resound

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: re-sound

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From both of the following:[1]

  • From Late Middle English resounen (to return with an echo, resound; to make a sound, to sound; of speech or writing: to announce a theme) [and other forms], from Anglo-Norman resoner, resouner [and other forms], Middle French resoner, and Old French resoner (to make a (deep or echoing) sound; of sounds: to echo; to ring; of one’s name or actions: to be frequently recounted; of a place: to re-echo or ring with sound) (modern French résonner), from Latin resonāre, the present active infinitive of resonō (to ring or sound again, re-echo, resound; to call repeatedly; to give back the sound of (something), re-echo or resound (something)), from re- (prefix meaning ‘again’) + sonō (to make a noise, resound, sound; to sound (something); to speak or utter (something); to call, cry out; to celebrate; to extol, praise; to sing) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *swenh₂- (to sound)).
  • From re- (prefix meaning ‘again, anew’) +‎ sound (to produce a sound).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

resound (third-person singular simple present resounds, present participle resounding, simple past and past participle resounded)

  1. (transitive)
    1. To make (sounds), or to speak (words), loudly or reverberatingly.
    2. Of a place: to cause (a sound) to reverberate; to echo.
      • 1579, Immeritô [pseudonym; Edmund Spenser], “August. Aegloga Octaua.”, in The Shepheardes Calender: [], London: [] Hugh Singleton, [], OCLC 606515406; reprinted as H[einrich] Oskar Sommer, editor, The Shepheardes Calender [], London: John C. Nimmo, [], 1890, OCLC 890162479, folio 33, verso:
        The foreſt wide is fitter to reſound / The hollow Echo of my carefull cryes, []
      • 1594, Christopher Marlowe; Thomas Nash[e], The Tragedie of Dido Queene of Carthage: [], London: [] Widdowe Orwin, for Thomas Woodcocke, [], OCLC 1203323776; reprinted as Dido, Queen of Carthage (Tudor Facsimile Texts; 72), Old English Drama Students’ Facsimile edition, [Amersham, Buckinghamshire: [] [E]ditor of the Tudor Facsimile Texts (i.e., John S. Farmer)], 1914, OCLC 897399266, Act IV:
        Heare, heare, O heare Iarbus plaining prayers, / VVhose hideous ecchoes make the vvelkin hovvle, / And all the vvoods Eliza to reſound: []
      • 1667, John Milton, “Book II”, in Paradise Lost. [], London: [] [Samuel Simmons], [], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, OCLC 230729554, lines 787–789:
        I fled, and cry'd out Death; / Hell trembl'd at the hideous Name, and ſigh'd / From all her Caves, and back reſounded Death.
      • 1709 May, Alexander Pope, “Pastorals. Spring. The First Pastoral, or Damon. []”, in Poetical Miscellanies: The Sixth Part. [], London: [] Jacob Tonson, [], OCLC 1029666000, page 723:
        Let Vernal Airs thro' trembling Oſiers play, / And Albion’s Cliffs reſound the Rural Lay.
      • a. 1795 (date written), William Wordsworth, “Guilt and Sorrow; or, Incidents upon Salisbury Plain”, in Poems, Chiefly of Early and Late Years; [] (The Poetical Works of William Wordsworth; VII), London: Edward Moxon, [], published 1842, OCLC 3383369, stanza LVIII, page 34:
        The dripping groves resound with cheerful lays, / And melancholy lowings intervene / Of scattered herds, that in the meadow graze, / Some amid lingering shade, some touched by the sun's rays.
    3. To praise or spread the fame of (someone or something) with the voice or the sound of musical instruments; to celebrate, to extol; also, to declare (someone) to be a certain thing.
      • 1615, George Sandys, “The First Booke”, in The Relation of a Journey Begun An. Dom. 1610. [], London: [] [Richard Field] for W. Barrett, OCLC 25923553, page 19:
        This is the famous Promontory of Sigeum, honored vvith the ſepulcher of Achilles, vvhich Alexander (viſiting it in his Aſian expedition) couered vvith flovvers, and ranne naked about it, as then the cuſtome vvas in funerals: ſacrificing to the ghoſt of his kinſman, vvhom he reputed moſt happie, that had ſuch a trumpet as Homer, to reſound his vertues.
      • [1633], George Herbert, “The Church Militant”, in [Nicholas Ferrar], editor, The Temple: Sacred Poems, and Private Ejaculations, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire: [] Thomas Buck and Roger Daniel; and are to be sold by Francis Green, [], OCLC 1048966979; reprinted London: Elliot Stock, [], 1885, OCLC 54151361, page 185:
        The Warrier his deere skarres no more reſounds, / But ſeems to yeeld Chriſt hath the greater wounds, / Wounds willingly endur'd to work his bliſſe, / Who by an ambuſh loſt his Paradiſe.
      • 1667, John Milton, “Book III”, in Paradise Lost. [], London: [] [Samuel Simmons], [], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, OCLC 230729554, lines 146–149:
        [B]oth Heav'n and Earth ſhall high extoll / Thy praiſes, with th' innumerable ſound / Of Hymns and ſacred Songs, wherewith thy Throne / Encompaſs'd ſhall reſound thee ever bleſt.
      • 1725, Homer; [Elijah Fenton], transl., “Book I”, in The Odyssey of Homer. [], volume I, London: [] Bernard Lintot, OCLC 8736646, page 3:
        The Man, for VViſdom's various arts renovvn'd, / Long exercis'd in vvoes, oh Muſe! reſound.
  2. (intransitive)
    1. Of a place: to reverberate with sound or noise.
      The street resounded with the noise of the children’s game.
    2. Of a sound, a voice, etc.: to reverberate; to ring.
      Synonym: echo
    3. Especially of a musical instrument: to make a (deep or reverberating) sound; also, to make sounds continuously.
      The sound of the brass band resounded through the town.
    4. (figuratively)
      1. Of an event: to have a major effect in a certain place or time.
      2. Of a person, their reputation, etc.: to be much lauded or mentioned.
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Late Middle English resoun, reson (echoing or reverberating sound; clangour, din, noise), from Old French reson, and from its etymon Latin resonus (echoing, resounding),[2] from re- (prefix meaning ‘again’) + sonus (sound; noise; pitch; speech; (figuratively) character, style, tone; tongue, voice) (from sonō (verb) (see further at etymology 1) + -us (suffix forming nouns)).[3]

Noun[edit]

resound (countable and uncountable, plural resounds)

  1. (countable) An echoing or reverberating sound; a resounding.
  2. (uncountable) The quality of echoing or reverberating; resonance.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From re- (prefix meaning ‘again, anew’) +‎ sound (to produce a sound).[4]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

resound (third-person singular simple present resounds, present participle resounding, simple past and past participle resounded)

  1. (transitive) To echo or repeat (a sound).
    • 1992, Health Devices, volume 21, Philadelphia, Pa.: Emergency Care Research Institute, ISSN 0046-7022, OCLC 457014318, page 117, column 2:
      Any new alarms, from any patient, will resound the alarm tone.
  2. (intransitive) To sound again.
Alternative forms[edit]
Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ resound, v.1”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, March 2022; “resound, v.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.
  2. ^ resǒun, n.(1)”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
  3. ^ Compare “resound, n.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, March 2022.
  4. ^ re-sound, v.2”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, March 2022.

Anagrams[edit]