dere

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See also: derë and de re

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English dere, from Old English dæru, daru(injury, hurt, harm, damage, calamity; loss, deprivation), from Proto-Germanic *darō(damage, injury), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰō(w)-(to sharpen). Cognate with Middle Dutch dare, dere, Middle Low German dere, Old High German tara(damage, injury).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dere ‎(plural deres)

  1. (Britain dialectal) Hurt; harm; injury.
    She did him dere.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English deren, derien, from Old English derian(to damage, injure, hurt, harm), from Proto-Germanic *darjaną(to injure, harm), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰō(w)-(to sharpen). Cognate with Scots dere, deir(to harm, hurt, injure), Saterland Frisian dera(to injure, damage), West Frisian deare, derre(to harm, injure), Dutch deren(to injure, damage, scathe), Middle High German tern(to injure). Related to dart.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dere ‎(third-person singular simple present deres, present participle dering, simple past and past participle dered)

  1. (transitive, Britain dialectal) To hurt; harm; injure; wound.
    • c.1390, Geoffrey Chaucer, ‘The Squire's Tale’, Canterbury Tales:
      And of Achilles with his queynte spere, / For he koude with it bothe heele and dere [].
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, chapter xij, in Le Morte Darthur, book XIII:
      Thenne herd he a voyse say / Galahad I see there enuyronne aboute the so many angels that my power may not dere the /
  2. (transitive, Britain dialectal) To annoy, trouble, grieve.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Nonstandard spelling of there, reflecting any of a variety of accents with th-stopping.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (AAVE, NYC) IPA(key): /dɛː(ɹ)/
  • (Ulster English) IPA(key): /d̪ɛː(ɹ)/
  • (Midlands) IPA(key): /d̪ɛə(ɹ)/
  • (rural areas of Scotland, rare) IPA(key): /d̪iər/
  • Homophone: dare (some accents)

Alternative forms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

dere ‎(not comparable)

  1. Nonstandard spelling of there.

Interjection[edit]

dere

  1. Nonstandard spelling of there.

Noun[edit]

dere ‎(uncountable)

  1. Nonstandard spelling of there.

Pronoun[edit]

dere

  1. Nonstandard spelling of there.

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dere

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of deren

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Pronoun[edit]

dere ‎(objective case dere)

  1. (personal) you (2nd person plural subject pronoun)

Welsh[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • tyrd (North Wales)
  • tyred (North Wales, literary)

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dere

  1. (South Wales) second-person singular imperative of dod

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
dere ddere nere unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.