normal

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See also: normál

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Latin normālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

normal ‎(comparative more normal, superlative most normal)

  1. According to norms or rules.
    Organize the data into third normal form.
  2. Healthy; not sick or ill.
    John is feeling normal again.
  3. (Of a school) teaching teachers how to teach (to certain norms).
    My grandmother attended Mankato State Normal School.
  4. (chemistry) Of, relating to, or being a solution containing one equivalent weight of solute per litre of solution.
  5. (organic chemistry) Describing a straight chain isomer of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, or an aliphatic compound in which a substituent is in the 1- position of such a hydrocarbon.
  6. (physics, of a mode in an oscillating system) In which all parts of an object vibrate at the same frequency (see normal mode).
  7. (rail transport, of points) in the default position, set for the most frequently used route.
  8. (geometry) Perpendicular to a tangent line or derivative of a surface in Euclidean space.
    • The interior normal vector of a ideal perfect sphere will always point toward the center, and the exterior normal vector directly away, and both will always be co-linear with the ray whose' tip ends at the point of intersection, which is the intersection of all three sets of points.
  9. (mathematics) Adhering to or being what is considered natural or regular in a particular field or context:
    1. (of a real number) Whose digits, in any base representation, enjoy a uniform distribution.
    2. (algebra, of a subgroup) With cosets which form a group.
    3. (algebra, of a field extension of a field K) Which is the splitting field of a family of polynomials in K.
    4. (probability theory, statistics, of a distribution) Which has a very specific bell curve shape.
    5. (complex analysis, of a family of continuous functions) Which is pre-compact.
    6. (set theory, of a function from the ordinals to the ordinals) Which is strictly monotonically increasing and continuous with respect to the order topology.
    7. (linear algebra, of a matrix) Which commutes with its conjugate transpose.
    8. (functional analysis, of a Hilbert space operator) Which commutes with its adjoint.
    9. (category theory) Being (as a morphism) or containing (as a category) only normal epimorphism(s) or monomorphism(s), that is, those which are the kernel or cokernel of some morphism, respectively.
  10. (topology, of a topology) In which disjoint closed sets can be separated by disjoint neighborhoods.

Synonyms[edit]

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Translations[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Warning: normal, when used to describe a majority group of people, can be considered offensive to those who don't consider membership of their own minority to be unusual. Care should be taken when juxtaposing normal, particularly with stereotypical labels, to avoid undue insult.

Noun[edit]

normal ‎(countable and uncountable, plural normals)

  1. (geometry) A line or vector that is perpendicular to another line, surface, or plane.
  2. (slang, countable) A person who is normal, who fits into mainstream society, as opposed to those who live alternative lifestyles.
  3. (uncountable) the usual state
    His workload is now back to normal.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French normal.

Adjective[edit]

normal m, f ‎(masculine and feminine plural normals)

  1. normal

Antonyms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin normālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

normal m ‎(feminine singular normale, masculine plural normaux, feminine plural normales)

  1. normal (according to norms, usual, pertaining to a school to teach teachers how to teach)

Antonyms[edit]

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External links[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

normal ‎(comparative normaler, superlative am normalsten)

  1. normal

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Declension[edit]

External links[edit]


Ladin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

normal m (feminine singular normala, masculine plural normai, feminine plural normales)

  1. normal

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin normālis.

Adjective[edit]

normal ‎(neuter singular normalt, definite singular and plural normale)

  1. normal, ordinary

Antonyms[edit]

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References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin normālis.

Adjective[edit]

normal ‎(neuter singular normalt, definite singular and plural normale)

  1. normal, ordinary

Antonyms[edit]

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References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin normālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

normal m, f ‎(plural normais, comparable)

  1. normal, standard, regular

Related terms[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French normal, Latin normālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

normal

  1. normal

Adverb[edit]

normal

  1. normally


Spanish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

normal m, f ‎(plural normales)

  1. normal, standard, regular
  2. (geometry) perpendicular

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

normal f ‎(plural normales)

  1. (education) a school for becoming a teacher

Related terms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

norm +‎ -al

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

normal (comparative normalare, superlative normalast)

  1. normal

Declension[edit]

Inflection of normal
Indefinite/attributive Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular normal normalare normalast
Neuter singular normalt normalare normalast
Plural normala normalare normalast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 normale normalare normalaste
All normala normalare normalaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in an attributive role.

Related terms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

normal c

  1. a normal, a line which is perpendicular to another line or to a surface

Declension[edit]

Inflection of normal 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative normal normalen normaler normalerna
Genitive normals normalens normalers normalernas

Antonyms[edit]