ab-

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin ab-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epo ‎(off, away) (English off, of).[1] See Proto-Indo-European *apo- (English apo-, via Ancient Greek).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • a- (found if the root word started with m, p, or v)
  • abs- (found if the root word started with c or t)

Prefix[edit]

ab-

  1. (non-productive) From
    absorb
  2. (non-productive) Away from; outside of.
    abnormal, abaxial.

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation of absolute.

Prefix[edit]

ab-

  1. (physics) A unit of electromagnetic charge in the centimeter-gram-second system: the abcoulomb.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 [1998], ISBN 0550142304), page 1
  • ab- at OneLook Dictionary Search

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German ab, from Proto-Germanic *ab.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Standard German) IPA(key): /ap/, [ʔäpʰ]
  • (Switzerland) IPA(key): /ab̥/

Prefix[edit]

ab-

  1. Separable verb prefix, from.
    ab- + ‎fahren ‎(to leave) → ‎abfahren ‎(to depart from)
  2. Separable verb prefix that indicates removal or quitting, off.
    ab- + ‎spülen ‎(to rinse, wash) → ‎abspülen ‎(to rinse off, wash off)
  3. Separable verb prefix that indicates a downward movement, down.
  4. Separable verb prefix that indicates from or of.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ab ‎(from, of, away from)

Prefix[edit]

ab-

  1. A prefix in many words of Latin origin. It signifies from, of, as in aboriginal, absorb, OR away, separating, or departure, as in abduct, abstract, abscond. See a-.