crane

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See also: Crane, crâne, and crâné

English[edit]

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A crane (bird).
A crane (mechanical).

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English cran, from Old English cran (crane), from Proto-Germanic *kranô (crane), from Proto-Indo-European *gerh₂- (to cry hoarsely). Cognate with Scots cran (crane), Dutch kraan (crane), German Kran (crane). The mechanical devices are named from their likeness to the bird.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kɹeɪn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪn

Noun[edit]

crane (plural cranes)

  1. Any bird of the family Gruidae, large birds with long legs and a long neck which is extended during flight.
  2. (US, dialect) Ardea herodias, the great blue heron.
  3. A mechanical lifting machine or device, often used for lifting heavy loads for industrial or construction purposes.
  4. An iron arm with horizontal motion, attached to the side or back of a fireplace for supporting kettles etc. over the fire.
  5. A siphon, or bent pipe, for drawing liquors out of a cask.
  6. (nautical) A forked post or projecting bracket to support spars, etc.; generally used in pairs.

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Verb[edit]

crane (third-person singular simple present cranes, present participle craning, simple past and past participle craned)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To extend (one's neck).
    (Can we find and add a quotation of George Eliot to this entry?)
  2. (transitive) To raise or lower with, or as if with, a crane.
    • Bates
      What engines, what instruments are used in craning up a soul, sunk below the centre, to the highest heavens.
    • Massinger
      an upstart craned up to the height he has
  3. (intransitive) To pull up before a jump.

Translations[edit]

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Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Old English cran, *crana, from Proto-Germanic *kranô.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkraːn(ə)/, /kran/

Noun[edit]

crane (plural cranes)

  1. The common crane (Grus grus).
  2. A crane (mechanical arm for construction)
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Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Old French cran, from Medieval Latin crānium.

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Noun[edit]

crane

  1. cranium
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