fundamental

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English[edit]

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for fundamental in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin fundamentālis, from Latin fundamentum (foundation), from fundō (to lay the foundation (of something), to found), from fundus (bottom), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰudʰmḗn.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˌfʌndəˈmɛntəl/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: fun‧da‧men‧tal

Noun[edit]

fundamental (plural fundamentals)

  1. (usually in the plural) A leading or primary principle, rule, law, or article, which serves as the groundwork of a system; an essential part
    one of the fundamentals of linear algebra
  2. (physics) The lowest frequency of a periodic waveform.
  3. (music) The lowest partial of a complex tone.

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fundamental (comparative more fundamental, superlative most fundamental)

  1. Pertaining to the foundation or basis; serving for the foundation.
  2. Essential, as an element, principle, or law; important; original; elementary.
    a fundamental truth;   a fundamental axiom
    A need for belonging seems fundamental to humans.
    • 2013 June 28, Joris Luyendijk, “Our banks are out of control”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 3, page 21:
      Seeing the British establishment struggle with the financial sector is like watching an alcoholic […].  Until 2008 there was denial over what finance had become. […]  But the scandals kept coming, […]. A broad section of the political class now recognises the need for change but remains unable to see the necessity of a fundamental overhaul. Instead it offers fixes and patches.

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Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From fundament +‎ -al.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fɔndaməntaːl/, [fɔnd̥amənˈtˢæːˀl]
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

fundamental

  1. basic, fundamental

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of fundamental
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular fundamental 2
Neuter singular fundamentalt 2
Plural fundamentale 2
Definite attributive1 fundamentale
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

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Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin fundāmentālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Adjective[edit]

fundamental m or f (plural fundamentais)

  1. fundamental

Further reading[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin fundāmentālis; synchronically analyzable as Fundament +‎ -al.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fʊndamɛnˈtaːl/
  • Hyphenation: fun‧da‧men‧tal
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

fundamental (comparative fundamentaler, superlative am fundamentalsten)

  1. fundamental

Declension[edit]

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Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin fundamentalis

Adjective[edit]

fundamental (masculine and feminine fundamental, neuter fundamentalt, definite singular and plural fundamentale)

  1. fundamental, basic

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Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin fundamentalis

Adjective[edit]

fundamental (masculine and feminine fundamental, neuter fundamentalt, definite singular and plural fundamentale)

  1. fundamental, basic

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References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin fundāmentālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˌfũ.da.mẽ.ˈtaw/, /fũ.ˌda.mẽ.ˈtaw/
  • Hyphenation: fun‧da‧men‧tal

Adjective[edit]

fundamental m or f (plural fundamentais, comparable)

  1. fundamental; essential (pertaining to the basic part or notion of something)
    Synonyms: essencial, básico

Derived terms[edit]

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Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French fondamental, from Latin fundamentalis

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fundamental m or n (feminine singular fundamentală, masculine plural fundamentali, feminine and neuter plural fundamentale)

  1. fundamental

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Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin fundāmentālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fundamenˈtal/, [fũn̪d̪amẽn̪ˈt̪al]
  • Hyphenation: fun‧da‧men‧tal

Adjective[edit]

fundamental (plural fundamentales)

  1. fundamental

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fundamental (not comparable)

  1. fundamental

Declension[edit]

Inflection of fundamental
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular fundamental mer fundamental mest fundamental
Neuter singular fundamentalt mer fundamentalt mest fundamentalt
Plural fundamentala mer fundamentala mest fundamentala
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 fundamentale mer fundamentale mest fundamentale
All fundamentala mer fundamentala mest fundamentala
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.

References[edit]