cepa

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See also: сера and čepa

Galician[edit]

A birch tree growing from the cepa of a chestnut tree, A Cervela, Galicia

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Galician-Portuguese cepa, from Latin cippus (post).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈθepa̝/, (western) /ˈsepa̝/

Noun[edit]

cepa m (plural cepas)

  1. stump; also the trunk of a living tree that has suffered many prunings
    Synonyms: carocha, coto, cozo, toco
  2. charcoal
  3. post, column
    Synonyms: , poste
  4. trunk of a vine and the vine itself
    Synonym: bacelo
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • cepa” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • cepa” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2018.
  • cepa” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • cepa” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • cepa” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

cepa

  1. inflection of cepar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

A borrowing from an unknown, possibly Anatolian source, cf. Hesychian Ancient Greek κάπια (kápia, onions) claimed for Ceryneia and the complex of Arabicقُبَّعَة(qubbaʕa, bulbous hat). Given the borrowing of Proto-Slavic *lukъ (onion), it is probable that the Italians at the date of their expansion also only knew ramsons, as a kind of ālium. At least it is known that spring onion was only introduced in the modern period from China, while the bulb onion is also Asiatic, such that ancient Africa knew the cultivated onion only in the north, by generic names like Egyptian ḥḏw, it having expanded beyond the Great Desert only by the Arabs under their name ⁧بَصَل(baṣal).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cēpa f (genitive cēpae); first declension

  1. onion
    Synonym: ūniō
Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cēpa cēpae
Genitive cēpae cēpārum
Dative cēpae cēpīs
Accusative cēpam cēpās
Ablative cēpā cēpīs
Vocative cēpa cēpae
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Balkan Romance:
    • Aromanian: tseapã, tsiape
    • Romanian: ceapă
    • Albanian: qepë
  • Northern Gallo-Romance:
  • Southern Gallo-Romance:
  • Borrowings:

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

cēpa f (genitive cēpae); first declension

  1. Medieval form of sēbum (grease)
Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cēpa cēpae
Genitive cēpae cēpārum
Dative cēpae cēpīs
Accusative cēpam cēpās
Ablative cēpā cēpīs
Vocative cēpa cēpae

References[edit]

  • cepa”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cepa”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cepa in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 108

Latvian[edit]

Verb[edit]

cepa

  1. third-person singular/plural past indicative of cept

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈt͡sɛ.pa/
  • Rhymes: -ɛpa
  • Syllabification: ce‧pa

Noun[edit]

cepa m inan

  1. genitive singular of cep

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ce‧pa

Noun[edit]

cepa f (plural cepas)

  1. (microbiology) strain (variant of a virus)
  2. kind (a type, race or category)
    Synonyms: tipo, classe, laia, feitio
  3. vine (climbing plant that produces grapes)
    Synonyms: vinha, vide, videira
  4. stump (remains of a plant that has been cut off), especially one used to make charcoal

Rukai[edit]

Noun[edit]

cepa

  1. adulteress; wanton woman

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From cepo.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (Spain) /ˈθepa/ [ˈθe.pa]
  • IPA(key): (Latin America) /ˈsepa/ [ˈse.pa]
  • Rhymes: -epa
  • Syllabification: ce‧pa

Noun[edit]

cepa f (plural cepas)

  1. (wine) variety
  2. (microbiology, virology) strain
    cepa de hongosstrain of fungi
    cepa de bacteriastrain of bacteria
    • 2020 December 21, Ferran Bono, Guillermo Vega, Rafa Burgos, ““En Londres la gente pasa de llevar mascarilla en la calle y no parece muy preocupada por la nueva cepa””, in El País[1]:
      En eso y en que tampoco parecen de momento muy alarmados los ciudadanos de una de las capitales financieras del mundo por la aparición en su país de una nueva cepa del coronavirus, con mayor poder de contagio.
      Besides this, the citizens of one of the world's largest financial capitals don't seem very concerned with the appearance of a new strain of the coronavirus in their country, one with greater contagious power.
  3. rootstalk, rhizome (underground stem base)
  4. grapevine stock, grapevine
  5. root (of an animal's tail or horns, etc.)
  6. ancestry, stock, origin (of family lineage)
    Synonym: linaje
    de buena cepaof good stock
  7. (architecture) pier (of an arch or bridge)
  8. nucleus (of cloud formation)
    Synonym: núcleo

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]