essential

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin essentialis, from Latin essentia (being, essence).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɪˈsɛn.ʃəl/, [əˈsɛn.tʃəl]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: es‧sen‧tial

Adjective[edit]

essential (comparative more essential, superlative most essential)

  1. Necessary.
  2. Very important; of high importance.
    • 2013 May 17, George Monbiot, “Money just makes the rich suffer”, in The Guardian Weekly[1], volume 188, number 23, page 19:
      In order to grant the rich these pleasures, the social contract is reconfigured. The welfare state is dismantled. Essential public services are cut so that the rich may pay less tax. […]
  3. (biology) necessary for survival but not synthesized by the organism, thus needing to be ingested
  4. Being in the basic form; showing its essence.
    Don’t mind him being grumpy. That’s the essential Fred.
  5. Really existing; existent.
    • Webster (1623)
      Is it true, that thou art but a name, / And no essential thing?
  6. (of a lamination of a 3-manifold) Such that each complementary region is irreducible, the boundary of each complementary region is incompressible by disks and monogons in the complementary region, and no leaf is a sphere or a torus bounding a solid torus in the manifold.
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  7. (medicine) Idiopathic.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Noun[edit]

essential (plural essentials)

  1. A necessary ingredient.
  2. A fundamental ingredient.

(Can we add an example for this sense?)

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

essentiāl n (genitive essentiālis); third declension

  1. essentials (essential qualities)

Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter.

Case Singular Plural
nominative essentiāl essentiāla
genitive essentiālis essentiālum
dative essentiālī essentiālibus
accusative essentiāl essentiāla
ablative essentiāle essentiālibus
vocative essentiāl essentiāla

Related terms[edit]