English [ edit ]
Columns in temple of Bel, Syria
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , columne , columpne , from columpe Old French , from columne Latin columna ( “ a column, pillar, post ” ), originally a collateral form of , contraction columen culmen ( “ a pillar, top, crown, summit ” ). Akin to Latin collis ( “ a hill ” ), celsus ( “ high ” ), probably to Ancient Greek κολοφών ( kolophṓn, “ top, summit ” ).
Pronunciation [ edit ]
column ( plural ) columns
( architecture ) A solid upright structure designed usually to support a larger structure above it, such as a roof or horizontal beam, but sometimes for decoration. A
vertical line of entries in a table, usually read from top to bottom. A body of
troops or army vehicles, usually strung out along a road. A body of
text meant to be read line by line, especially in printed material that has multiple adjacent such on a single page.
It was too hard to read the text across the whole page, so I split it into two columns. A unit of
width, especially of advertisements, in a periodical, equivalent to the width of a usual column of text.
Each column inch costs $300 a week; this ad is four columns by three inches, so will run $3600 a week.
( by extension ) A recurring feature in a periodical, especially an opinion piece, especially by a single author or small rotating group of authors, or on a single theme.
His initial foray into print media was as the author of a weekly column in his elementary-school newspaper. Something having similar vertical form or structure to the things mentioned above, such as a
1892, James Yoxall, chapter 5, in : The Lonely Pyramid
The desert storm was riding in its strength; the travellers lay beneath the mastery of the fell simoom. Whirling wreaths and columns of burning wind, rushed around and over them.
( botany ) The gynostemium (chemistry) An object used to separate the different components of a liquid or to purify chemical compounds.
Synonyms [ edit ]
Antonyms [ edit ]
( line of table entries ) : row ( which is horizontal )
Hypernyms [ edit ]
( upright structure ) : beam
Derived terms [ edit ]
Terms derived from
Translations [ edit ]
upright supporting member
기둥 (ko) ( gidung ) Kurdish:
stûn (ku) Latin:
columna f Latvian:
kolonna f Lithuanian:
kolona (lt) f Macedonian:
столб m ( stolb ) Maori:
, pou tumu Mazanderani:
багана (mn) ( bagana ) Norman:
colonne f Norwegian:
søyle (no) m, f Nynorsk:
søyle f Persian:
ستون (fa) ( sotun ) Polish:
kolumna (pl) , f słup (pl) m Portuguese:
coluna (pt) Romanian:
coloană , (ro) , pilar columnă , (ro) stâlp (ro) Russian:
коло́нна (ru) f ( kolónna ), столб (ru) m ( stolb ) Scottish Gaelic:
colbh m Serbo-Croatian:
stȗp (sh) , m stȗb (sh) m Slovak:
stĺp m Slovene:
stolp (sl) m Sorbian:
słup m Spanish:
columna (es) f Swedish:
kolonn (sv) , c pelare (sv) c Tajik:
сутун ( sutun ) Turkish:
kolon (tr) Ukrainian:
коло́на f ( kolóna ), стовп m ( stovp ) Volapük:
vertical line of entries in a table
something having similar form or structure to the things mentioned above
chemistry : object to separate components
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
Further reading [ edit ]