cepa

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See also: сера and čepa

Galician[edit]

A birch tree growing from the cepa of a chestnut tree, A Cervela, Galicia

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese cepa, from Latin cippus (post).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈθepa̝/, (western) /ˈsepa̝/

Noun[edit]

cepa m (plural cepas)

  1. stump; also the trunk of a living tree that has suffered many prunings
    Synonyms: carocha, coto, cozo, toco
  2. charcoal
  3. post, column
    Synonyms: , poste
  4. trunk of a vine and the vine itself
    Synonym: bacelo

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • cepa” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • cepa” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • cepa” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • cepa” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • cepa” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A loanword from an unknown, possibly substrate, language. Perhaps related to Ancient Greek κάπια (kápia, onions), Albanian qepë and Welsh cenhinen (leek).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cēpa f (genitive cēpae); first declension

  1. onion
    Synonym: ūniō

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cēpa cēpae
Genitive cēpae cēpārum
Dative cēpae cēpīs
Accusative cēpam cēpās
Ablative cēpā cēpīs
Vocative cēpa cēpae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • cepa in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cepa in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cepa in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 108

Latvian[edit]

Verb[edit]

cepa

  1. 3rd person singular past indicative form of cept
  2. 3rd person plural past indicative form of cept

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cepa m inan

  1. genitive singular of cep

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

cepa f (plural cepas)

  1. (microbiology) strain (variant of a virus)
  2. kind (a type, race or category)
    Synonyms: tipo, classe, laia, feitio
  3. vine (climbing plant that produces grapes)
    Synonyms: vinha, vide, videira
  4. stump (remains of a plant that has been cut off), especially one used to make charcoal

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From cepo.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (Spain) /ˈθepa/, [ˈθe.pa]
  • IPA(key): (Latin America) /ˈsepa/, [ˈse.pa]

Noun[edit]

cepa f (plural cepas)

  1. (wine) variety
  2. (microbiology, virology) strain
    cepa de hongosstrain of fungi
    • 2020 December 21, Ferran Bono; Guillermo Vega; Rafa Burgos, ““En Londres la gente pasa de llevar mascarilla en la calle y no parece muy preocupada por la nueva cepa””, in El País[1]:
      En eso y en que tampoco parecen de momento muy alarmados los ciudadanos de una de las capitales financieras del mundo por la aparición en su país de una nueva cepa del coronavirus, con mayor poder de contagio.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  3. rootstalk, rhizome (underground stem base)
  4. grapevine stock, grapevine
  5. stub, stump (of a tree)
  6. root (of an animal's tail or horns, etc.)
  7. ancestry, stock, origin (of family lineage)
    Synonym: linaje
    de buena cepaof good stock
  8. (architecture) pier (of an arch or bridge)
  9. nucleus (of cloud formation)
    Synonym: núcleo

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]