dinga

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Zulu[edit]

Verb[edit]

-dinga

  1. (transitive) to need, to require
  2. (intransitive) to be homeless, to roam, to wander

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukudinga
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukudinga ukungadingi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular dinga -dinge
Plural dingani -dingeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyadinga, ngidinga engidingayo, engidinga ngidinga angidingi engingadingi ngingadingi
2nd singular uyadinga, udinga odingayo, odinga udinga awudingi ongadingi ungadingi
1st plural siyadinga, sidinga esidingayo, esidinga sidinga asidingi esingadingi singadingi
2nd plural niyadinga, nidinga enidingayo, enidinga nidinga anidingi eningadingi ningadingi
Class 1 uyadinga, udinga odingayo, odinga edinga akadingi ongadingi engadingi
Class 2 bayadinga, badinga abadingayo, abadinga bedinga abadingi abangadingi bengadingi
Class 3 uyadinga, udinga odingayo, odinga udinga awudingi ongadingi ungadingi
Class 4 iyadinga, idinga edingayo, edinga idinga ayidingi engadingi ingadingi
Class 5 liyadinga, lidinga elidingayo, elidinga lidinga alidingi elingadingi lingadingi
Class 6 ayadinga, adinga adingayo, adinga edinga awadingi angadingi engadingi
Class 7 siyadinga, sidinga esidingayo, esidinga sidinga asidingi esingadingi singadingi
Class 8 ziyadinga, zidinga ezidingayo, ezidinga zidinga azidingi ezingadingi zingadingi
Class 9 iyadinga, idinga edingayo, edinga idinga ayidingi engadingi ingadingi
Class 10 ziyadinga, zidinga ezidingayo, ezidinga zidinga azidingi ezingadingi zingadingi
Class 11 luyadinga, ludinga oludingayo, oludinga ludinga aludingi olungadingi lungadingi
Class 14 buyadinga, budinga obudingayo, obudinga budinga abudingi obungadingi bungadingi
Class 15 kuyadinga, kudinga okudingayo, okudinga kudinga akudingi okungadingi kungadingi
Class 17 kuyadinga, kudinga okudingayo, okudinga kudinga akudingi okungadingi kungadingi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngidingile, ngidingē engidingile, engidingē ngidingile, ngidingē angidinganga engingadinganga ngingadinganga
2nd singular udingile, udingē odingile, odingē udingile, udingē awudinganga ongadinganga ungadinganga
1st plural sidingile, sidingē esidingile, esidingē sidingile, sidingē asidinganga esingadinganga singadinganga
2nd plural nidingile, nidingē enidingile, enidingē nidingile, nidingē anidinganga eningadinganga ningadinganga
Class 1 udingile, udingē odingile, odingē edingile, edingē akadinganga ongadinganga engadinganga
Class 2 badingile, badingē abadingile, abadingē bedingile, bedingē abadinganga abangadinganga bengadinganga
Class 3 udingile, udingē odingile, odingē udingile, udingē awudinganga ongadinganga ungadinganga
Class 4 idingile, idingē edingile, edingē idingile, idingē ayidinganga engadinganga ingadinganga
Class 5 lidingile, lidingē elidingile, elidingē lidingile, lidingē alidinganga elingadinganga lingadinganga
Class 6 adingile, adingē adingile, adingē edingile, edingē awadinganga angadinganga engadinganga
Class 7 sidingile, sidingē esidingile, esidingē sidingile, sidingē asidinganga esingadinganga singadinganga
Class 8 zidingile, zidingē ezidingile, ezidingē zidingile, zidingē azidinganga ezingadinganga zingadinganga
Class 9 idingile, idingē edingile, edingē idingile, idingē ayidinganga engadinganga ingadinganga
Class 10 zidingile, zidingē ezidingile, ezidingē zidingile, zidingē azidinganga ezingadinganga zingadinganga
Class 11 ludingile, ludingē oludingile, oludingē ludingile, ludingē aludinganga olungadinganga lungadinganga
Class 14 budingile, budingē obudingile, obudingē budingile, budingē abudinganga obungadinganga bungadinganga
Class 15 kudingile, kudingē okudingile, okudingē kudingile, kudingē akudinganga okungadinganga kungadinganga
Class 17 kudingile, kudingē okudingile, okudingē kudingile, kudingē akudinganga okungadinganga kungadinganga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngādinga engādinga ngādinga angidinganga engingadinganga ngingadinganga
2nd singular wādinga owādinga wādinga awudinganga ongadinganga ungadinganga
1st plural sādinga esādinga sādinga asidinganga esingadinganga singadinganga
2nd plural nādinga enādinga nādinga anidinganga eningadinganga ningadinganga
Class 1 wādinga owādinga ādinga akadinganga ongadinganga engadinganga
Class 2 bādinga abādinga bādinga abadinganga abangadinganga bengadinganga
Class 3 wādinga owādinga wādinga awudinganga ongadinganga ungadinganga
Class 4 yādinga eyādinga yādinga ayidinganga engadinganga ingadinganga
Class 5 lādinga elādinga lādinga alidinganga elingadinganga lingadinganga
Class 6 ādinga ādinga ādinga awadinganga angadinganga engadinganga
Class 7 sādinga esādinga sādinga asidinganga esingadinganga singadinganga
Class 8 zādinga ezādinga zādinga azidinganga ezingadinganga zingadinganga
Class 9 yādinga eyādinga yādinga ayidinganga engadinganga ingadinganga
Class 10 zādinga ezādinga zādinga azidinganga ezingadinganga zingadinganga
Class 11 lwādinga olwādinga lwādinga aludinganga olungadinganga lungadinganga
Class 14 bādinga obādinga bādinga abudinganga obungadinganga bungadinganga
Class 15 kwādinga okwādinga kwādinga akudinganga okungadinganga kungadinganga
Class 17 kwādinga okwādinga kwādinga akudinganga okungadinganga kungadinganga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingadinga ngingadinga ngingedinge ngingedinge
2nd singular ungadinga ungadinga ungedinge ungedinge
1st plural singadinga singadinga singedinge singedinge
2nd plural ningadinga ningadinga ningedinge ningedinge
Class 1 angadinga engadinga angedinge engedinge
Class 2 bangadinga bengadinga bangedinge bengedinge
Class 3 ungadinga ungadinga ungedinge ungedinge
Class 4 ingadinga ingadinga ingedinge ingedinge
Class 5 lingadinga lingadinga lingedinge lingedinge
Class 6 angadinga engadinga angedinge engedinge
Class 7 singadinga singadinga singedinge singedinge
Class 8 zingadinga zingadinga zingedinge zingedinge
Class 9 ingadinga ingadinga ingedinge ingedinge
Class 10 zingadinga zingadinga zingedinge zingedinge
Class 11 lungadinga lungadinga lungedinge lungedinge
Class 14 bungadinga bungadinga bungedinge bungedinge
Class 15 kungadinga kungadinga kungedinge kungedinge
Class 17 kungadinga kungadinga kungedinge kungedinge
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizodinga engizodinga ngizodinga angizudinga engingezudinga ngingezudinga
2nd singular uzodinga ozodinga uzodinga awuzudinga ongezudinga ungezudinga
1st plural sizodinga esizodinga sizodinga asizudinga esingezudinga singezudinga
2nd plural nizodinga enizodinga nizodinga anizudinga eningezudinga ningezudinga
Class 1 uzodinga ozodinga ezodinga akazudinga ongezudinga engezudinga
Class 2 bazodinga abazodinga bezodinga abazudinga abangezudinga bengezudinga
Class 3 uzodinga ozodinga uzodinga awuzudinga ongezudinga ungezudinga
Class 4 izodinga ezodinga izodinga ayizudinga engezudinga ingezudinga
Class 5 lizodinga elizodinga lizodinga alizudinga elingezudinga lingezudinga
Class 6 azodinga azodinga ezodinga awazudinga angezudinga engezudinga
Class 7 sizodinga esizodinga sizodinga asizudinga esingezudinga singezudinga
Class 8 zizodinga ezizodinga zizodinga azizudinga ezingezudinga zingezudinga
Class 9 izodinga ezodinga izodinga ayizudinga engezudinga ingezudinga
Class 10 zizodinga ezizodinga zizodinga azizudinga ezingezudinga zingezudinga
Class 11 luzodinga oluzodinga luzodinga aluzudinga olungezudinga lungezudinga
Class 14 buzodinga obuzodinga buzodinga abuzudinga obungezudinga bungezudinga
Class 15 kuzodinga okuzodinga kuzodinga akuzudinga okungezudinga kungezudinga
Class 17 kuzodinga okuzodinga kuzodinga akuzudinga okungezudinga kungezudinga
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyodinga engiyodinga ngiyodinga angiyudinga engingeyudinga ngingeyudinga
2nd singular uyodinga oyodinga uyodinga awuyudinga ongeyudinga ungeyudinga
1st plural siyodinga esiyodinga siyodinga asiyudinga esingeyudinga singeyudinga
2nd plural niyodinga eniyodinga niyodinga aniyudinga eningeyudinga ningeyudinga
Class 1 uyodinga oyodinga eyodinga akayudinga ongeyudinga engeyudinga
Class 2 bayodinga abayodinga beyodinga abayudinga abangeyudinga bengeyudinga
Class 3 uyodinga oyodinga uyodinga awuyudinga ongeyudinga ungeyudinga
Class 4 iyodinga eyodinga iyodinga ayiyudinga engeyudinga ingeyudinga
Class 5 liyodinga eliyodinga liyodinga aliyudinga elingeyudinga lingeyudinga
Class 6 ayodinga ayodinga eyodinga awayudinga angeyudinga engeyudinga
Class 7 siyodinga esiyodinga siyodinga asiyudinga esingeyudinga singeyudinga
Class 8 ziyodinga eziyodinga ziyodinga aziyudinga ezingeyudinga zingeyudinga
Class 9 iyodinga eyodinga iyodinga ayiyudinga engeyudinga ingeyudinga
Class 10 ziyodinga eziyodinga ziyodinga aziyudinga ezingeyudinga zingeyudinga
Class 11 luyodinga oluyodinga luyodinga aluyudinga olungeyudinga lungeyudinga
Class 14 buyodinga obuyodinga buyodinga abuyudinga obungeyudinga bungeyudinga
Class 15 kuyodinga okuyodinga kuyodinga akuyudinga okungeyudinga kungeyudinga
Class 17 kuyodinga okuyodinga kuyodinga akuyudinga okungeyudinga kungeyudinga
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngidinge ngingadingi
2nd singular udinge ungadingi
1st plural sidinge singadingi
2nd plural nidinge ningadingi
Class 1 adinge angadingi
Class 2 badinge bangadingi
Class 3 udinge ungadingi
Class 4 idinge ingadingi
Class 5 lidinge lingadingi
Class 6 adinge angadingi
Class 7 sidinge singadingi
Class 8 zidinge zingadingi
Class 9 idinge ingadingi
Class 10 zidinge zingadingi
Class 11 ludinge lungadingi
Class 14 budinge bungadingi
Class 15 kudinge kungadingi
Class 17 kudinge kungadingi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngadinga ngangadinga, angadinga, angangadinga
2nd singular wadinga wangadinga, awadinga, awangadinga
1st plural sadinga sangadinga, asadinga, asangadinga
2nd plural nadinga nangadinga, anadinga, anangadinga
Class 1 wadinga wangadinga, akadinga, akangadinga
Class 2 badinga bangadinga, abadinga, abangadinga
Class 3 wadinga wangadinga, awadinga, awangadinga
Class 4 yadinga yangadinga, ayadinga, ayangadinga
Class 5 ladinga langadinga, aladinga, alangadinga
Class 6 adinga angadinga, awadinga, awangadinga
Class 7 sadinga sangadinga, asadinga, asangadinga
Class 8 zadinga zangadinga, azadinga, azangadinga
Class 9 yadinga yangadinga, ayadinga, ayangadinga
Class 10 zadinga zangadinga, azadinga, azangadinga
Class 11 lwadinga lwangadinga, alwadinga, alwangadinga
Class 14 badinga bangadinga, abadinga, abangadinga
Class 15 kwadinga kwangadinga, akwadinga, akwangadinga
Class 17 kwadinga kwangadinga, akwadinga, akwangadinga

References[edit]