgar)
  4. (dated) end
    Synonym: son
  5. (colloquial) sequel, continuation; something which is continued
    Synonyms: ard, davam
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

dal

  1. back

References[edit]

  • Sevortjan, E. V. (1980) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ tjurkskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Turkic Languages]‎[5] (in Russian), volume III, Moscow: Nauka, page 131-132

Etymology 2[edit]

From Common Turkic *dal

Noun[edit]

dal (definite accusative dalı, plural dallar)

  1. (poetic) branch
    Synonym: budaq

Bouyei[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Tai *taːᴬ (maternal grandfather). Cognate with Thai ตา (dtaa), Lao ຕາ (), ᦎᦱ (ṫaa), Shan တႃ (tǎa), Zhuang da.

Noun[edit]

dal

  1. maternal grandfather

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Tai *p.taːᴬ (eye). Cognate with Thai ตา (dtaa), Northern Thai ᨲᩣ, Lao ຕາ (), ᦎᦱ (ṫaa), Tai Dam ꪔꪱ, Shan တႃ (tǎa), Aiton တႃ, Ahom 𑜄𑜠 (ta) or 𑜄𑜡 (taa), Southern Kam dal, Zhuang da. Compare Old Chinese (OC *taːʔ, “to see”).

Noun[edit]

dal

  1. eye

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dal

  1. masculine singular past participle of dát

Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse dalr (valley).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dal c (singular definite dalen, plural indefinite dale)

  1. dale, valley (elongated depression between hills or mountains)
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

dal

  1. imperative of dale

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch dal, from Old Dutch dal, from Proto-Germanic *dalą.

Noun[edit]

dal n (plural dalen, diminutive dalletje n)

  1. valley
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: dal

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

dal m (plural dallen, diminutive dalletje n)

  1. a type of stone to pave the floor with, flagstone

Elfdalian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse dalr

Noun[edit]

dal m

  1. valley

Inflection[edit]


Extremaduran[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin dāre, present active infinitive of (give).

Verb[edit]

dal

  1. to give

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

dal

  1. Romanization of 𐌳𐌰𐌻

Hungarian[edit]

Hungarian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hu

Etymology[edit]

An onomatopoeia. It is also possible that it is a back-formation from dalol.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dal (plural dalok)

  1. song
    Synonyms: ének, nóta

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative dal dalok
accusative dalt dalokat
dative dalnak daloknak
instrumental dallal dalokkal
causal-final dalért dalokért
translative dallá dalokká
terminative dalig dalokig
essive-formal dalként dalokként
essive-modal
inessive dalban dalokban
superessive dalon dalokon
adessive dalnál daloknál
illative dalba dalokba
sublative dalra dalokra
allative dalhoz dalokhoz
elative dalból dalokból
delative dalról dalokról
ablative daltól daloktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
dalé daloké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
daléi dalokéi
Possessive forms of dal
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. dalom dalaim
2nd person sing. dalod dalaid
3rd person sing. dala dalai
1st person plural dalunk dalaink
2nd person plural dalotok dalaitok
3rd person plural daluk dalaik

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eőry, Vilma. Értelmező szótár+ (’Explanatory Dictionary Plus’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2007. →ISBN

Icelandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

dal

  1. inflection of dalur:
    1. indefinite accusative singular
    2. indefinite dative singular

Italian[edit]

Contraction[edit]

dal

  1. Contraction of da il; from the
  2. since
    dal 1963since 1963

Related terms[edit]


Ladin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From da +‎ l.

Contraction[edit]

dal

  1. from the (masculine singular)

Mauritian Creole[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hindi दाल (dāl).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dal

  1. any of many dried husked pulses (legume), including peas, beans and lentils; dahl
  2. a dish made from lentils, cooked with spices, tomatoes and onions etc.

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch dal, from Proto-Germanic *dalą.

Noun[edit]

dal n

  1. valley
  2. dip, lower area in the landscape
  3. hole

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • dal”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929) , “dal”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN

Northern Sami[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈtal/

Adverb[edit]

dal

  1. now

Further reading[edit]

  • Koponen, Eino; Ruppel, Klaas; Aapala, Kirsti, editors (2002-2008) Álgu database: Etymological database of the Saami languages[6], Helsinki: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse dalr

Noun[edit]

dal m (definite singular dalen, indefinite plural daler, definite plural dalene)

  1. a valley

Derived terms[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse dalr. Akin to English dale.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dal m (definite singular dalen, indefinite plural dalar, definite plural dalane)

  1. a valley

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Novial[edit]

Contraction[edit]

dal

  1. contraction of da + li

Occitan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Contraction[edit]

dal

  1. Contraction of de + lo

Old Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *dalą.

Noun[edit]

dal n

  1. valley

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • dal”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *dailą.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dal n

  1. division

Descendants[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *dalą.

Noun[edit]

dal n

  1. valley

Descendants[edit]


Old Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse dalr, from Proto-Germanic *dalą.

Noun[edit]

dal m

  1. valley

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Swedish: dal c

Papiamentu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The conjugation of this verb in Papiamentu follows that of former Dutch verbs.

Therefore more probably from Dutch douwen (push).

And less probably from Spanish dale: da + le ("give it").

Verb[edit]

dal

  1. to hit
  2. to beat

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dal f

  1. distance
    z dalafrom a distance, from afar, from far away
    skok w dallong jump

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • dal in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • dal in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Southern Kam[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dal

  1. eye

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish dal, from Old Norse dalr, from Proto-Germanic *dalą, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰol-, *dʰel-.

Noun[edit]

dal c

  1. valley, dale

Declension[edit]

Declension of dal 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative dal dalen dalar dalarna
Genitive dals dalens dalars dalarnas

Related terms[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Turkic tal, from Proto-Turkic *tāl, *dal.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dal

  1. branch

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Brythonic *dalg-, from Proto-Indo-European *delgʰ-.[1] Cognate with Latin indulgeo.[2]

Verb[edit]

dal (first-person singular present daliaf)

  1. (North Wales) to catch
  2. (North Wales) to capture
  3. (North Wales) to hold
  4. to continue
Conjugation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
dal ddal nal unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Adjective[edit]

dal

  1. Soft mutation of tal.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
tal dal nhal thal
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present) , “dal”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies
  2. ^ J. Morris Jones, A Welsh Grammar, Historical and Comparative (Oxford 1913), § 110 ii (2)