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See also: Roof
- IPA(key): /ɹuːf/, /ɹʊf/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ɹuf/
Audio (US) (file)
- (Inland Northern American) IPA(key): /ɹʊf/
Audio (INAE) (file)
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɹuːf/
Audio (UK) (file)
- (Canada) IPA(key): /ɹuf/
Audio (CA) (file)
- Rhymes: -ʊf, -uːf
From Middle English rof, from Old English hrōf (“roof, ceiling; top, summit; heaven, sky”), from Proto-Germanic *hrōfą (“roof”).
- (architecture) The external covering at the top of a building.
- The roof was blown off by the tornado.
- 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt's Patients]:
- 'Twas the house I'd seen the roof of from the beach.
- 1931, Robert L. May, Rudolph, The Red-Nosed Reindeer, Montgomery Ward, draft:
- The very first sound that you’ll hear on the roof
(Provided there’s fog) will be Rudolph’s small hoof.
- 1984, Rock Master Scott & the Dynamic Three (lyrics and music), “The Roof Is on Fire”:
- The roof, the roof, the roof is on fire!
We don't need no water: Let the motherfucker burn!
Burn, motherfucker, burn!
- The top external level of a building.
- Let's go up to the roof.
- 1962, Gerry Goffin & al. (lyrics and music), “Up on the Roof”:
- When this old world starts getting me down
And people are just too much for me to face,
I climb way up to the top of the stairs
And all my cares just drift right into space
On the roof, it's peaceful as can be
And there, the world below can't bother me...
- The upper part of a cavity.
- The palate is the roof of the mouth.
- 2011 October 1, John Sinnott, “Aston Villa 2-0 Wigan”, in BBC Sport:
- As Bent pulled away to the far post, Agbonlahor opted to go it alone, motoring past Gary Caldwell before unleashing a shot into the roof of the net.
- (mining) The surface or bed of rock immediately overlying a bed of coal or a flat vein.
- (climbing) An overhanging rock wall.
the cover at the top of a building
the upper part of a cavity
From Middle English rofen, roven (“to roof”), from the noun (see above).
roof (third-person singular simple present roofs, present participle roofing, simple past and past participle roofed)
- (transitive) To cover or furnish with a roof.
- To traverse buildings by walking or climbing across their roofs.
- (transitive, slang) To put into prison, to bird.
- 1998 March 4, “Law and Disorder”, in Beverly Hills, 90210, season 08, episode 22:
- Did you see them, David? I mean, did you see them looking at me? I-I'm walking out of the court, and everybody was practically – yeah, they were gawking. […] I mean, Noah roofed me, I proved it, end of story.
- 2000 January 1, Mr. Metaphor (lyrics), “Stupid”, in The Will Tell Compilation Vol. 1: Thats Right Inc., performed by Word A' Mouth, Block McCloud and Mr. Metaphor:
- 2012 November 15, “Brown Bag Wrap”, in Rare Chandeliers, performed by Action Bronson:
- 2018 May 5, AM (lyrics), “Attempted 1.0”, performed by Skengdo & AM of 410:
- You don’t want war, you’re shook of it
Hella man dash when their friend got roofed
- (transitive) To shelter as if under a roof.
- 1865, Thomas Greenbury, Pleasant Rambles Over Moors, Mountains, Mines, and Waterfalls:
- They reached him: the pieces of rock had roofed him over—he was without injury or scratch.
- 1903, Henry James, The Ambassadors:
- It built him softly round, it roofed him warmly over, it rested, all so firm, on selection.
to cover or furnish with a roof
From Middle Dutch roof, from Old Dutch *rōf, *rouf, from Proto-West Germanic *raub, from Proto-Germanic *raubaz. More at robe.
roof m (plural roven, diminutive roofje n)
- Negerhollands: roof
From Middle Dutch rōve. Cognate with Old High German ruf (Luxembourgish Roff), Old Norse hrufa (English dandruff). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *krewp-.
roof f (uncountable)
- Alternative form of rof
- English 1-syllable words
- English terms with IPA pronunciation
- English terms with audio links
- Rhymes:English/ʊf/1 syllable
- Rhymes:English/uːf/1 syllable
- English terms inherited from Middle English
- English terms derived from Middle English
- English terms inherited from Old English
- English terms derived from Old English
- English terms inherited from Proto-Germanic
- English terms derived from Proto-Germanic
- English lemmas
- English nouns
- English countable nouns
- English nouns with irregular plurals
- English terms with usage examples
- English terms with quotations
- English verbs
- English transitive verbs
- English slang
- Dutch terms with IPA pronunciation
- Dutch terms with audio links
- Rhymes:Dutch/oːf/1 syllable
- Dutch terms inherited from Middle Dutch
- Dutch terms derived from Middle Dutch
- Dutch terms inherited from Old Dutch
- Dutch terms derived from Old Dutch
- Dutch terms inherited from Proto-West Germanic
- Dutch terms derived from Proto-West Germanic
- Dutch terms inherited from Proto-Germanic
- Dutch terms derived from Proto-Germanic
- Dutch lemmas
- Dutch nouns
- Dutch nouns with plural in -en
- Dutch masculine nouns
- Dutch non-lemma forms
- Dutch verb forms
- Dutch terms derived from Proto-Indo-European
- Dutch uncountable nouns
- Dutch feminine nouns
- Middle English lemmas
- Middle English nouns