reverse

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: reversé

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Anglo-Norman revers (noun, adjective), reverser (verb), Middle French revers (noun, adjectve), reverser (verb), and their source, Latin reversus (perfect passive participle), reversō (verb), from re- + versō.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɹɪˈvɜːs/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)s

Adjective[edit]

reverse (comparative more reverse, superlative most reverse)

  1. Opposite, contrary; going in the opposite direction. [from 14th c.]
    We ate the meal in reverse order, starting with dessert and ending with the starter.
    The mirror showed us a reverse view of the scene.
  2. Pertaining to engines, vehicle movement etc. moving in a direction opposite to the usual direction. [from 19th c.]
    He selected reverse gear.
  3. (rail transport, of points) To be in the non-default position; to be set for the lesser-used route.
  4. Turned upside down; greatly disturbed.
    • (Can we date this quote by Gower and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      He found the sea diverse / With many a windy storm reverse.
  5. (botany) Reversed.
    a reverse shell
  6. (genetics) In which cDNA synthetization is obtained from an RNA template.

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Adverb[edit]

reverse (comparative more reverse, superlative most reverse)

  1. (now rare) In a reverse way or direction; upside-down. [from 16thc. (from the 14thc. in Middle English)]
    • 1963, Donal Serrell Thomas, Points of Contact:
      The man was killed to feed his image fat / Within this pictured world that ran reverse, / Where miracles alone were ever plain.

Synonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

reverse (plural reverses)

  1. The opposite of something. [from 14th c.]
    We believed the Chinese weren't ready for us. In fact, the reverse was true.
  2. The act of going backwards; a reversal. [from 15th c.]
    • (Can we date this quote by Lamb and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      By a reverse of fortune, Stephen becomes rich.
  3. A piece of misfortune; a setback. [from 16th c.]
    • 1990, Peter Hopkirk, The Great Game, Folio Society 2010, p. 309:
      In fact, though the Russians did not yet know it, the British had met with a reverse.
  4. The tails side of a coin, or the side of a medal or badge that is opposite the obverse. [from 17th c.]
  5. The side of something facing away from a viewer, or from what is considered the front; the other side. [from 18th c.]
  6. The gear setting of an automobile that makes it travel backwards. [from 19th c.]
  7. A thrust in fencing made with a backward turn of the hand; a backhanded stroke.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  8. (surgery) A turn or fold made in bandaging, by which the direction of the bandage is changed.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

reverse (third-person singular simple present reverses, present participle reversing, simple past and past participle reversed)

  1. (transitive) To turn something around so that it faces the opposite direction or runs in the opposite sequence.
    to reverse the order of books on a shelf
    to reverse a portion of video footage
  2. (transitive) To turn something inside out or upside down.
    • (Can we date this quote by Sir W. Temple and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      A pyramid reversed may stand upon his point if balanced by admirable skill.
  3. (transitive) To transpose the positions of two things.
  4. (transitive) To change totally; to alter to the opposite.
  5. (obsolete, intransitive) To return, come back.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.4:
      Bene they all dead, and laide in dolefull herse? / Or doen they onely sleepe, and shall againe reuerse?
  6. (obsolete, transitive) To turn away; to cause to depart.
    • (Can we date this quote by Spenser and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      And that old dame said many an idle verse, / Out of her daughter's heart fond fancies to reverse.
  7. (obsolete, transitive) To cause to return; to recall.
    • (Can we date this quote by Spenser and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      And to his fresh remembrance did reverse / The ugly view of his deformed crimes.
  8. (law) To revoke a law, or to change a decision into its opposite.
    to reverse a judgment, sentence, or decree
    • 2020 April 8, “Network News: Emergency timetables and the number of services cut”, in Rail, page 15:
      From March 30, LNER was running around 40% of its trains and had suspended its Aberdeen, Inverness and Hull services, although it reversed the latter decision after Hull Trains suspended operations.
  9. (ergative) To cause a mechanism or a vehicle to operate or move in the opposite direction to normal.
  10. (chemistry) To change the direction of a reaction such that the products become the reactants and vice-versa.
  11. (rail transport, transitive) To place a set of points in the reverse position
  12. (rail transport, intransitive, of points) to move from the normal position to the reverse position
  13. To overthrow; to subvert.
    • 1703, Alexander Pope, transl., “The Thebais of Statius”, in The Works of Alexander Pope, London: H. Lintont et al., published 1751:
      These can divide, and these reverse, the state.
    • (Can we date this quote by Rogers and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Custom [] reverses even the distinctions of good and evil.

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

reverse

  1. first-person singular present indicative of reverser
  2. third-person singular present indicative of reverser
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of reverser
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of reverser
  5. second-person singular imperative of reverser

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Participle[edit]

reverse

  1. vocative masculine singular of reversus

References[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

reverse

  1. third-person singular present subjunctive of revărsa
  2. third-person plural present subjunctive of revărsa

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

reverse

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of reversar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of reversar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of reversar.
  4. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of reversar.