English [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , from schelle (Anglian) Old English 'eggshell, seashell', (South) scell , sciell , from sciel Proto-Germanic (compare West Frisian *skaljō ( skyl “ peel, rind ”), Dutch ( schil “ peel, skin, rink ”), Low German ( Schell “ shell, scale ”)), from Proto-Indo-European ( *(s)kelH- “ to split, cleave ”) (compare Irish ( scelec “ pebble ”), Latin ( silex “ pebble, flint ”), ( siliqua “ pod ”), Old Church Slavonic ( сколика skolika, “ shell ”)). More at . Doublet of shale . sheal
Pronunciation [ edit ]
shell ( plural ) shells
hard external covering of an animal.
calcareous or chitinous external covering of mollusks, crustaceans, and some other invertebrates.
In some mollusks, as the cuttlefish, the shell is concealed by the animal's outer mantle and is considered internal.
Genuine mother of pearl buttons are made from sea shells.
( by extension ) Any mollusk having such a covering.
( entomology ) The exoskeleton or wing covers of certain insects. The conjoined
scutes that comprise the "shell" ( carapace) of a tortoise or turtle. The overlapping hard
plates comprising the armor covering the armadillo's body. The hard
calcareous covering of a bird egg. The hard external covering of various
plant seed forms.
The covering, or outside part, of a
The black walnut and the hickory nut, both of the same Genus as the pecan, have much thicker and harder shells than the pecan. A
pod containing the seeds of certain plants, such as the legume . Phaseolus vulgaris
( in the plural ) Husks of cacao seeds, a decoction of which is sometimes used as a substitute or adulterant for cocoa and its products such as chocolate. The accreted mineral formed around a hollow
casing of a self-contained single-unit artillery projectile. A
hollow usually spherical or cylindrical projectile fired from a siege mortar or a smoothbore cannon. It contains an explosive substance designed to be ignited by a fuse or by percussion at the target site so that it will burst and scattered at high velocity its contents and fragments. Formerly called a bomb. The
cartridge of a breechloading firearm; a load; a bullet; a round. Any slight hollow structure; a
framework, or exterior structure, regarded as not complete or filled in, as the shell of a house. A garment, usually worn by women, such as a shirt,
blouse, or top, with short sleeves or no sleeves, that often fastens in the rear. A
coarse or flimsy coffin; a thin interior coffin enclosed within a more substantial one.
(Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
( music ) A string instrument, as a lyre, whose acoustical chamber is formed like a shell.
The first lyre may have been made by drawing
strings over the underside of a tortoise shell.
when Jubal struck the chorded
( music ) The body of a drum; the often wooden, often cylindrical acoustic chamber, with or without rims added for tuning and for attaching the drum head. An
engraved copper roller used in print works.
( nautical ) The watertight outer covering of the hull of a vessel, often made with planking or metal plating.
( nautical , rigging ) The outer frame or case of a block within which the sheaves revolve.
( nautical ) A light boat whose frame is covered with thin wood, impermeable fabric, or water-proofed paper; a racing shell or dragon boat.
( computing ) An operating system software user interface, whose primary purpose is to launch other programs and control their interactions; the user's command interpreter.
The name shell originates from it being viewed as an outer layer of interface between the user and the internals of the operating system.
The name "Bash" is an acronym which stands for "Bourne-again shell", itself a pun on the name of the "Bourne shell", an earlier Unix shell designed by Stephen Bourne, and the Christian concept of being "born again".
( chemistry ) A set of atomic orbitals that have the same principal quantum number. An emaciated person.
He's lost so much weight from illness; he's a shell of his former self. A psychological barrier to social interaction.
Even after months of therapy he's still in his shell.
( business ) A legal entity that has no operations.
A shell corporation was formed to acquire the old factory. A concave rough cast-iron tool in which a
convex lens is ground to shape. A
gouge bit or shell bit.
Derived terms [ edit ]
terms derived from
Translations [ edit ]
hard calcareous or chitinous external covering of many invertebrates
صَدَفَة ( f ṣadafa)
صدفة ( f ṣadafa) Armenian:
( խեցի xecʿi), ( պատյան patyan) Catalan:
closca , f conquilla , f conxa f Chinese:
貝 , (zh) 贝 ( (zh) bèi), , 貝殼 贝壳 ( (zh) bèiké) Czech:
ulita (cs) f (of molluscs), krunýř m (of crustaceans) Dutch:
schelp (nl) f Esperanto:
koor , (et) karp (et) ( of a mollusc , ) koda ( of a mollusc , ) kilp ( of an arthropod or a turtle ) Faroese:
skel f Finnish:
kuori , (fi) kilpi , (fi) panssari ( (fi) from thinnest to thickest) French:
coquille (fr) , f coquillage (fr) m Georgian:
( ნიჟარა nižara) German:
Schale (de) f Greek:
όστρακο (el) ( n óstrako) Hawaiian:
, pūpū , pū ʻolē Hungarian:
kagyló (hu) Icelandic:
skel (is) f Indonesian:
kerang (id) Irish:
sliogán (ga) m
conchiglia (it) f Japanese:
殻 ( (ja) ), から, kara 貝殻 ( (ja) ) かいがら, kaigara Norman:
êcale f Luxembourgish:
Schuel f Manx:
bleayst f Maori:
, anga kota Navajo:
atsʼaʼ Northern Sami:
صدف ( (fa) sadaf), شنج ( (fa) šonj) Portuguese:
concha (pt) f Romanian:
scoică , (ro) cochilie (ro) Russian:
ра́ковина (ru) ( f rákovina) ( of a mollusc , ) раку́шка (ru) ( f rakúška), ра́кушка (ru) ( f rákuška), па́нцирь (ru) ( m páncirʹ) ( of an arthropod or a turtle ) Scottish Gaelic:
cochall m Serbo-Croatian:
шко̑љка f Roman:
škȏljka f Slovene:
školjka (sl) f ( of a mollusc , ) oklep (sl) m ( of an athropod, turtle ) Spanish:
concha (es) f Swedish:
skal (sv) n Thai:
กระดอง ( (th) grà-dong) Turkish:
kabuk (tr) Vietnamese:
entomology: exoskeleton of certain insects
conjoined scutes that comprise the "shell" of a tortoise or turtle
overlapping hard plates comprising the armor covering armadillo's body
accreted mineral formed around a hollow geode
casing of an artillery projectile
hollow usually spherical or cylindrical projectile fired from a mortar or a cannon
cartridge of a breechloading firearm
any hollow structure; framework, or exterior structure
garment with short or no sleeves that often fastens in the rear
music: string instrument, whose acoustical chamber is formed like a shell
engraved copper roller used in print works
nautical: outer covering of the hull
nautical, rigging: outer frame or case of a block within which the sheaves revolve
nautical: light boat the frame of which is covered with thin material
computing: general-purpose environment
chemistry: set of atomic orbitals that have the same principal quantum number
business: legal entity that has no operations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Translations to be checked: "hard outside covering, as of a fruit or an animal"
shell ( third-person singular simple present , shells present participle , shelling simple past and past participle ) shelled
To remove the outer covering or shell of something. See
bombard, to fire projectiles at, especially with artillery.
( informal ) To disburse or give up money, to pay. (Often used with ). out
( intransitive ) To fall off, as a shell, crust, etc.
( intransitive ) To cast the shell, or exterior covering; to fall out of the pod or husk.
Nuts shell in falling.
Wheat or rye shells in reaping.
( computing , intransitive ) To switch to a shell or command line.
1993, Robin Nixon, The PC Companion (page 115)
Automenu is a good program to try, and offers a fair amount of protection - but, unfortunately, it's one of those systems that allow users to
shell to DOS. To form shallow, irregular cracks (in a coating).
( topology ) To form a shelling.
Derived terms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
to remove the outer covering or shell of something
to bombard, to fire projectiles at
informal: to disburse or give up money, to pay
to fall off, as a shell, crust, etc.
to cast the shell, or exterior covering
External links [ edit ]
Anagrams [ edit ]