From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: sheaf


Pulley block including sheave.


  • IPA(key): /ʃiːv/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːv

Etymology 1[edit]

Middle English, from a Germanic base akin to German Scheibe, late Old Norse skífa (slice), all ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *skey- (to split). For more see shive.


sheave (plural sheaves)

  1. A wheel having a groove in the rim for a rope to work in, and set in a block, mast, or similar; the wheel of a pulley.
    • 1942 September and October, Charles E. Lee, “The Stanhope & Tyne Railway: II–Self-Acting Inclines”, in Railway Magazine, page 263:
      To an exceptional degree the duties on these inclines have been passed on from father to son; many a boy has begun his working life in oiling the sheaves and, after passing through every grade, has reached the age of retirement in the responsible position of brakesman.
  2. A sliding scutcheon for covering a keyhole.

Etymology 2[edit]

See sheaf.


sheave (third-person singular simple present sheaves, present participle sheaving, simple past and past participle sheaved)

  1. To gather and bind into a sheaf.
    • Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Czar Alexander the Second, lines 1-4
      From him did forty million serfs (...) receive
      Rich freeborn lifelong land, whereon to sheave
      Their country's harvest.
See also[edit]