testa

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See also: testá and tèsta

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin testa.

Noun[edit]

testa (plural testas or testae or testæ)

  1. (botany) A seed coat.
    The testa develops from the tissue, the integument, originally surrounding the ovule.
    • 1840, James Scott Bowerbank, A History of the Fossil Fruits and Seeds of the London Clay, page 30,
      The seeds are furnished with a reticulated testa, very much in appearance like that of the seeds of two closely-allied pericarps in the cabinet of my friend Mr. Ward, of Wellclose-square, the names of which I have been unable to obtain, but which present strong evidence of belonging to the Malvaceæ.
    • 1969, C. W. Bennett, Seed Transmission of Plant Viruses, Alison Smith, Advances in Virus Research, Volume 14, page 224,
      In tests with the Lincoln and Virginia varieties of cowpea, Crowley (1959) found that, in plants infected with bean southern mosaic virus before blossoming, the virus was present in nearly 100% of the testae and endosperms of seeds of both varieties, but could not be detected in the embryos.
    • 1977, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, page 354,
      Thus, two conditions must be satisfied for the testas to have this effect: contact between the testas and the radicle, and the presence of at least half of the testas.
    • 2005, D. W. Dickson, D. De Waele, Nematode Parasites of Peanut, Michel Luc, Richard A. Sikora, John Bridge, Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Subtropical and Tropical Agriculture, page 419,
      A.[Aphelenchoides] arachidis is a parasite of pods, testae, roots and hypocotyls, but not the cotyledons, embryos or other parts of the plant (Bos, 1977a; Bridge et al., 1977).
    • 2007, J. Smartt, Evolution of American Phaseolus beans under domestication, Peter John Ucko, G. W. Dimbleby (editors), The Domestication and Exploitation of Plants and Animals, page 458,
      One of the most remarkable features of cultivated beans is the enormous range of testa colours and patterns which can be found.
  2. (marine biology) The external calciferous shell, or endoskeleton, of an echinoderm; the test.

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

testa

  1. third-person singular past historic of tester

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese testa (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria), from Latin testa (earthen pot).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

testa f (plural testas)

  1. forehead
    • 1390, José Luís Pensado Tomé (ed.), Os Miragres de Santiago. Versión gallega del Códice latino del siglo XII atribuido al papa Calisto I. Madrid: C.S.I.C., page 133:
      Et avia ẽno rrostro hũu palmo et meo en longo et ẽna barua hũu palmo, et ẽno nariz hũu meo palmo; et ẽna testa hũu palmo et pouquo mais
      He had a palmspan and a half in his face, and in the beard a palmspan, and half one in the nose; and in the front he had one palmspan and a little more
    • 1434, A. López Carreira (ed.), Libro de Notas de Álvaro Afonso, doc. 90:
      os quaes roçiins era huun delles ven preto con hun signal enna testa et ho outro ben çerbyño con huna mancha enna testa
      one of that horses was really dark, with a signal in his forehead, and the other was tawny with a spot in his forehead
    Synonym: fronte
  2. (figuratively) the whole head of a person
    • 1697, several authors, Fiestas Minervales. Santiago: Antonio Frayz, page 34:
      Dubido do que farei / Para saír desta enfeita / Maxino roer as uñas / E bourar mui ben na testa
      I'm dubious on what to do / To exit of this preparation / I imagine gnawing my nails / And ably beating my head
    Synonyms: cabeza, cachola, croca
  3. limit of a property
    Synonyms: derrego, estremeiro, límite, lindeiro
  4. fore
    Synonym: fronte
  5. lid
    Synonym: tello
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin texta (woven).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

testa f sg

  1. thick, dense (feminine singular of testo)

References[edit]

  • testa” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • testa” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • testa” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • testa” in Santamarina, Antón (dir.), Ernesto González Seoane, María Álvarez de la Granja: Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega (v 4.0). Santiago: ILG.
  • testa” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈtɛs.ta/, [ˈt̪ɛs̪t̪ä]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛsta
  • Stress: tèsta
  • Hyphenation: te‧sta

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin testa.

Noun[edit]

testa f (plural teste)

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it
  1. head, obverse
  2. (anatomy) head (of a bone)
Synonyms[edit]
  • (part of the body): capo
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

testa

  1. third-person singular present indicative of testare
  2. second-person singular imperative of testare

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

testa f (genitive testae); first declension

  1. a piece of burned clay, brick, tile
  2. (transf.) a piece of baked earthenware
    1. an earthen pot, pitcher, jug, urn
    2. a sherd, potsherd
    3. a piece of bone
    4. ostracon (= ὄστρακον (óstrakon))
    5. the shell of shellfish or of testaceous animals, shellfish, skull
  3. a sort of clapping with the flat of the hands (as if with two tiles), in token of applause, invented by Nero

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative testa testae
genitive testae testārum
dative testae testīs
accusative testam testās
ablative testā testīs
vocative testa testae

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ testa in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Latvian[edit]

Noun[edit]

testa m

  1. genitive singular form of tests

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

testa

  1. simple past of teste
  2. past participle of teste

Old Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin testa.

Noun[edit]

testa f (oblique plural testas, nominative singular testa, nominative plural testas)

  1. head

Portuguese[edit]

testa

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Portuguese testa, from Latin testa.

Noun[edit]

testa f (plural testas)

  1. forehead (part of the face above the eyebrows and below the hairline)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

testa

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of testar
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of testar

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French tester.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

a testa (third-person singular present testează, past participle testat1st conj.

  1. (transitive) to test; to try
    Synonym: încerca

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]


Romansch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin testa (pot).

Noun[edit]

testa f (plural testas)

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Surmiran, Puter, Vallader) head

Usage notes[edit]

In Rumantsch Grischun, the literary standard language, testa is used in the figurative sense, and chau in the anatomical sense. Usage differs somewhat, however, between dialects.

Synonyms[edit]


Sicilian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin testa (brick).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /t̪ʲɛs(ʃ)ta/
  • Hyphenation: te‧sta

Noun[edit]

testa f (plural testi)

  1. (anatomy) head
  2. intelligent person
  3. intelligence

Spanish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin testa.

Noun[edit]

testa f (plural testas)

  1. head
  2. test (shell or endoskeleton of an echinoderm or certain plankton)

Etymology 2[edit]

Inflected form of testar.

Verb[edit]

testa

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of testar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of testar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of testar.
Derived terms[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

testa (present testar, preterite testade, supine testat, imperative testa)

  1. try, attempt; to see if a specific action is possible; also to see if a device works properly.

Conjugation[edit]