dere

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See also: derë

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English dere, from Old English dæru, daru ‎(injury, hurt, harm, damage, calamity; loss, deprivation), from Proto-Germanic *darō ‎(damage, injury), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰō(w)- ‎(to sharpen). Cognate with Middle Dutch dare, dere, Middle Low German dere, Old High German tara ‎(damage, injury).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dere ‎(plural deres)

  1. (Britain dialectal) Hurt; harm; injury.
    She did him dere.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English deren, derien, from Old English derian ‎(to damage, injure, hurt, harm), from Proto-Germanic *darjaną ‎(to injure, harm), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰō(w)- ‎(to sharpen). Cognate with Scots dere, deir ‎(to harm, hurt, injure), Saterland Frisian dera ‎(to injure, damage), West Frisian deare, derre ‎(to harm, injure), Dutch deren ‎(to injure, damage, scathe), Middle High German tern ‎(to injure). Related to dart.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dere ‎(third-person singular simple present deres, present participle dering, simple past and past participle dered)

  1. (transitive, Britain dialectal) To hurt; harm; injure; wound.
    • c.1390, Geoffrey Chaucer, ‘The Squire's Tale’, Canterbury Tales:
      And of Achilles with his queynte spere, / For he koude with it bothe heele and dere [].
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, chapter xij, in Le Morte Darthur, book XIII:
      Thenne herd he a voyse say / Galahad I see there enuyronne aboute the so many angels that my power may not dere the /
  2. (transitive, Britain dialectal) To annoy, trouble, grieve.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Nonstandard spelling of there, reflecting any of a variety of accents with th-stopping.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (AAVE, NYC) IPA(key): /dɛː(ɹ)/
  • (Ulster English) IPA(key): /d̪ɛː(ɹ)/
  • (Midlands) IPA(key): /d̪ɛə(ɹ)/
  • (rural areas of Scotland, rare) IPA(key): /d̪iər/
  • Homophone: dare (some accents)

Alternative forms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

dere ‎(not comparable)

  1. Nonstandard spelling of there.

Interjection[edit]

dere

  1. Nonstandard spelling of there.

Noun[edit]

dere ‎(uncountable)

  1. Nonstandard spelling of there.

Pronoun[edit]

dere

  1. Nonstandard spelling of there.

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dere

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of deren

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Pronoun[edit]

dere ‎(objective case dere)

  1. (personal) you (2nd person plural subject pronoun)

Welsh[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • tyrd (North Wales)
  • tyred (North Wales, literary)

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dere

  1. (South Wales) second-person singular imperative of dod

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
dere ddere nere unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.