din

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See also: DIN, Din, dín, dìn, dîn, -din, and dìŋ

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: dĭn, IPA(key): /dɪn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪn

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English dynne, dyne, dyn, from Old English dyne, from Proto-West Germanic *duni, from Proto-Germanic *duniz, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰún-is, from *dʰwen- (to make a noise).

Cognate with Sanskrit धुनि (dhúni, sounding), ध्वनति (dhvánati, to make a noise, to roar), Old Norse dynr, Norwegian Nynorsk dynja.

Noun[edit]

din (countable and uncountable, plural dins)

  1. A loud noise; a cacophony or loud commotion.
Synonyms[edit]
Quotations[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English dynnen, from Old English dynnan, from Proto-Germanic *dunjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰwen- (to make a noise).

Verb[edit]

din (third-person singular simple present dins, present participle dinning, simple past and past participle dinned)

  1. (intransitive) To make a din, to resound.
    • 1820, William Wordsworth, “The Waggoner” Canto 2, in The Miscellaneous Poems of William Wordsworth, London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme & Brown, Volume 2, p. 21,[4]
      For, spite of rumbling of the wheels,
      A welcome greeting he can hear;—
      It is a fiddle in its glee
      Dinning from the CHERRY TREE!
    • 1920, Zane Grey, “The Rube’s Pennant” in The Redheaded Outfield and Other Baseball Stories, New York: Grosset & Dunlap, p. 68,[5]
      My confused senses received a dull roar of pounding feet and dinning voices as the herald of victory.
    • 1924, Edith Wharton, Old New York: New Year’s Day (The ’Seventies), New York: D. Appleton & Co., Chapter 4, pp. 62-63,[6]
      Should she speak of having been at the fire herself—or should she not? The question dinned in her brain so loudly that she could hardly hear what her companion was saying []
  2. (intransitive) (of a place) To be filled with sound, to resound.
    • 1914, Rex Beach, The Auction Block, New York: Harper & Bros., Chapter 3, p. 33,[7]
      The room was dinning with the strains of an invisible orchestra and the vocal uproar []
  3. (transitive) To assail (a person, the ears) with loud noise.
    • 1716, Joseph Addison, The Free-Holder: or Political Essays, London: D. Midwinter & J. Tonson, No. 8, 16 January, 1716, pp. 45-46,[8]
      She ought in such Cases to exert the Authority of the Curtain Lecture; and if she finds him of a rebellious Disposition, to tame him, as they do Birds of Prey, by dinning him in the Ears all Night long.
    • 1817, John Keats, “On the Sea” in Richard Monckton Milnes (editor), Life, Letters, and Literary Remains, of John Keats, London: Edward Moxon, 1848, Volume 2, p. 291,[9]
      Oh ye! whose ears are dinn’d with uproar rude,
      Or fed too much with cloying melody,—
      Sit ye near some old cavern’s mouth, and brood
      Until ye start, as if the sea-nymphs quired!
    • 1938, Graham Greene, Brighton Rock, New York: Vintage, 2002, Chapter 1,
      No alarm-clock dinned her to get up but the morning light woke her, pouring through the uncurtained glass.
  4. (transitive) To repeat continuously, as though to the point of deafening or exhausting somebody.
    • 1724, Jonathan Swift The Hibernian Patriot: Being a Collection of the Drapier’s Letters to the People of Ireland concerning Mr. Wood’s Brass Half-Pence, London, 1730, Letter 2, p. 61,[10]
      This has been often dinned in my Ears.
    • 1866, Elizabeth Gaskell, Wives and Daughters, Chapter 50,[11]
      “Mamma, do you forget that I have promised to marry Roger Hamley?” said Cynthia quietly.
      “No! of course I don’t—how can I, with Molly always dinning the word ‘engagement’ into my ears? []
    • 1949, George Orwell, Nineteen Eighty-Four, Part One, Chapter 6,[12]
      By careful early conditioning, by games and cold water, by the rubbish that was dinned into them at school and in the Spies and the Youth League, by lectures, parades, songs, slogans, and martial music, the natural feeling had been driven out of them.
    • 2004, Roy Porter, Flesh in the Age of Reason, Penguin, page 183,
      His mother had dinned The Whole Duty of Man into him in early childhood.
Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
  • (repeat continuously): drum.

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

din (uncountable)

  1. (Islam) Alternative spelling of deen (religion, faith, religiosity).

Anagrams[edit]


Abinomn[edit]

Noun[edit]

din

  1. (anatomy) calf

Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *deina (day), from Proto-Indo-European *dey-no-, ultimately from *dyew- (to shine). Cognate with Proto-Slavic *dьnь, Latvian diena, Lithuanian dėina, Old Prussian dēinā.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

din (first-person singular past tense diu, participle dinë)

  1. to break (of the day)

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “din”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 66

Azerbaijani[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic дин
Latin din
Perso-Arabic دین

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic دِين(dīn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

din (definite accusative dini, sound plural dinlər, broken plural ədyan)

  1. religion (system of beliefs dealing with soul, deity and/or life after death)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • din” in Obastan.com.

Breton[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

din

  1. first-person singular of da

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse þínn, from Proto-Germanic *þīnaz (your).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /diːn/, [d̥iːˀn]

Determiner[edit]

din (neuter dit, plural dine)

  1. your, thy (singular; one owner)
  2. yours, thine (singular; one owner)

See also[edit]


Galician[edit]

Verb[edit]

din

  1. third-person plural present indicative of dicir

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay din, from Arabic دِين(dīn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

din (first-person possessive dinku, second-person possessive dinmu, third-person possessive dinnya)

  1. religion (system of beliefs dealing with soul, deity and/or life after death)
    Synonym: agama

Further reading[edit]


Kiput[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-North Sarawak *daqan, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *daqan.

Noun[edit]

din

  1. branch

Ladino[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Hebrew דִּין(din).

Noun[edit]

din m (Latin spelling, Hebrew spelling דין‎)

  1. religious law

Further reading[edit]

  • Aitor García Moreno, editor (2013–), “din¹”, in Diccionario Histórico Judeoespañol (in Spanish), CSIC
  • Joseph Nehama, Jesús Cantera (1977), “din”, in Dictionnaire du Judéo-Espagnol (in French), Madrid: CSIC, →ISBN, page 142
  • Elli Kohen & Dahlia Kohen-Gordon (2000), “din”, in Ladino–English Concise Encyclopedic Dictionary, Hippocrene Books, →ISBN, page 117

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic دِين(dīn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

din (Jawi spelling دين‎, plural din-din, informal 1st possessive dinku, impolite 2nd possessive dinmu, 3rd possessive dinnya)

  1. religion (system of beliefs dealing with soul, deity and/or life after death)

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Maltese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic دِين(dīn).

Noun[edit]

din m (plural djien)

  1. (dated or puristic) religion
    Synonym: reliġjon

Etymology 2[edit]

Determiner[edit]

din

  1. feminine singular of dan

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

din

  1. Alternative form of dynne

Northern Sami[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈtiːn/

Pronoun[edit]

dīn

  1. accusative/genitive of dii

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse þínn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Determiner[edit]

din m (feminine di, neuter ditt, plural dine)

  1. your, yours

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse þínn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

din m (feminine di, neuter ditt, plural dine)

  1. your, yours

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Preposition[edit]

din

  1. inside; alternative form of dins

Old High German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *þīn, whence also Old English þīn, Old Norse þínn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

dīn

  1. genitive singular of du

Determiner[edit]

dīn

  1. your (singular)

Inflection[edit]

This determiner needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle High German: dīn

References[edit]

  • Joseph Wright, An Old High German Primer, second edition.

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Univerbation of di +‎ in

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

din

  1. of/from the sg

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From de + în.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

din (+accusative)

  1. on, on top of
  2. from, out of
    din Spania
    from Spain

Saterland Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Frisian thīn, from Proto-West Germanic *þīn. Cognates include West Frisian dyn and German dein.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

din (feminine dien, neuter dien, plural dien, predicative dinnen)

  1. thy, your

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Marron C. Fort (2015), “din”, in Saterfriesisches Wörterbuch mit einer phonologischen und grammatischen Übersicht, Buske, →ISBN

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Swedish þīn, from Old Norse þínn, from Proto-Germanic *þīnaz.

Determiner[edit]

din c (neuter singular ditt, plural dina)

  1. your, yours; of one thing in the common gender (speaking to one person)
  2. you (only in this use:)
    Din jävla idiot!
    You bloody idiot!
    Din lille fan!
    You little bastard!
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

din

  1. definite singular of di.

Tagalog[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

din

  1. too; also
    Synonyms: saka, man

Usage notes[edit]

  • When the preceding word ends with a vowel, "w", or "y", rin is used instead, but the distinction isn't always made. Other words with this phenomenon include dito, diyan, doon, and daw.

Related terms[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish دین‎, from Arabic دِين(dīn) with some influence from Middle Persian (see the Arabic term for details).

Noun[edit]

din (definite accusative dini, plural dinler)

  1. (religion) System of beliefs dealing with soul, deity or life after death.
Declension[edit]
Inflection
Nominative din
Definite accusative dini
Singular Plural
Nominative din dinler
Definite accusative dini dinleri
Dative dine dinlere
Locative dinde dinlerde
Ablative dinden dinlerden
Genitive dinin dinlerin
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

din

  1. second-person singular imperative of dinmek

Uzbek[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic дин
Latin din
Perso-Arabic

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic دِين(dīn).

Noun[edit]

din (plural dinlar)

  1. religion (system of beliefs dealing with soul, deity and/or life after death)

Declension[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Ding.

Noun[edit]

din (nominative plural dins)

  1. thing

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *dūnom (stronghold).

Noun[edit]

din m

  1. (obsolete) city, fort, stronghold
Usage notes[edit]

Found chiefly as an element in place names, e.g. Dinbych (Denbigh), Caerfyrddin (Carmarthen).

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
din ddin nin unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

din

  1. Soft mutation of tin.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
tin din nhin thin
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

West Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

din c (plural dinnen, diminutive dintsje)

  1. pine, coniferous tree of the genus Pinus.

Further reading[edit]

  • din (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Yoruba[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dín

  1. to fry in oil
    a dín ataWe fried pepper
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dín

  1. (transitive, arithmetic) to subtract
  2. (intransitive) to become reduced in number
Derived terms[edit]

Zhuang[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Tai *tiːnᴬ (foot). Cognate with Thai ตีน (dtiin), Lao ຕີນ (tīn), ᦎᦲᧃ (ṫiin), Shan တိၼ် (tǐn), Ahom 𑜄𑜢𑜃𑜫 (tin), Bouyei dinl.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

din (Sawndip forms or 𬻚 or 𭴀 or or 𮛷 or 𧿬 or or 𦘭 or , old orthography din)

  1. foot (of a human)
  2. base; foot; lowest part of an object

See also[edit]