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- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɪksˈtɜː.nəl/, /ɛksˈtɜː.nəl/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ɛksˈtɝ.nəl/, /ɪksˈtɝ.nəl/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)nəl
- Outside of something; on the exterior.
- This building has some external pipework.
- 1667, John Milton, “Book 5”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: […] [Samuel Simmons], […], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, OCLC 230729554:
- Of all external things, […] / She [Fancy] forms imaginations, aery shapes.
- Capable of being perceived outwardly.
- Provided by something or someone outside of the entity (object, group, company etc.) considered.
- external authority, external force
- Relating to or connected with foreign nations or institutions.
- external trade or commerce; the external relations of a state or kingdom
- Synonym: foreign
- Having existence independent of the mind.
- external reality
- (education) For or concerning students registered with and taking the examinations of a university but not resident there.
- external degrees
- (computing, of a hardware) Not contained in the main computer.
- Synonym: peripheral
- (computing, of storage) Using a disk or tape drive rather than the main memory.
- external auditory meatus
- external carotid artery
- external cause
- external conflict
- external coupling
- external ear
- external fertilization
- externalize, externalise
- external link
- external oblique muscle
- external risk
- external sandhi
- external stimulus
- external world
outside of something
external (plural externals)
- (usually in the plural) The exterior; outward features or appearances.
- 1834, Letitia Elizabeth Landon, Francesca Carrara, volume 1, page 298:
- They had been such declared, such personal enemies, that, even in a court, it seemed wonderful how a decent external could be given to their reconciliation.
- (programming, in the C language) A variable that is defined in the source code but whose value comes from some external source.
- “external”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
- “external”, in Merriam–Webster Online Dictionary.