sheave

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English[edit]

Pulley block including sheave.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʃiːv/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːv

Etymology 1[edit]

Middle English, from a Germanic base akin to German Scheibe, late Old Norse skífa (slice), all ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *skey- (to split). For more see shive.

Noun[edit]

sheave (plural sheaves)

  1. A wheel having a groove in the rim for a rope to work in, and set in a block, mast, or similar; the wheel of a pulley.
    • 1942 September and October, Charles E. Lee, “The Stanhope & Tyne Railway: II–Self-Acting Inclines”, in Railway Magazine, page 263:
      To an exceptional degree the duties on these inclines have been passed on from father to son; many a boy has begun his working life in oiling the sheaves and, after passing through every grade, has reached the age of retirement in the responsible position of brakesman.
  2. A sliding scutcheon for covering a keyhole.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See sheaf.

Verb[edit]

sheave (third-person singular simple present sheaves, present participle sheaving, simple past and past participle sheaved)

  1. To gather and bind into a sheaf.
    • Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Czar Alexander the Second, lines 1-4
      From him did forty million serfs (...) receive
      Rich freeborn lifelong land, whereon to sheave
      Their country's harvest.
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