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Perfect passive participle of absolvō (loosen, absolve).



absolūtus m (feminine absolūta, neuter absolūtum); first/second declension

  1. concluded, finished, complete, having been ended.
  2. unrestricted, unconditional, absolute.
  3. (grammar) which gives its sense without modification; which lacks case; which stands in the positive.
  4. (law) absolved, acquitted, having been declared innocent.
  5. fluent
  6. perfect, pure


First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative absolūtus absolūta absolūtum absolūtī absolūtae absolūta
genitive absolūtī absolūtae absolūtī absolūtōrum absolūtārum absolūtōrum
dative absolūtō absolūtō absolūtīs
accusative absolūtum absolūtam absolūtum absolūtōs absolūtās absolūta
ablative absolūtō absolūtā absolūtō absolūtīs
vocative absolūte absolūta absolūtum absolūtī absolūtae absolūta

Related terms[edit]



  • absolutus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • absolutus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “absolutus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • absolutus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • absolutely perfect: absolutus et perfectus
    • perfect in every detail: omnibus numeris absolutus (N. D. 2. 13)
    • a master-piece of classical work: opus omnibus numeris absolutum
  • absolutus in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016