jumts

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Latgalian[edit]

Noun[edit]

jumts m

  1. roof

Latvian[edit]

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 jumts on Latvian Wikipedia
Jumts

Etymology[edit]

Originally the past participle of the verb jumt(to cover a roof; to thatch), from Proto-Baltic *jumt, from Proto-Indo-European *yew-, *yū-(to bind, to tie), with an extra m. Primitive houses were covered by tied, interwoven sticks on which rested a mud covering. Cognates include Proto-Slavic *jǫtъ(roof) (cf. Russian приют(prijút, shelter, retreat)).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

jumts m (1st declension)

  1. roof (structure that covers the top of a building; the covering that sits on it)
    skārda jumts‎ ― tin roof
    šīfera jumts‎ ― slate roof
    ruberoīda jumts‎ ― bituminous felt roof
    kārniņu jumts‎ ― tiled roof
    niedru jumts‎ ― thatched roof
    slīps jumts‎ ― sloping roof
    jumta skārds‎ ― roofing sheets
    jumta pape‎ ― roofing felt
    jumta naglas‎ ― roofing nails
    jumta plakne‎ ― the roof plane
    salabot jumtu‎ ― to repair, fix the roof
    jumta istaba, jumtistaba‎ ― penthouse (lit. roof room)
  2. roof (structure that covers the top of a vehicle and shelters it from the external weather)
    automobiļa jumts‎ ― automobile, car roof
    trolejbusa jumts‎ ― trolley roof
    vagona jumts‎ ― (train) car roof

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “jumts”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7