fundo

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See also: fundó

Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

fundo

  1. first-person singular present indicative form of fundar

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin fundus. Doublet of fono.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈfundo]
  • Audio:
    (file)
  • Rhymes: -undo
  • Hyphenation: fun‧do

Noun[edit]

fundo (accusative singular fundon, plural fundoj, accusative plural fundojn)

  1. bottom

Derived terms[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

fundo (plural fundos)

  1. base, bottom

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

fundo

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ふんど

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Italic *hundō (with fūsus for *fussus after fūdī), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰewd-. The change h- > f- is irregular (before -u-? Weiss, Outline, p. 77f.). Cognates include Ancient Greek χέω (khéō) and Old English ġēotan.

Verb[edit]

fundō (present infinitive fundere, perfect active fūdī, supine fūsum); third conjugation, limited passive

  1. (transitive) I pour out, shed
    Synonyms: effundō, confundō, diffundō, dēfundō, differō, indūcō, sternō, dissipō
  2. (military) I overthrow, overcome, rout, vanquish an enemy, rout, scatter
    Synonyms: conquestō, dēvincō, vincō, superō, domō, prōflīgō, caedō, obruō, prōsternō, sternō, opprimō, ēvincō, exsuperō, pellō, impellō, subiciō, premō, subigō, dissipō
  3. I throw or cast to the ground, prostrate
    Synonyms: prōsternō, sternō, prōflīgō, ruō
  4. (transitive) I found, make by smelting
  5. (transitive, figuratively) I moisten, wet
  6. (transitive) I extend, spread out
    Synonym: sternō
  7. (transitive) I utter
Conjugation[edit]
   Conjugation of fundō (third conjugation, only third-person forms in passive)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present fundō fundis fundit fundimus funditis fundunt
imperfect fundēbam fundēbās fundēbat fundēbāmus fundēbātis fundēbant
future fundam fundēs fundet fundēmus fundētis fundent
perfect fūdī fūdistī fūdit fūdimus fūdistis fūdērunt,
fūdēre
pluperfect fūderam fūderās fūderat fūderāmus fūderātis fūderant
future perfect fūderō fūderis fūderit fūderimus fūderitis fūderint
passive present funditur funduntur
imperfect fundēbātur fundēbantur
future fundētur fundentur
perfect fūsus est fūsī sunt
pluperfect fūsus erat fūsī erant
future perfect fūsus erit fūsī erunt
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present fundam fundās fundat fundāmus fundātis fundant
imperfect funderem funderēs funderet funderēmus funderētis funderent
perfect fūderim fūderīs fūderit fūderīmus fūderītis fūderint
pluperfect fūdissem fūdissēs fūdisset fūdissēmus fūdissētis fūdissent
passive present fundātur fundantur
imperfect funderētur funderentur
perfect fūsus sit fūsī sint
pluperfect fūsus esset,
fūsus foret
fūsī essent,
fūsī forent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present funde fundite
future funditō funditō funditōte funduntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives fundere fūdisse fūsūrum esse fundī fūsum esse fūsum īrī
participles fundēns fūsūrus fūsus fundendus,
fundundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
fundendī fundendō fundendum fundendō fūsum fūsū
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Possible Latinisms:

Early borrowings:

References[edit]

  • fundo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • fundo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • fundo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • fundo in Enrico Olivetti, editor (2003-2022) Dizionario Latino, Olivetti Media Communication
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the earth brings forth fruit abundantly: terra fundit fruges
    • to write poetry with facility: carmina , versus fundere (De Or. 3. 50)
    • property in land; real property: fundi
    • to rout the enemy's forces: fundere hostium copias
    • to utterly rout the enemy: caedere et fundere hostem
    • to utterly rout the enemy: fundere et fugare hostem
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  • von Wartburg, Walther (1928–2002), “fŭndere”, in Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume 3: D–F, page 863

Etymology 2[edit]

From fundus (bottom, lowest point).

Verb[edit]

fundō (present infinitive fundāre, perfect active fundāvī, supine fundātum); first conjugation

  1. (transitive) I found, establish, lay the foundation
    Synonyms: exaedificō, inaedificō, aedificō, condō, struō, cōnstruō, compōnō, cōnstituō, statuō, mōlior
  2. (transitive, figuratively) I secure, make firm
Conjugation[edit]
   Conjugation of fundō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present fundō fundās fundat fundāmus fundātis fundant
imperfect fundābam fundābās fundābat fundābāmus fundābātis fundābant
future fundābō fundābis fundābit fundābimus fundābitis fundābunt
perfect fundāvī fundāvistī fundāvit fundāvimus fundāvistis fundāvērunt,
fundāvēre
pluperfect fundāveram fundāverās fundāverat fundāverāmus fundāverātis fundāverant
future perfect fundāverō fundāveris fundāverit fundāverimus fundāveritis fundāverint
passive present fundor fundāris,
fundāre
fundātur fundāmur fundāminī fundantur
imperfect fundābar fundābāris,
fundābāre
fundābātur fundābāmur fundābāminī fundābantur
future fundābor fundāberis,
fundābere
fundābitur fundābimur fundābiminī fundābuntur
perfect fundātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect fundātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect fundātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present fundem fundēs fundet fundēmus fundētis fundent
imperfect fundārem fundārēs fundāret fundārēmus fundārētis fundārent
perfect fundāverim fundāverīs fundāverit fundāverīmus fundāverītis fundāverint
pluperfect fundāvissem fundāvissēs fundāvisset fundāvissēmus fundāvissētis fundāvissent
passive present funder fundēris,
fundēre
fundētur fundēmur fundēminī fundentur
imperfect fundārer fundārēris,
fundārēre
fundārētur fundārēmur fundārēminī fundārentur
perfect fundātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect fundātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present fundā fundāte
future fundātō fundātō fundātōte fundantō
passive present fundāre fundāminī
future fundātor fundātor fundantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives fundāre fundāvisse fundātūrum esse fundārī fundātum esse fundātum īrī
participles fundāns fundātūrus fundātus fundandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
fundandī fundandō fundandum fundandō fundātum fundātū
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

fundō

  1. dative/ablative singular of fundus

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Portuguese fundo, fondo, from Latin fundus (bottom), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰudʰmḗn.

Adjective[edit]

fundo (feminine funda, masculine plural fundos, feminine plural fundas)

  1. deep (having its bottom far down)
    Synonym: profundo
    Antonyms: raso, superficial

Noun[edit]

fundo m (plural fundos)

  1. bottom
    Antonyms: cume, superfície, topo
  2. background (a part of the picture that depicts scenery to the rear or behind the main subject)
  3. fund
  4. (finance, insurance) capital (money and wealth)
  5. (sports) long-distance
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

fundo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of fundar
    fundo uma instituiçãoI am founding an institution

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

fundo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of fundir
    fundo ouroI am smelting gold

Spanish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin fundus. Doublet of fondo.

Noun[edit]

fundo m (plural fundos)

  1. country estate, farm
    Synonym: finca

Etymology 2[edit]

See fundar.

Verb[edit]

fundo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of fundar

Etymology 3[edit]

See fundir.

Verb[edit]

fundo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of fundir

Further reading[edit]


Swahili[edit]

fundo

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fundo (ma class, plural mafundo)

  1. a knot (looping of string)
  2. a joint of the body
  3. a cluster (group or bunch of things)