normal

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Normal and normál

English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Latin normālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

normal (comparative normaler or more normal, superlative normalest or most normal)

  1. according to norms or rules
    Organize the data into third normal form.
  2. healthy; not sick or ill
    John is feeling normal again.
  3. (education, of a school) teaching teachers how to teach (to certain norms)
    My grandmother attended Mankato State Normal School.
  4. (chemistry) of, relating to, or being a solution containing one equivalent weight of solute per litre of solution
  5. (organic chemistry) describing a straight chain isomer of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, or an aliphatic compound in which a substituent is in the 1- position of such a hydrocarbon
  6. (physics, of a mode in an oscillating system) in which all parts of an object vibrate at the same frequency (see normal mode)
  7. (rail transport, of points) in the default position, set for the most frequently used route
  8. (geometry) perpendicular to a tangent of a curve or derivative of a surface
    • The interior normal vector of a ideal perfect sphere will always point toward the center, and the exterior normal vector directly away, and both will always be co-linear with the ray whose' tip ends at the point of intersection, which is the intersection of all three sets of points.
  9. (mathematics) adhering to or being what is considered natural or regular in a particular field or context:
    1. (of a real number) whose digits, in any base representation, enjoy a uniform distribution
    2. (algebra, of a subgroup) with cosets which form a group
    3. (algebra, of a field extension of a field K) which is the splitting field of a family of polynomials in K
    4. (probability theory, statistics, of a distribution) which has a very specific bell curve shape; that is or has the qualities of a normal distribution
    5. (probability theory, statistics, of a random variable, etc.) which has a normal distribution; which is associated with random variable that has a normal distribution
    6. (complex analysis, of a family of continuous functions) which is pre-compact
    7. (set theory, of a function from the ordinals to the ordinals) which is strictly monotonically increasing and continuous with respect to the order topology
    8. (linear algebra, of a matrix) which commutes with its conjugate transpose
    9. (functional analysis, of a Hilbert space operator) Which commutes with its adjoint
    10. (category theory) being (as a morphism) or containing (as a category) only normal epimorphism(s) or monomorphism(s), that is, those which are the kernel or cokernel of some morphism, respectively
  10. (topology, of a topology) in which disjoint closed sets can be separated by disjoint neighborhoods

Usage notes[edit]

  • Warning: normal, when used to describe a majority group of people, can be considered offensive to those who do not consider membership of their own minority to be unusual. Care should be taken when juxtaposing normal, particularly with stereotypical labels, to avoid undue insult.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

normal (countable and uncountable, plural normals)

  1. (geometry) a line or vector that is perpendicular to another line, surface, or plane.
  2. (slang, countable) a person who is normal, who fits into mainstream society, as opposed to those who live alternative lifestyles.
  3. (uncountable) the usual state.
    His workload is now back to normal.
    Heavy workload is the new normal.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French normal.

Adjective[edit]

normal (masculine and feminine plural normals)

  1. normal
    Antonyms: anormal

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin normālis. Synchronically analysable as norme +‎ -al.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

normal (feminine singular normale, masculine plural normaux, feminine plural normales)

  1. normal (according to norms, usual, pertaining to a school to teach teachers how to teach)
    Antonyms: anormal

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

normal (comparative normaler, superlative am normalsten)

  1. normal

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from English.

Noun[edit]

normal m (genitive singular normail, nominative plural normail)

  1. (geometry, statistics, chemistry) normal

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • "normal" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “normal” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Ladin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

normal m (feminine singular normala, masculine plural normai, feminine plural normales)

  1. normal

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin normālis.

Adjective[edit]

normal (neuter singular normalt, definite singular and plural normale)

  1. normal, ordinary
    Antonyms: unormal

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin normālis.

Adjective[edit]

normal (neuter singular normalt, definite singular and plural normale)

  1. normal, ordinary
    Antonyms: unormal

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin normālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

normal m, f (plural normais, comparable)

  1. normal, standard, regular

Related terms[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French normal, Latin normālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

normal m, n (feminine singular normală, masculine plural normali, feminine and neuter plural normale)

  1. normal

Adverb[edit]

normal

  1. normally


Spanish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

normal (plural normales)

  1. normal, standard, regular
    Synonyms: regular, común
    Antonyms: anormal, raro, poco común
  2. (geometry) perpendicular
    Synonyms: perpendicular
    Antonyms: oblicuo, paralelo

Noun[edit]

normal f (plural normales)

  1. (education) a school for becoming a teacher

Related terms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From norm +‎ -al.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

normal (comparative normalare, superlative normalast)

  1. normal
    Antonyms: abnorm, onaturlig, onormal, sjuklig

Declension[edit]

Inflection of normal
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular normal normalare normalast
Neuter singular normalt normalare normalast
Plural normala normalare normalast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 normale normalare normalaste
All normala normalare normalaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

normal c

  1. (geometry) a normal (a line which is perpendicular to another line or to a surface)
    Antonyms: tangent

Declension[edit]

Declension of normal 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative normal normalen normaler normalerna
Genitive normals normalens normalers normalernas