dere

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See also: derë and de re

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English dere, from Old English dæru, daru (injury, hurt, harm, damage, calamity; loss, deprivation), from Proto-West Germanic *daru, from Proto-Germanic *darō (damage, injury), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰórh₃-eh₂, from *dʰerh₃- (to leap, spring).

Cognate with Middle Dutch dare, dere, Low German dere, Old High German tara, Avestan 𐬛𐬁𐬭𐬁(dārā), Sanskrit धारा (dhā́rā).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dere (plural deres)

  1. (UK dialectal) Hurt; harm; injury.
    She did him dere.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English deren, derien, from Old English derian (to damage, injure, hurt, harm), from Proto-West Germanic *darjan (to injure, harm), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰerh₃- (to leap, spring). Cognate with Scots dere, deir (to harm, hurt, injure), Saterland Frisian dera (to injure, damage), West Frisian deare, derre (to harm, injure), Dutch deren (to injure, damage, scathe), Middle High German tern (to injure). Related to dart.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dere (third-person singular simple present deres, present participle dering, simple past and past participle dered)

  1. (transitive, UK dialectal) To hurt; harm; injure; wound.
    • c.1390, Geoffrey Chaucer, ‘The Squire's Tale’, Canterbury Tales:
      And of Achilles with his queynte spere, / For he koude with it bothe heele and dere [].
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, “xij”, in Le Morte Darthur, book XIII:
      Thenne herd he a voyse say / Galahad I see there enuyronne aboute the so many angels that my power may not dere the /
      "Then heard he a voice say Galahad, I see there environ about thee so many angels that my power may not dere thee"
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  2. (transitive, UK dialectal) To annoy, trouble, grieve.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Nonstandard spelling of there, reflecting any of a variety of accents with th-stopping.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

dere (not comparable)

  1. Pronunciation spelling of there.

Interjection[edit]

dere

  1. Pronunciation spelling of there.

Noun[edit]

dere (uncountable)

  1. Pronunciation spelling of there.

Pronoun[edit]

dere

  1. Pronunciation spelling of there.

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dere

  1. third-person singular present of drát

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dere

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of deren

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English dīere, from Proto-West Germanic *diurī, from Proto-Germanic *diurijaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

dere

  1. dear

Descendants[edit]

  • English: dear
  • Scots: dere, deir
  • Yola: dear

References[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Norwegian dialectal dere, a variant of der, from Middle Norwegian *þiðr. Borrowed from Old East Norse iðʀ with added þ- from the verb ending in second person plural. Replaced older I (nominative) and eder (accusative).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈdeːɾə/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eːrə

Pronoun[edit]

dere (objective case dere)

  1. (personal) you (2nd person plural subject pronoun)
    Synonyms: I, eder

See also[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Norwegian *þiðr, whence also der. Borrowed from Old East Norse iðʀ with added þ-, similar to þit from hafið it.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /²deːɾə/, /ˈdeːɾə/

Pronoun[edit]

dere

  1. (dialectal, South East Norway) objective case of de; alternative form of dykk (you (plural))

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Verb[edit]

dere (Cyrillic spelling дере)

  1. third-person singular present of derati

Slovene[edit]

Verb[edit]

dere

  1. third-person singular present of dreti

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian دره(darre).

Noun[edit]

dere

  1. creek (A stream of water smaller than a river.)
  2. glen, basin, ravine A long area of relatively low elevation, often having a stream bed at the bottom, surrounded by mountains or hills, usually smaller than a "vadi" — "valley".)

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative dere
Definite accusative dereyi
Singular Plural
Nominative dere dereler
Definite accusative dereyi dereleri
Dative dereye derelere
Locative derede derelerde
Ablative dereden derelerden
Genitive derenin derelerin
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular derem derelerim
2nd singular deren derelerin
3rd singular deresi dereleri
1st plural deremiz derelerimiz
2nd plural dereniz dereleriniz
3rd plural dereleri dereleri
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular deremi derelerimi
2nd singular dereni derelerini
3rd singular deresini derelerini
1st plural deremizi derelerimizi
2nd plural derenizi derelerinizi
3rd plural derelerini derelerini
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular dereme derelerime
2nd singular derene derelerine
3rd singular deresine derelerine
1st plural deremize derelerimize
2nd plural derenize derelerinize
3rd plural derelerine derelerine
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular deremde derelerimde
2nd singular derende derelerinde
3rd singular deresinde derelerinde
1st plural deremizde derelerimizde
2nd plural derenizde derelerinizde
3rd plural derelerinde derelerinde
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular deremden derelerimden
2nd singular derenden derelerinden
3rd singular deresinden derelerinden
1st plural deremizden derelerimizden
2nd plural derenizden derelerinizden
3rd plural derelerinden derelerinden
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular deremin derelerimin
2nd singular derenin derelerinin
3rd singular deresinin derelerinin
1st plural deremizin derelerimizin
2nd plural derenizin derelerinizin
3rd plural derelerinin derelerinin

References[edit]

  • dere in Turkish dictionaries at Türk Dil Kurumu

Welsh[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • tyrd (North Wales)
  • tyred (North Wales, literary)

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dere

  1. (South Wales) second-person singular imperative of dod

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
dere ddere nere unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Zazaki[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian دره(darre).

Noun[edit]

dere ?

  1. valley