ab-

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin ab-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epo (off, away) (English off, of).[1] See Proto-Indo-European *apo- (English apo-, via Ancient Greek).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • a- (found if the root word started with m, p, or v)
  • abs- (found if the root word started with c or t)

Prefix[edit]

ab-

  1. (non-productive) From.
    ab- + ‎sorb → ‎absorb
  2. (non-productive) Away from; outside of.
    ab- + ‎normal → ‎abnormal
    ab- + ‎axial → ‎abaxial

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation of absolute.

Prefix[edit]

ab-

  1. (physics) A unit of electromagnetic charge in the centimeter-gram-second system: the abcoulomb.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 [1998], →ISBN), page 1
  • ab- at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German ab, from Proto-Germanic *ab.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Standard German) IPA(key): /ap/, [ʔäpʰ]
  • (Switzerland) IPA(key): /ab̥/

Prefix[edit]

ab-

  1. Separable verb prefix that indicates removal or quitting, off, away.
    ab- + ‎fahren (to drive) → ‎abfahren (to depart, drive away)
    ab- + ‎spülen (to rinse, wash) → ‎abspülen (to rinse off, wash off)
  2. Separable verb prefix that indicates a downward movement, down.
  3. Separable verb prefix that indicates from or of.
  4. Noun prefix that indicates deviation or being different from the source.
    ab- + ‎Art (kind, sort) → ‎Abart (variety, variant, anomality)
    ab- + ‎Gott (God) → ‎Abgott (idol; god other than the true God)
    ab- + ‎Laut (sound) → ‎Ablaut (ablaut; vowel gradation or alternation)

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ab (from, of, away from)

Prefix[edit]

ab-

  1. from, away, away from
  2. off
  3. at a distance
  4. completely, thoroughly
  5. absence of
  6. more remote

Usage notes[edit]

  • Before b, m, sp and v, the prefix becomes ā-.
  • Before c and t, the prefix becomes abs-.
  • Before f, the prefix becomes au-.
  • Before p, the prefix becomes as- (but with some exceptions).

Derived terms[edit]