effundo

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ex- (out of) +‎ fundō (pour).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

effundō (present infinitive effundere, perfect active effūdī, supine effūsum); third conjugation

  1. (of liquids) I pour out, shed, spread abroad, drain off.
    Eheu! Ego aquam effundo.
    Alas! I pour out the water.
  2. I pour, drive, cast or send out, shower, discharge.
  3. (reflexive or passive) I pour or rush out, spread abroad.
  4. (reflexive) I give myself up to, yield to, indulge in.
  5. I lavish, squander, expend, waste, run through.
  6. I cast away, give up, let go, dismiss, resign.
  7. I relax, loosen, slacken, let go.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of effundo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present effundō effundis effundit effundimus effunditis effundunt
imperfect effundēbam effundēbās effundēbat effundēbāmus effundēbātis effundēbant
future effundam effundēs effundet effundēmus effundētis effundent
perfect effūdī effūdistī effūdit effūdimus effūdistis effūdērunt, effūdēre
pluperfect effūderam effūderās effūderat effūderāmus effūderātis effūderant
future perfect effūderō effūderis effūderit effūderimus effūderitis effūderint
passive present effundor effunderis, effundere effunditur effundimur effundiminī effunduntur
imperfect effundēbar effundēbāris, effundēbāre effundēbātur effundēbāmur effundēbāminī effundēbantur
future effundar effundēris, effundēre effundētur effundēmur effundēminī effundentur
perfect effūsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect effūsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect effūsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present effundam effundās effundat effundāmus effundātis effundant
imperfect effunderem effunderēs effunderet effunderēmus effunderētis effunderent
perfect effūderim effūderīs effūderit effūderīmus effūderītis effūderint
pluperfect effūdissem effūdissēs effūdisset effūdissēmus effūdissētis effūdissent
passive present effundar effundāris, effundāre effundātur effundāmur effundāminī effundantur
imperfect effunderer effunderēris, effunderēre effunderētur effunderēmur effunderēminī effunderentur
perfect effūsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect effūsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present effunde effundite
future effunditō effunditō effunditōte effunduntō
passive present effundere effundiminī
future effunditor effunditor effunduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives effundere effūdisse effūsūrus esse effundī effūsus esse effūsum īrī
participles effundēns effūsūrus effūsus effundendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
effundere effundendī effundendō effundendum effūsum effūsū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • effundo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • effundo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • effundo” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the river is over its banks, is in flood: flumen super ripas effunditur
    • to burst into a flood of tears: lacrimas, vim lacrimarum effundere, profundere
    • to be bathed in tears: in lacrimas effundi or lacrimis perfundi
    • to shed one's blood for one's fatherland: sanguinem suum pro patria effundere or profundere
    • to find relief in tears: dolorem in lacrimas effundere
    • to vent one's anger, spite on some one: virus acerbitatis suae effundere in aliquem (De Amic. 23. 87)
    • to vent one's anger, spite on some one: iram in aliquem effundere
    • to plunge into excesses, a career of excess: in luxuriam effundi
    • to squander one's money, one's patrimony: effundere, profundere pecuniam, patrimonium