din

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See also: Din, DIN, dín, dìn, -din, and dìŋ

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English din, dinne, dynne, from Old English dyne, from Proto-Germanic *duniz, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰwen-. Akin to Old Norse dynr, Sanskrit ध्वनति (dhvanati, to make a noise, to roar), Norwegian Nynorsk dynja.

Noun[edit]

din (plural dins)

  1. A loud noise; a cacophony or loud commotion.
    • c. 1593, William Shakespeare, The Taming of the Shrew, Act I, Scene 2,[1]
      Think you a little din can daunt mine ears?
    • 1808, Walter Scott, Marmion, Edinburgh: Archibald Constable, Canto 5, Stanza 4, p. 245,[2]
      [] bred to war,
      He knew the battle’s din afar,
      And joyed to hear it swell.
    • 1850, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, In Memoriam, London: Edward Moxon, Canto 87, p. 129,[3]
      How often, hither wandering down,
      My Arthur found your shadows fair,
      And shook to all the liberal air
      The dust and din and steam of town:
    • 1907, Harold Bindloss, chapter 7, in The Dust of Conflict[4]:
      The patter of feet, and clatter of strap and swivel, seemed to swell into a bewildering din, but they were almost upon the fielato offices, where the carretera entered the town, before a rifle flashed.
    • 1998, Ian McEwan, Amsterdam, New York: Anchor, 1999, Part 1, Chapter 1, pp. 9-10,[5]
      So many faces Clive had never seen by daylight, and looking terrible, like cadavers jerked upright to welcome the newly dead. Invigorated by this jolt of misanthropy, he moved sleekly through the din, ignored his name when it was called, withdrew his elbow when it was plucked []
    • 2014, Daniel Taylor, “England and Wayne Rooney see off Scotland in their own back yard,” The Guardian, 18 November 2014,[6]
      England certainly made a mockery of the claim that they might somehow be intimidated by the Glasgow din. Celtic Park was a loud, seething pit of bias.
Quotations[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English dinnen, from Old English dynnan, from Proto-Germanic *dunjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰwen-

Verb[edit]

din (third-person singular simple present dins, present participle dinning, simple past and past participle dinned)

  1. (intransitive) To make a din, to resound.
    • 1820, William Wordsworth, “The Waggoner” Canto 2, in The Miscellaneous Poems of William Wordsworth, London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme & Brown, Volume 2, p. 21,[7]
      For, spite of rumbling of the wheels,
      A welcome greeting he can hear;—
      It is a fiddle in its glee
      Dinning from the CHERRY TREE!
    • 1920, Zane Grey, “The Rube’s Pennant” in The Redheaded Outfield and Other Baseball Stories, New York: Grosset & Dunlap, p. 68,[8]
      My confused senses received a dull roar of pounding feet and dinning voices as the herald of victory.
    • 1924, Edith Wharton, Old New York: New Year’s Day (The ’Seventies), New York: D. Appleton & Co., Chapter 4, pp. 62-63,[9]
      Should she speak of having been at the fire herself—or should she not? The question dinned in her brain so loudly that she could hardly hear what her companion was saying []
  2. (intransitive) (of a place) To be filled with sound, to resound.
    • 1914, Rex Beach, The Auction Block, New York: Harper & Bros., Chapter 3, p. 33,[10]
      The room was dinning with the strains of an invisible orchestra and the vocal uproar []
  3. (transitive) To assail (a person, the ears) with loud noise.
    • 1716, Joseph Addison, The Free-Holder: or Political Essays, London: D. Midwinter & J. Tonson, No. 8, 16 January, 1716, pp. 45-46,[11]
      She ought in such Cases to exert the Authority of the Curtain Lecture; and if she finds him of a rebellious Disposition, to tame him, as they do Birds of Prey, by dinning him in the Ears all Night long.
    • 1817, John Keats, “On the Sea” in Richard Monckton Milnes (editor), Life, Letters, and Literary Remains, of John Keats, London: Edward Moxon, 1848, Volume 2, p. 291,[12]
      Oh ye! whose ears are dinn’d with uproar rude,
      Or fed too much with cloying melody,—
      Sit ye near some old cavern’s mouth, and brood
      Until ye start, as if the sea-nymphs quired!
    • 1938, Graham Greene, Brighton Rock, New York: Vintage, 2002, Chapter 1,
      No alarm-clock dinned her to get up but the morning light woke her, pouring through the uncurtained glass.
  4. (transitive) To repeat continuously, as though to the point of deafening or exhausting somebody.
    • 1724, Jonathan Swift The Hibernian Patriot: Being a Collection of the Drapier’s Letters to the People of Ireland concerning Mr. Wood’s Brass Half-Pence, London, 1730, Letter 2, p. 61,[13]
      This has been often dinned in my Ears.
    • 1866, Elizabeth Gaskell, Wives and Daughters, Chapter 50,[14]
      “Mamma, do you forget that I have promised to marry Roger Hamley?” said Cynthia quietly.
      “No! of course I don’t—how can I, with Molly always dinning the word ‘engagement’ into my ears? []
    • 1949, George Orwell, Nineteen Eighty-Four, Part One, Chapter 6,[15]
      By careful early conditioning, by games and cold water, by the rubbish that was dinned into them at school and in the Spies and the Youth League, by lectures, parades, songs, slogans, and martial music, the natural feeling had been driven out of them.
    • 2004, Roy Porter, Flesh in the Age of Reason, Penguin, page 183,
      His mother had dinned The Whole Duty of Man into him in early childhood.

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (repeat continuously): drum.

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *deina 'day', from Proto-Indo-European *déi-no-, ultimately from *dyew-, *dyeu- (to shine), cognate with Proto-Slavic *dьnь, Latvian diena, Lithuanian dėina, Old Prussian dēinā[1].

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

din (first-person singular past tense diu, participle dinë)

  1. to break (of the day)

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “din”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, page 66

Azeri[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic дин
Roman din
Perso-Arabic دین

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Arabic دِين (dīn).

Noun[edit]

din (definite accusative dini, plural dinlər)

  1. religion (system of beliefs dealing with soul, deity and/or life after death)

Declension[edit]


Breton[edit]

Prepositional pronoun[edit]

din

  1. first-person singular form of da

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse þínn, from Proto-Germanic *þīnaz (your).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /diːn/, [d̥iːˀn]

Pronoun[edit]

din (neuter dit, plural dine)

  1. your, thy (singular; one owner)
  2. yours, thine (singular; one owner)

See also[edit]


Galician[edit]

Verb[edit]

din

  1. third-person plural present indicative of dicir

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay din, from Arabic دِين (dīn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

din

  1. religion (system of beliefs dealing with soul, deity and/or life after death)

Kiput[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-North Sarawak *daqan, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *daqan.

Noun[edit]

din

  1. branch

Ladino[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Hebrew דִּין (din).

Noun[edit]

din m (Latin spelling, Hebrew spelling דין)

  1. religious law

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

din

  1. rafsi of jdini.

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic دِين (dīn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

din

  1. religion (system of beliefs dealing with soul, deity and/or life after death)

Synonyms[edit]


Maltese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic ذِي (ḏī), plus accusative case ending اً (-an)

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

din

  1. feminine singular of dan

Northern Sami[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

din

  1. accusative and genitive of dii

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse þínn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Pronoun[edit]

din m (feminine di, neuter ditt, plural dine)

  1. your, yours

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse þínn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

din m (feminine di, neuter ditt, plural dine)

  1. your, yours

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Preposition[edit]

din

  1. inside; alternative form of dins

Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *þīnaz, whence also Old English þīn, Old Norse þínn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

dīn

  1. your (singular)

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From de + în.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

din (+accusative)

  1. on, on top of
  2. from, out of
    din Spania
    from Spain

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish þīn, from Old Norse þínn, from Proto-Germanic *þīnaz, from Proto-Germanic *téynos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

din

  1. definite singular of di

Pronoun[edit]

din c (neuter ditt, plural dina)

  1. your, yours; of one thing in the common gender (speaking to one person)
  2. you (only in this use:)
    Din jävla idiot!
    You bloody idiot!
    Din lille fan!
    You little bastard!

Declension[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

din

  1. too, also

Usage notes[edit]

This form is mainly used after words ending in a consonant, while rin is used following words that end in a vowel. The distinction is not always made, however.


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic دِين (dīn).

Noun[edit]

din (definite accusative dini, plural dinler)

  1. (religion) System of beliefs dealing with soul, deity or life after death.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Uzbek[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic дин
Roman din
Perso-Arabic ‍‍

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic دِين (dīn).

Noun[edit]

din (plural dinlar)

  1. religion (system of beliefs dealing with soul, deity and/or life after death)

Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Ding.

Noun[edit]

din (plural dins)

  1. thing

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Noun[edit]

din

  1. Soft mutation of tin.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
tin din nhin thin
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.