From Middle English polley, pullie, from Old French poulie, polie (“a pulley”), (compare Medieval Latin polea, polegia, polegium; Middle Dutch puleye), of Germanic origin, from or related to Middle Low German pulen (“to pull”), Old English pullian (“to pull”) . More at pull.
pulley (plural pulleys)
- One of the simple machines; a wheel with a grooved rim in which a pulled rope or chain will lift an object (more useful when two or more pulleys are used together such that a small force moving through a greater distance can exert a larger force through a smaller distance).
- inclined plane
- block and tackle
- Wikipedia article on the simple machines