accidental

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Anglo-Norman accidentel, Middle French accidentel, accidental, and their source, Late Latin accidēntālis; corresponding to accident +‎ -al.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

accidental (comparative more accidental, superlative most accidental)

  1. Not essential; incidental, secondary. [from 14th c.]
  2. (philosophy) Nonessential to something's inherent nature (especially in Aristotelian thought). [from 14th c.]
  3. (music) Adjusted by one or two semitones, in temporary departure from the key signature. [from 16th c.]
  4. Occurring sometimes, by chance; occasional. [from 16th c.]
  5. Happening by chance, or unexpectedly; taking place not according to the usual course of things; by accident, unintentional. [from 16th c.]
    • 1603, John Florio, Essays, translation of original by Michel de Montaigne, III.1:
      The way to trueth is but one and simple, that of particular profit and benefit of affaires a man hath in charge, double, uneven and accidentall [transl. fortuite].
  6. (geometry) Being a double point with two distinct tangent planes in 4-dimensional projective space.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

accidental (plural accidentals)

  1. A property which is not essential; a nonessential; anything happening accidentally.
    • (Can we date this quote?), Fuller, (Please provide the book title or journal name):
      He conceived it just that accidentals ... should sink with the substance of the accusation.
  2. (painting, plural only) Those fortuitous effects produced by luminous rays falling on certain objects so that some parts stand forth in abnormal brightness and other parts are cast into a deep shadow.
  3. (music) A sharp, flat, or natural, occurring not at the commencement of a piece of music as the signature, but before a particular note.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

accidental (masculine and feminine plural accidentals)

  1. accidental

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French accidentel.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ak.t͡ʃi.denˈtal/

Adjective[edit]

accidental m, n (feminine singular accidentală, masculine plural accidentali, feminine and neuter plural accidentale)

  1. accidental

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Castilian) IPA(key): /aɡθidenˈtal/, [aɣθiðẽn̪ˈt̪al]
  • (Latin America) IPA(key): /aɡsidenˈtal/, [aɣsiðẽn̪ˈt̪al]

Adjective[edit]

accidental (plural accidentales)

  1. nonessential
  2. accidental

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

accidental m (plural accidentales)

  1. (music) accidental
    Synonyms: accidente

Further reading[edit]