substantive

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old French substantif.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈsʌbstəntɪv/, /səbˈstæntɪv/

Adjective[edit]

substantive (comparative more substantive, superlative most substantive)

  1. of the essence or essential element of a thing; as, "substantive information"
    • 2012 October 6, “The first presidential debate: Back in the centre, back in the game”, in The Economist[1]:
      In one sense the first debate achieved the worst of all worlds: it managed to be technical, even dull, without being substantive or especially honest.
    Synonyms: essential, in essence
  2. having substance; enduring; solid; firm; substantial
    • 1836 [1829], William Hazlitt, “Definition of wit”, in Literary Remains of the Late William Hazlitt[2], page 19:
      Once more then, strength and magnitude are qualities which impress the imagination in a powerful and substantive manner;
    Synonyms: meaty, substantial
    Antonym: superficial
  3. (law) applying to essential legal principles and rules of right; as, "substantive law"
    Antonyms: adjective, procedural
  4. (chemistry) of a dye that does not need the use of a mordant to be made fast to that which is being dyed
    Antonym: adjective
  5. Depending on itself; independent.
    • 1765 [1627], Francis Bacon, “New Atlantis”, in The Works of Francis Bacon[3], page 356:
      He therefore taking into consideration, how sufficient and substantive this land was to maintain itself without any aid at all of the foreigner,
  6. (grammar) used like a noun substantive
    Synonym: substantival
  7. (military, of a rank or appointment) actually and legally held, as distinct from an acting, temporary or honorary rank or appointment

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

substantive (plural substantives)

  1. (grammar) a word that names a person, place, thing or idea; a noun (sensu stricto) [from 16th c.]
    Synonyms: noun (sensu stricto), noun substantive
    Hypernym: noun (sensu lato)
  2. Part of a text that carries the meaning, such as words and their ordering.
    Coordinate term: accidental

Alternative forms[edit]

  • subst. (abbreviation used in lexicography and grammar)

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

substantive (third-person singular simple present substantives, present participle substantiving, simple past and past participle substantived)

  1. (grammar, very rare) to make a word belonging to another part of speech into a substantive (that is, a noun) or use it as a noun
    Synonyms: substantivize, nominalize

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

substantive

  1. feminine singular of substantif

Interlingue[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

substantive

  1. noun

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

substantīve

  1. vocative masculine singular of substantīvus

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

substantive

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of substantivar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of substantivar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of substantivar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of substantivar

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

substantive

  1. plural of substantiv

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

substantive

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of substantivar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of substantivar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of substantivar.
  4. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of substantivar.