daru

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See also: Daru, darů, dǎrù, and дару

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

daru

  1. genitive/dative/locative singular of dar

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finno-Ugric *tarɜ-kɜ (crane).[1] Compare similar words for crane across Eurasia, including Proto-Turkic *durunja (crane) (whence Turkish turna), Korean 두루미 (durumi, “crane”), Japanese (tsuru, crane), Mongolian тогоруу (togoruu, crane)).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈdɒru]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: da‧ru
  • Rhymes: -ru

Noun[edit]

daru (plural daruk or darvak) depending on the meaning

  1. crane (machine, plural: daruk)
  2. crane (bird, plural: darvak)

Declension[edit]

  • (the bird):
Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative daru darvak
accusative darvat darvakat
dative darunak darvaknak
instrumental daruval darvakkal
causal-final daruért darvakért
translative daruvá darvakká
terminative daruig darvakig
essive-formal daruként darvakként
essive-modal
inessive daruban darvakban
superessive darun darvakon
adessive darunál darvaknál
illative daruba darvakba
sublative darura darvakra
allative daruhoz darvakhoz
elative daruból darvakból
delative daruról darvakról
ablative darutól darvaktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
darué darvaké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
daruéi darvakéi
Possessive forms of daru
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. darvam darvaim
2nd person sing. darvad darvaid
3rd person sing. darva darvai
1st person plural darvunk darvaink
2nd person plural darvatok darvaitok
3rd person plural darvuk darvaik
  • (the machine and occasionally the bird (especially with regards to the possessive forms)):
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative daru daruk
accusative darut darukat
dative darunak daruknak
instrumental daruval darukkal
causal-final daruért darukért
translative daruvá darukká
terminative daruig darukig
essive-formal daruként darukként
essive-modal
inessive daruban darukban
superessive darun darukon
adessive darunál daruknál
illative daruba darukba
sublative darura darukra
allative daruhoz darukhoz
elative daruból darukból
delative daruról darukról
ablative darutól daruktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
darué daruké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
daruéi darukéi
Possessive forms of daru
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. darum daruim
2nd person sing. darud daruid
3rd person sing. daruja darui
1st person plural darunk daruink
2nd person plural darutok daruitok
3rd person plural darujuk daruik

References[edit]

  1. ^ Entry #1032 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary. Internet Archive

Further reading[edit]

  • (bird): daru in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (tool): daru in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • daru in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2021)

Latvian[edit]

Verb[edit]

daru

  1. 1st person singular present indicative form of darīt

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *darō. Cognate with Old High German tara and Dutch deer.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

daru f

  1. hurt, harm, damage
    him tō dare
    at his expense (lit. to his harm)
    Þā ġemētte he his earm and his hand swā hāle and swā ġesunde swā him nǣfre bryċe ne daru ġedōn wǣre.
    He found his arm and his hand completely healthy and intact, as if they were never broken or injured at all.

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle English: dere

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

daru

  1. genitive singular of dar

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Noun[edit]

daru (Cyrillic spelling дару)

  1. dative/locative singular of dar

Slovak[edit]

Noun[edit]

daru

  1. genitive/dative singular of dar

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian دارو(dâru).

Noun[edit]

daru (definite accusative {{{1}}}, plural {{{2}}})

  1. (dated) medicine

Synonyms[edit]