onion

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See also: .onion and Onion

English[edit]

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Onions.
A sliced onion.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English onyoun, oynoun, from Old French oignon, from Latin ūniōnem, accusative of ūniō (onion, large pearl), which had also been borrowed into Old English as yne, ynnelēac (onion) (> Middle English hynne-leac, henne-leac). Also displaced Middle English knelek (literally knee-leek) and the inherited term ramsons.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈʌn.jən/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • (Canada) IPA(key): /ˈʌŋ.jɪn/
  • (dialectal, obsolete) IPA(key): /ˈɪŋ.ən/, /ˈɪn.jən/[1][2]
  • Rhymes: -ʌnjən

Noun[edit]

onion (plural onions)

  1. A monocotyledonous plant (Allium cepa), allied to garlic, used as vegetable and spice.
  2. The bulb of such a plant.
  3. A plant of the genus Allium as a whole. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  4. (slang, of a drug) An ounce.
  5. (obsolete baseball slang) A ball.
  6. (obsolete, slang) A watch-seal.
    • 1846, George William MacArthur Reynolds, The Mysteries of London, page 60:
      [] M was a Magsman, frequenting Pall-Mall; / N was a Nose that turned chirp on his pal; / O was an Onion, possessed by a swell; / P was a Pannie, done niblike and well. []
  7. Alternative letter-case form of Onion (an inhabitant of Bermuda; a Bermudian)

Synonyms[edit]

  • (vegetable): violet (UK dialect)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Bislama: anian
  • Tok Pisin: anian
  • Maori: aniana

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stanley, Oma (1937), “I. Vowel Sounds in Stressed Syllables”, in The Speech of East Texas (American Speech: Reprints and Monographs; 2), New York: Columbia University Press, →DOI, →ISBN, § 12, page 27.
  2. ^ Bingham, Caleb (1808), “Improprieties in Pronunciation, common among the people of New-England”, in The Child's Companion; Being a Conciſe Spelling-book [] [1], 12th edition, Boston: Manning & Loring, →OCLC, page 75.

Welsh[edit]

Noun[edit]

onion m (singulative onionyn)

  1. Alternative form of wynwyn (onions)

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
onion unchanged unchanged honion
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “wynwyn, wnion, winion, winiwn, &c.”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies