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fundō +‎ -mentum





fundāmentum n (genitive fundāmentī); second declension

  1. foundation
    Synonym: fundāmen
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 1.427–428:
      hīc portūs aliī effodiunt; hīc alta theātrīs
      fundāmenta locant aliī [...].
      Here some [workers] are excavating a harbor; there others lay deep foundations for theaters [...].
  2. beginning
  3. basis
    Synonyms: basis, crepīdō



Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative fundāmentum fundāmenta
Genitive fundāmentī fundāmentōrum
Dative fundāmentō fundāmentīs
Accusative fundāmentum fundāmenta
Ablative fundāmentō fundāmentīs
Vocative fundāmentum fundāmenta




  • fundamentum”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • fundamentum”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • fundamentum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • fundamentum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to lay the foundations: fundamenta iacere, agere