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  • IPA(key): /abˈsolvo/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -olvo


absolvo (accusative singular absolvon, plural absolvoj, accusative plural absolvojn)

  1. absolution



From ab- (from, away from) +‎ solvō (release, loosen, dissolve, take apart).



absolvō (present infinitive absolvere, perfect active absolvī, supine absolūtum); third conjugation

  1. I release, discharge
    Synonyms: persolvō, līberō, excipiō, eximō, ēmittō, exonerō
  2. I loosen from, make loose, detach, untie
    Synonyms: distraho, persolvo, solvo, explicō
    Antonyms: ligō, colligō, illigō, cōnserō, cōnfīgō, adalligō, alligō, dēligō, nectō, cōnectō, dēfīgō, fīgō
  3. (figuratively) I pay off
    Synonyms: ērogō, pendo, luo, persolvo, dissolvo, solvo
  4. (figuratively) I complete, finish
    Synonyms: perficiō, cōnficiō, dēfungor, agō, expleō, patrō, cumulō, efficiō, conclūdō, condō, peragō, impleō, exsequor, fungor, nāvō, perpetrō, trānsigō, gerō, claudō, inclūdō, exhauriō
  5. I liberate
    Synonyms: līberō, eximō, vindicō, servō, excipiō, exonerō
    Antonyms: refrēnō, coerceō, saepiō, officiō, obstō, comprimō, impediō, arceō, supprimō
  6. (law) I absolve, acquit, declare innocent
    Synonyms: līberō, exonerō
    Antonym: coarguō


   Conjugation of absolvō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present absolvō absolvis absolvit absolvimus absolvitis absolvunt
imperfect absolvēbam absolvēbās absolvēbat absolvēbāmus absolvēbātis absolvēbant
future absolvam absolvēs absolvet absolvēmus absolvētis absolvent
perfect absolvī absolvistī absolvit absolvimus absolvistis absolvērunt,
pluperfect absolveram absolverās absolverat absolverāmus absolverātis absolverant
future perfect absolverō absolveris absolverit absolverimus absolveritis absolverint
passive present absolvor absolveris,
absolvitur absolvimur absolviminī absolvuntur
imperfect absolvēbar absolvēbāris,
absolvēbātur absolvēbāmur absolvēbāminī absolvēbantur
future absolvar absolvēris,
absolvētur absolvēmur absolvēminī absolventur
perfect absolūtus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect absolūtus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect absolūtus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present absolvam absolvās absolvat absolvāmus absolvātis absolvant
imperfect absolverem absolverēs absolveret absolverēmus absolverētis absolverent
perfect absolverim absolverīs absolverit absolverīmus absolverītis absolverint
pluperfect absolvissem absolvissēs absolvisset absolvissēmus absolvissētis absolvissent
passive present absolvar absolvāris,
absolvātur absolvāmur absolvāminī absolvantur
imperfect absolverer absolverēris,
absolverētur absolverēmur absolverēminī absolverentur
perfect absolūtus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect absolūtus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present absolve absolvite
future absolvitō absolvitō absolvitōte absolvuntō
passive present absolvere absolviminī
future absolvitor absolvitor absolvuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives absolvere absolvisse absolūtūrum esse absolvī absolūtum esse absolūtum īrī
participles absolvēns absolūtūrus absolūtus absolvendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
absolvendī absolvendō absolvendum absolvendō absolūtum absolūtū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • absolvo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • absolvo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • absolvo in Enrico Olivetti, editor (2003-2022) Dizionario Latino, Olivetti Media Communication
  • absolvo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to bring to the highest perfection: perficere et absolvere
    • to explain a matter briefly, in a few words (not paucis verbis): rem paucis absolvere (Sall. Iug. 17. 2)
    • to settle, finish a transaction: negotium (rem) conficere, absolvere
    • to repeal a death-sentence passed on a person: capitis absolvere aliquem
    • in short; to be brief: ut paucis (rem) absolvam




  1. first-person singular (eu) present indicative of absolver