crane

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Crane, crâne, and crâné

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
A crane (bird).
A crane (mechanical).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kɹeɪn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪn

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English cran, from Old English cran (crane), from Proto-West Germanic *kranō, from Proto-Germanic *kranô (crane), from Proto-Indo-European *gerh₂- (to cry hoarsely).

Cognate with Scots cran (crane), Dutch kraan (crane), German Kran (crane). The mechanical devices are named from their likeness to the bird.

Noun[edit]

crane (plural cranes)

  1. Any bird of the family Gruidae, large birds with long legs and a long neck which is extended during flight.
  2. (US, dialect) Ardea herodias, the great blue heron.
  3. A mechanical lifting machine or device, often used for lifting heavy loads for industrial or construction purposes.
  4. An iron arm with horizontal motion, attached to the side or back of a fireplace for supporting kettles etc. over the fire.
  5. A siphon, or bent pipe, for drawing liquors out of a cask.
  6. (nautical) A forked post or projecting bracket to support spars, etc.; generally used in pairs.
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

(Lifting devices):


Birds
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

crane (third-person singular simple present cranes, present participle craning, simple past and past participle craned)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To extend (one's neck).
  2. (transitive) To raise or lower with, or as if with, a crane.
    • 1693, William Bates, Sermons preach'd on Several Occasions:
      What engines, what instruments are used in craning up a soul, sunk below the centre, to the highest heavens.
    • 1619, Philip Massinger and Nathan Field, The Fatal Dowry
      an upstart craned up to the height he has
  3. (intransitive) To pull up before a jump.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

crane (plural cranes)

  1. (obsolete) The cranium.

Anagrams[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Old English cran, *crana.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkraːn(ə)/, /kran/

Noun[edit]

crane (plural cranes)

  1. crane (bird)
  2. crane (machine)
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • English: crane (see there for further descendants)
  • Scots: cran
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Old French cran, from Medieval Latin crānium.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

crane

  1. cranium
References[edit]